Old mill at Jarisha, about 1917
|Name meaning||Jerisheh, from "to pound" or "grind"|
|Also spelled||Jerisha, Jarush|
|Current localities||Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan|
Jarisha (Arabic: جرِيشة, also transliterated Jerisha; Hebrew: ג'רישה) was a Palestinian Arab village located 200 meters (660 ft) from the ancient site of Tell Jarisha (Tel Gerisa), on the south bank of Al-Awja (Yarkon River). After the establishment of Tel Aviv, it was one of five Arab villages to fall within its municipal boundaries. Jarisha was depopulated in the lead up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, and the site has since been, "completely covered over by highways and suburban houses."
Jarisha was located only 200 meters (660 ft) from Tel Gerisa, an archaeological site dating to the Early Bronze II period (2800-2600 BC). In the Middle Bronze period (2000-1500 BC) the site was a fortified Hyksos town. It was succeeded by a Philistine settlement around the 12th century BC.
Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, in 1596, Jarisha was a village in the nahiya ("subdistrict") of the Bani Sa'b liwa' ("district") of Nablus, with a population of 22 Muslim households. The villagers paid taxes on buffalo, goats and beehives.
In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the village, transcribed as "Jerisheh", as being built of adobe bricks and flanked by an olive grove. It had a well and a mill. South-east of the village was the ruins of a Khan, a graveyard and some caves, also a masonry dam and a small bridge, "apparently Saracenic".
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jerisheh had a population of 57, all Muslims increasing the 1931 census to 183, still all Muslims, in a total of 43 houses.
The villagers worked in the service industry, but some also grew fruits and vegetables; in 1944-45 a total of 302 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, and 89 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards. 3 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
1948, and after
- Palmer, 1881, p. 215
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 52
- Mann, 2006, p. 246.
- Ben-Tor and Greenberg, 1992, p. 246.
- Khalidi and Elmusa, 1992, p. 246.
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 246
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 139.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 251. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.246
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 265
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
- Mills, 1932, p. 14.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 95 Also in Khalidi, 1992, p.246-247
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 145
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 247
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jarisha.|
- Ben-Tor, Amnon; Greenberg, R. The archaeology of ancient Israel.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Khalidi, Walid; Elmusa, Sharif S. (1992). All that Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 978-0-88728-224-9. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Mann, Barbara E. (2006). A Place in History: Modernism, Tel Aviv, and the Creation of Jewish Urban Space. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-5019-6. ISBN 0-8047-5019-X.
- Morris, Benny (1987). The Birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-33028-9.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome to Jarisha
- Jarisha from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 8: IAA, Wikimedia commons