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Catedral Metropolitana de Jaro (Spanish)
|National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles
Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria (Spanish)
The main façade of the Cathedral, showing the stairs above the door leading to the shrine of Our Lady of the Candles
|Location||Jaro, Iloilo City, Iloilo|
|Dedication||Our Lady of the Candles
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary
|Relics held||Saint Josemaría Escrivá|
|Heritage designation||National Historical Landmark|
|Number of domes||1|
|Number of spires||2|
|Archdiocese||Archdiocese of Jaro|
|Archbishop||Archbishop Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D|
|Rector||Most Rev. Gerardo Alminaza, D.D|
Jaro Cathedral, formally Jaro Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles (Spanish: Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria), is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro. It is located in the district of Jaro in Iloilo City, Iloilo, on the island of Panay in the Philippines. It was initially place under the patronage of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary.
The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines formally declared the cathedral the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles (Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria) on February 2012. The Cathedral is the second national shrine in the Visayas, the first being the Basilica del Santo Niño in Cebu
Along with the boom of the sugar industry of the Philippines especially centered in Iloilo, several churches and schools are constructed in Jaro. The original cathedral was built in 1874 by the first Bishop of Jaro, Mariano Cuartero, O.P. It was destroyed by the January 1948 Lady Caycay earthquake and later repaired in 1956 by the first Archbishop of Jaro, José María Cuenco.
The Marian image of Our Lady of the Candles also has the distinction of being canonically crowned by the late Pope John Paul II during his visit to Iloilo City on February 21, 1981, making it as the only Marian figure to be given such stature in the Philippines.
The current parish rector is Msgr. Higinio Velarde Jr.
The shrine is constructed in the Romanesque Revival style, deviating from semi-circular arches. A distinctive feature is that the bell tower is located across a busy street from the church, on Jaro Plaza, resembling Ilocos churches. Typically, belfries are built next to their churches. In this case, the tower was adjacent to an earlier church, but an earthquake destroyed the church and left the tower. Another distinctive feature is the stairs attached to the front facade of the cathedral, over the main entrance, leading up to a shrine featuring a statue of Our Lady of the Candles, as can be see in the picture at the top of this article. The church also possesses relics of St. Josemaría Escrivá.
Another feature of the church is its all-male ensemble of saints placed on the main pillars, with the exception of the Virgin's icon. The arrangement is in response to Molo Church's all-female theme.
On the cathedral grounds are several archdiocesan and parish offices, and a perpetual adoration chapel. About a block away is the archdiocesan seminary, St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary, and across the plaza is the archbishop's palace.
- "Cathedral of Jaro, Iloilo". Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- See Jaro Belfry across Plaza Rizal Street on this map
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