Jaroslav Kurzweil (born 1926) (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjarɔslaf ˈkurtsvajl]) is a Czech mathematician. He is a specialist in ordinary differential equations and defined the Henstock–Kurzweil integral in terms of Riemann sums. Kurzweil has been awarded the highest possible scientific prize of the Czech Republic, the "Czech Mind" of the year 2006, as an acknowledgement of his life achievements.
- Kurzweil, Jaroslav (2012). Generalized Ordinary Differential Equations: Not Absolutely Continuous Solutions. Series in Real Analysis. 11. World Scientific Publishing Company. ISBN 978-9814324021.
- Jiří Jarník; Štefan Schwabik; Milan Tvrdý; Ivo Vrkoč, Sixty years of Jaroslav Kurzweil. Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal, Vol. 36 (1986), No. 1, 147–166