|Prime Minister of Poland|
14 July 2006 – 16 November 2007
|Preceded by||Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz|
|Succeeded by||Donald Tusk|
|Chief of the Chancellery of the President|
22 December 1990 – 31 October 1991
|Preceded by||Michał Janiszewski|
|Succeeded by||Janusz Ziółkowski|
|Leader of Law and Justice|
18 January 2003
|Preceded by||Lech Kaczyński|
|Born||Jarosław Aleksander Kaczyński
18 June 1949
|Political party||Law and Justice (2001–present)|
|Solidarity (Before 1991)
Centre Agreement (1991–1997)
Solidarity Electoral Action (1997–2001)
|Alma mater||University of Warsaw
University of Gdańsk
Jarosław Aleksander Kaczyński (Polish pronunciation: [jaˈrɔswaf kaˈʈ͡ʂɨɲskʲi] ( listen); born 18 June 1949) is a Polish conservative politician and lawyer. He served as Prime Minister from July 2006 to November 2007. He is the chairman of the right-wing Law and Justice party (PiS), which he cofounded in 2001. He has been the leader of the ruling party since the 2015 elections.
He has a Doctor of Law degree. He is the identical twin brother of the former Polish President Lech Kaczyński. After the 2007 electoral defeat of PiS, Kaczyński stepped down from office as prime minister following the first meeting of the new Sejm.
He ran against Bronisław Komorowski in the Polish presidential election on 20 June 2010, which were called following the death of Lech Kaczyński. Kaczyński announced his candidacy on 26 April 2010, and said he would take the place of his recently deceased brother. He received 36.46% of votes in the first round, while acting president Bronisław Komorowski received 41.54%. In the second round, against Komorowski, he was defeated—receiving 46.99% of the votes, while Komorowski received 53.01% and won.
Kaczyński is the identical twin brother of the late Polish President Lech Kaczyński. Jarosław and Lech were born in Warsaw. The Kaczyński brothers are sons of Rajmund (an engineer who served as a soldier of the Armia Krajowa in World War II and a veteran of the Warsaw Uprising) and Jadwiga (a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences).
As children, Jarosław and Lech Kaczyński starred in the 1962 Polish film The Two Who Stole the Moon (Polish: O dwóch takich, co ukradli księżyc), based on a popular children's story by Kornel Makuszyński.
Kaczyński resides in Warsaw. He is unmarried, but there were rumours about his close love relationship with one of his unmarried employees, MP Jolanta Szczypińska. He lived with his ailing mother until her hospitalization. In 2007, he said his only sleeping partner was Alik, his cat. In 2006 the Polish newspaper Rzeczpospolita reported on communist-era secret service files which documented a discussion on his sexuality. In the files, a former SB officer speculated on Kaczyński's sexual orientation. Relations between Lech Wałęsa and Kaczyński have for many years been strained since Wałęsa told a joke about 'two brothers who arrive at a party – one with his wife and one with his "husband"'. He was alluding to Jarosław Kaczyński having a male sexual partner.
Jarosław Kaczyński was a graduate of law and administration of Warsaw University, which in 1976 awarded him a PhD in Law.
In 1991, he created the centrist, Christian democratic Centre Agreement party and later became its chairman, remaining in the role until 1998. In the years 1991–3 and 1997–2005 Kaczyński was a member of the Polish Parliament (Sejm).
Kaczyński was the Law and Justice prime ministerial candidate in the September 2005 Polish parliamentary election. However, when the party emerged as winner of the election, he pledged that he would not take the position, expecting that his nomination would reduce the chances of his brother Lech Kaczyński, who was a candidate for the October presidential election.
Kaczyński was the architect of the coalition with the left wing populist Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona) and the conservative Christian League of Polish Families party. Party-member Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz was appointed Prime Minister.
In the succeeding months, he was described as a frontbench MP and the leader of his party. Many also described Kaczyński as Poland's most influential politician. He was said to have enormous influence on the Prime Minister's decision-making process.
Following reports of a rift between Kaczyński and Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, the latter tendered his resignation on 7 July 2006, and Kaczyński was appointed prime minister by the President Lech Kaczyński on 10 July, and sworn in on 14 July, following the formation of cabinet and a confidence vote in the Sejm. During Lech Kaczyński's election campaign in 2005, he had pledged that should he win, Jarosław would not become prime minister. At the request of his government, Parliament lowered PIT and rent tax. Kaczyński controversially initiated a nationwide program (lustracja) which required thousands of public employees, teachers, and journalists to formally declare whether or not they had collaborated with the security services of the former communist regime. Kaczyński's government was criticized both at home and abroad for poor foreign relationships with Germany and Russia.
Despite gaining votes, Law and Justice lost the parliamentary election on 21 October 2007, finishing a distant second behind Christian-democratic and conservative liberal Civic Platform. Kaczyński was succeeded as prime minister by Donald Tusk (after which Kaczyński remained chairman of Law and Justice, becoming leader of the opposition).
Following the death of Lech Kaczyński, Jarosław announced that he would run for president against Bronisław Komorowski in the presidential elections held on 20 June 2010. Kaczyński was seen to have softened his image during the campaign, in order to win centrist voters. On 11 May 2010, he made a televised address to Russia, greeting his 'Russian friends' and praising the millions of Russians who died fighting in World War II. He got 36.46% of the votes in the first round, while acting president Bronisław Komorowski got 41.54%. He was defeated in the second round, getting 46.99% of the votes, while Komorowski got 53.01%, which made him the winner.
- History of Poland (1989–present)
- List of political parties in Poland
- List of politicians in Poland
- Politics of Poland
- Polish presidential election, 2005
- Polish parliamentary election, 2005
- Polish parliamentary election, 2007
- Polish parliamentary election, 2011
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- Präsidentenwahl in Polen: Kaczynski will seinen Bruder beerben (in German). Spiegel Online, 26 April 2010.
- "ANALYSIS-Poland's Kaczynski eyes middle ground ahead of vote". Reuters. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- "Kaczynski's Address to the Russian Nation". YouTube. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jarosław Kaczyński.|
|Chief of the Chancellery of the President
|Prime Minister of Poland
|Party political offices|
|Leader of Law and Justice
|Law and Justice nominee for President of Poland