Jared (founder of Jaredites)

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The Confusion of Tongues by Gustave Doré, a woodcut depicting the Biblical Tower of Babel, one of the central features of Jared's narrative.

In the Book of Ether in the Book of Mormon, Jared was the primary ancestor of the Jaredites. He is not to be confused with another Jared, a later Jaredite king who dethroned his father, Omer.

Etymology[edit]

Jared shares his name with the biblical patriarch Jared (Hebrew: יֶרֶד Yéreḏ, in pausa יָרֶד Yā́reḏ, "to descend"),[1] in the Book of Genesis, who was the sixth in the ten pre-flood generations between Adam and Noah; he was the son of Mahalaleel and the father of Enoch, and lived 962 years (Genesis 5:18). The biblical text in Jubilees implicitly etymologizes the name as derived from the root YRD "descend", because in his days "the angels of the Lord descended to earth".[2] Alternative suggestions for the name's etymology include words for "rose" and for "servant".[3]

The biblical Jared was a sixth-generation descendant of Adam and Eve. His primary history is recounted in Genesis 5:18–20, thus within the timeline of the Book of Mormon, he would have been antediluvian and an ancestor of the Jared of Ether.

Migration[edit]

According to the narrative Jared, along with family and friends came to the "promised land" (the Americas) shortly after the Tower of Babel. When the language of the people was confounded, Jared asked his brother to ask God not to confound their own language, that of their friends, and that of their immediate families. This means that they arrived much earlier than Lehi and Nephi and their families did. The Brother of Jared, often referred to as such in the text, and also called Mahonri Moriancumer is also a significant character.

Jared's group, the ancestors of the Jaredites, were guided through through the wilderness by God, and then fled across the ocean on unusual barges and established an ancient civilization in the Americas. They also brought with them animals and food.[4] The recorded length of the miraculous trip was 344 days.[5] The Book of Ether's mention of a "narrow neck of land" has led some to posit various locations for their point of arrival. Some of these include "necks of land" in Central America or modern-day Mexico. Others favor a location which spanned from the Midwest to the Eastern United States such as New York. However, neither of these are certain, and are not supported by mainstream archeology.

Mormon apologists link this story to various traditions similar to that of the tower of Babel said to be found in Central America. Some writers connected the Great Pyramid of Cholula to the Tower of Babel. The Dominican friar Diego Durán (1537–1588) reported hearing an account about the pyramid from a hundred-year-old priest at Cholula, shortly after the conquest of Mexico. He wrote that he was told when the light of the sun first appeared upon the land, giants appeared and set off in search of the sun. Not finding it, they built a tower to reach the sky. An angered Lord of the Heavens called upon the inhabitants of the sky, who destroyed the tower and scattered its inhabitants. The story was not related to either a flood or the confusion of languages, although Frazer connects its construction and the scattering of the giants with the Tower of Babel.[6] Another story, attributed by the native historian Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl (c. 1565–1648) to the ancient Toltecs, states that after men had multiplied following a great deluge, they erected a tall zacuali or tower, to preserve themselves in the event of a second deluge. However, their languages were confounded and they went to separate parts of the earth.[7]

Question of succession[edit]

As death was approaching Jared and his brother, Mahonri Moriancumer, gathered together the people to ask them what they desired of them before they died. The people then requested that they anoint one of their sons as king. This was grievous to them, and the Mahonri Moriancumer remarked that "surely this thing leadeth into captivity." [8] Despite Mahonri's misgivings, Jared pressed him to allow the establishment of a Jaredite kingship at which suggestion the brother of Jared yielded.[9]

Family[edit]

Mahonri Moriancumer
 
Jared
 
(unnamed)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jacom
 
Gilgah
 
Mahah
 
Orihah

References[edit]

  1. ^ The etymology "to descend" is according to Richard S. Hess (15 October 2007). Israelite Religions: An Archaeological and Biblical Survey. Baker Academic. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-8010-2717-8.
  2. ^ Fitzmyer, Joseph A. The Genesis Apocryphon of Qumran Cave 1 (1Q20): A Commentary (2004), p. 139.
  3. ^ Hess, Richard S., Studies in the personal names of Genesis 1-11 (1993), p. 69.
  4. ^ Ether 6:4
  5. ^ Ether 6:11
  6. ^ Frazer, James George (1919). Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion, Legend and Law. London: Macmillan. pp. 362–387.
  7. ^ "Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl". letras-uruguay.espaciolatino.com. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  8. ^ Ether 6:23
  9. ^ Ether 6:24