Jaro, Leyte

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Map of Leyte with Jaro highlighted
Map of Leyte with Jaro highlighted
Jaro is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°11′N 124°47′E / 11.183°N 124.783°E / 11.183; 124.783Coordinates: 11°11′N 124°47′E / 11.183°N 124.783°E / 11.183; 124.783
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Leyte
District 2nd district of Leyte
Barangays 46
 • Mayor Rolando T. Celebre
 • Total 207.19 km2 (80.00 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 43,199
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6527
IDD:area code +63 (0)53
Income class 3rd municipal income class
PSGC 083723000
Electorate 23,530 voters as of 2016
Website www.jaro-leyte.gov.ph

Jaro is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 43,199 people.[3]


In the early time of the Spanish regime, the section where the Jaro is situated today was a lush forest enjoying its primitive freedom undisturbed by human beings.

In those days, struggles between Christianity and Mohammedanism took place. Datu Buisan and Sirungan led one of the Moro expeditions. They came to the Visayas leading a fleet of colorful moro vintas razing Christian towns to the ground, killing the inhabitants and taking some as slaves. Christians had to unite against the invaders and this was how Jaro came into being. There were two Leytenos known far and wide for their skill with the native arms and bravery in wars. These two men were Bonsilao of Ormoc and Sinirungan of Dagami. These two men were so strong that the people concluded that they possessed supernatural powers. This belief was strengthened by the fact that they managed to drive the Moros away. Later, the two men decided to settle in a centrally located place where they could easily give aid to the beleaguered Christians especially the inhabitants of Balugu, Kalgara and the neighboring towns. An ideal place was finally found. This was atop a hill and this same hill is where the parochial church of Jaro is situated. As time went by, the place was consequently cleared and homes were built. Small crooked paths were widened and thus a town was born.

The legendary background of this municipality has been for the most part connected with the surging Cabayongan River, which crisscrosses the town. This river had served the inhabitants in many ways, becoming as it were the flesh and blood of the community. As historical data points out, the municipality of Jaro was once called “Salug,” a proximate location to the Cabayongan River. Its fertile soil and abundant fruit-bearing trees contributed immensely to its early growth and expansion. It became a “visita” because of the periodic baptismal visit regularly made by the priest coming from the town of Barugo. This “Visita” became the second name of the municipality of Jaro.

In later years, the village became the centrifuge of people coming from the outlying districts and regions due to a running well found at the foot of the hill where the present church now stands, the water of which was believed to be medicinal because of herbs whose roots were leading to the well. The old folks termed the mixture of the herbs from the hill as “Haro,” a medicinal potent drug supposed to cure all kinds of afflictions and diseases. People from near and far municipalities flocked to this place to be treated.

Thus, ultimately, the word “Haro” became a by-word among the people and later on used to denote the name of the place when it became a municipality in 1810. When the Spaniards came, “Haro” was transcribed as “Jaro”.

Notre Dame of Jaro, a Catholic school run by the sisters of the Oblates of Notre Dame, is located in Jaro.


Jaro is politically subdivided into 46 barangays.[2]

  • Alahag
  • Anibongon
  • Badiang
  • Batug
  • Buenavista
  • Bukid
  • Burabod
  • Buri
  • Kaglawaan
  • Canhandugan (formerly San Javier)
  • Crossing Rubas
  • Daro
  • Hiagsam
  • Hibunawon
  • Hibucawan
  • Kalinawan
  • Likod
  • Macanip
  • Macopa
  • Mag-aso
  • Malobago
  • Olotan
  • Pange
  • Parasan
  • Pitogo
  • District I (Poblacion)
  • District II (Poblacion)
  • District III (Poblacion)
  • District IV (Poblacion)
  • Sagkahan
  • San Agustin
  • San Pedro
  • San Roque
  • Sta. Cruz
  • Santo Niño
  • Sari-sari
  • Tinambacan
  • Tuba
  • Uguiao
  • Villa Conzoilo (Villa Conzoilo)
  • Villa Paz
  • Bias-Zabala
  • Atipolo
  • Canapu-an
  • La Paz
  • Palanog (formerly Mooc)


Population census of Jaro
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 11,066 —    
1918 17,276 +3.01%
1939 23,914 +1.56%
1948 19,650 −2.16%
1960 32,243 +4.21%
1970 29,599 −0.85%
1975 30,987 +0.92%
1980 29,739 −0.82%
1990 31,727 +0.65%
1995 32,726 +0.58%
2000 37,437 +2.93%
2007 38,797 +0.49%
2010 39,577 +0.73%
2015 43,199 +1.68%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3][4][5][6]


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 3 August 2003. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Province of Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

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