Jaro Cathedral

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Jaro Cathedral
Catedral Metropolitana de Jaro (Spanish)
National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles
Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria (Spanish)
Jaro Cathedral.jpg
The main façade of the Cathedral, showing the stairs above the door leading to the shrine of Our Lady of the Candles
Jaro Cathedral Catedral Metropolitana de Jaro (Spanish) is located in Philippines
Jaro Cathedral Catedral Metropolitana de Jaro (Spanish)
Jaro Cathedral
Catedral Metropolitana de Jaro (Spanish)
Republic of the Philippines
10°41′24″N 122°33′0″E / 10.69000°N 122.55000°E / 10.69000; 122.55000Coordinates: 10°41′24″N 122°33′0″E / 10.69000°N 122.55000°E / 10.69000; 122.55000
Location Jaro, Iloilo City, Iloilo
Country Philippines
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website http://ourladyofcandlesnationalshrine.com
History
Dedication Our Lady of the Candles
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary
Consecrated 1874
Relics held Saint Josemaría Escrivá
Architecture
Status Cathedral
Functional status Active
Heritage designation National Historical Landmark
Designated 1976
Architectural type Cathedral
Style Romanesque Revival
Completed 1874, 1956
Specifications
Number of domes 1
Number of spires 2
Administration
Archdiocese Archdiocese of Jaro
Clergy
Archbishop Archbishop Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D
Rector Most Rev. Gerardo Alminaza, D.D

Jaro Cathedral, formally Jaro Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles (Spanish: Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria), is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro. It is located in the district of Jaro in Iloilo City, Iloilo, on the island of Panay in the Philippines. It was initially place under the patronage of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary.[1]

The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines formally declared the cathedral the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles (Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria) on February 2012. The Cathedral is the second national shrine in the Visayas, the first being the Basilica del Santo Niño in Cebu[2]

History[edit]

Along with the boom of the sugar industry of the Philippines especially centered in Iloilo, several churches and schools are constructed in Jaro.[3] The original cathedral was built in 1874 by the first Bishop of Jaro, Mariano Cuartero, O.P. It was destroyed by the January 1948 Lady Caycay earthquake and later repaired in 1956 by the first Archbishop of Jaro, José María Cuenco.

The Marian image of Our Lady of the Candles also has the distinction of being canonically crowned by the late Pope John Paul II during his visit to Iloilo City on February 21, 1981, making it as the only Marian figure to be given such stature in the Philippines.[4]

The journalist, national hero, and co-founder of the Propaganda Movement Graciano López Jaena was baptized in the Cathedral on December 20, 1856.

The National Historical Institute of the Philippines declared the Jaro Cathedral an historical landmark in 1976.[5]

In January 2012, the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines approved the cathedral as the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles.[6]

The current parish rector is Msgr. Higinio Velarde Jr.

Architecture[edit]

The shrine is constructed in the Romanesque Revival style, deviating from semi-circular arches. A distinctive feature is that the bell tower is located across a busy street from the church, on Jaro Plaza,[7] resembling Ilocos churches.[citation needed] Typically, belfries are built next to their churches. In this case, the tower was adjacent to an earlier church, but an earthquake destroyed the church and left the tower. Another distinctive feature is the stairs attached to the front facade of the cathedral, over the main entrance, leading up to a shrine featuring a statue of Our Lady of the Candles, as can be see in the picture at the top of this article. The church also possesses relics of St. Josemaría Escrivá.[8]

Another feature of the church is its all-male ensemble of saints placed on the main pillars, with the exception of the Virgin's icon. The arrangement is in response to Molo Church's all-female theme.[9]

On the cathedral grounds are several archdiocesan and parish offices, and a perpetual adoration chapel. About a block away is the archdiocesan seminary, St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary, and across the plaza is the archbishop's palace.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]