Jari Ecological Station

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Jari Ecological Station
Protected areas of northern Para state.svg
Protected areas of northern Pará state
9. Jari Ecological Station
Map showing the location of Jari Ecological Station
Map showing the location of Jari Ecological Station
Location in Brazil
Nearest city Munguba, Pará
Coordinates 0°30′47″S 52°41′31″W / 0.513°S 52.692°W / -0.513; -52.692Coordinates: 0°30′47″S 52°41′31″W / 0.513°S 52.692°W / -0.513; -52.692
Area 227,126 hectares (561,240 acres)
Designation Ecological station
Created 12 April 1982
Governing body ICMBio

Jari Ecological Station (Portuguese: Estação Ecológica do Jari) is an ecological station in Brazil, located in the states of Amapá and Pará, created in 1984.

Location[edit]

The ecological station was created by decrees of 12 April 1982 and 13 March 1984, and has an area of 231,079 hectares (571,010 acres). It lies in the Amazon rainforest biome. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[1] It lies in the municipalities of Almeirim, Pará, and Mazagão, Amapá.[2] Altitude varies from 80 to 400 metres (260 to 1,310 ft). The Jari River drains the eastern part and the Paru River drains the south west part. In north west the main watercourse is the Carecuru River.[3]

Environment[edit]

Temperature ranges from 18 to 29 °C (64 to 84 °F). The vegetation is mainly land forest. Emergent trees reach 60 metres (200 ft).[3] The protected unit is in excellent condition. There are traces of two old mines, which caused some changes to the landscape. Small numbers of people have settled along the Jarí River, which flows through the unit, built houses and cleared fields. The climate is hot and humid, with high annual rainfall. Flora and fauna are typical of tropical rainforest.[4]

Conservation[edit]

As of 2009 the Ecological Station was a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia. The purpose is to preserve the ecosystem and to support research and environmental education.[3] The conservation unit is supported by the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program.[5] Illegal gold prospecting occurs in the areas around the unit and pose the greatest threat through water pollution and hunting of local fauna, particularly mammals.[4]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]