|3.05 million (est:)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Balochi, Sindhi, Siraiki|
|Sunni, Shia, Sufi|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Baloch tribes|
Jarwar (Urdu: جروار ) is a sub-tribe from the Gazini branch of Marri Baloch.[page needed] Although some families of Jarwar are still living in their native place near Kahan but they are now mainly split into various groups and living in many areas of Balochistan, Sindh and Southern Punjab. Many Jarwar elders considered this displacement from their native land and splitting into various groups is the result of many problems including tribal disputes, property disputes, shortage of food for men and their animals, search of peace and food are main reasons for migration and settle at new places.
The etymology of the word Jarwar has been debated since its inception as the name of the tribe. Historian Muhammad Hussain Unqa described Jarwar, Jalar and Jalwar as synonymous of the word "Jarar" which means brave. Obviously Baloch tribes have Arabic background.
Another possible meaning of Jarwar is that it may be a case of combination of two Sindhi words "Jar" means "water" and "war" which means "the person who involved in the management". Therefore, Jarwar means "the people who involved in or responsible for the management of water for the irrigational purposes.
Jarwar is one of the oldest sub-tribes of Marri. In the first decade of the 18th century, these tribesmen started a systematic migration from the barren hilly area of the Kohistan-e-Marri to the plain lands of “Sevi” now Sibi, Naseerabad, Jacobabad Sindh, and Dera Ghazi Khan in search of a better life and to keep themselves safe from the ongoing feuds and bloody disputes among various sub-tribes of Marri. This tendency followed extremely by the next generations of Jarwar tribesmen to the last decades of the 20th century. After the first migration from their native land, they did not unite on their selection of next destinations and separated from one another in the form of various small groups. They selected various different directions and routs deep into Baluchistan and as well as Punjab and Sindh.
The Majority of Jarwar tribemen speak Balochi language. Most of the Jarwar who live in various districts of Baluchistan and in areas of Sindh specially in Badin, Mirpur Khas, Digri, Judo, Tando Jan Mohammad, Kashmore and Jacobabad districts speak Balochi. Also a large community of Jarwar tribesmen living in the Rajasthan state of India speaks Balochi.
With Balochi language, Jarwar people living in Shahdadkot, Kamber, Larkana, Sanghar, Hyderabad and Tando Allahyar Districts of Sindh also speak Sindhi language. Some Jarwar of these districts can also speak Siraiki as a tool of communication.
Customs and Traditions
The majority of Jarwar tribesmen follow Baloch tribal customs, traditions and values and also believe in tribal system as like of other tribes of Baloch. Traditionally in Balochi customs, there is one sardar as the head of the tribe and a muqqadim/wadera is the head of a subtribe. Nawab Jangaiz Khan Marri is the Nawab & Sardar (chief of Marri) tribe, so Nawab Marri is also the Sardar of Jarwar people. Wadera Odha, wadera Samad & Jamad represent Kahani Jarwar. While the Jarwar of Shahdad Kot follow Haji Sardar Ali Jarwar as the head of their group. Jarwar in Dera Ghazi Khan follow a young man Dr. Naeem Jarwar, who is active in politics and a PTI candidate of MPA for PP-242.
Jarwar considered to be a peaceful sub-tribe among Marri Baloch people. Basically they are interested in agriculture and farming. Majority of Pakistani Jarwar are educated and are working in Government and private sector. Very few Jarwar are in business or army service. Overseas Jarwar are famous for showing their good hospitality for their fellow tribesmen and countrymen in abroad, especially Saudi Jarwar.
There are many communities of Jarwar in Balochistan, Sindh and other areas of Pakistan. Some communities of Jarwar are also found overseas in the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, notably in Medina, Mecca, and Jeddah.
- Longworth Dames, Mansel (1904). The Baloch Race: A Historical and Ethnological Sketch. Asiatic Society Monographs. Vol. IV. Vol. 4 (Royal Asiatic Society). Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- Longworth Dames, Mansel (1906). Popular Poetry of the Baloches (PDF). Vol. 1. David Nutt, 57-59 Longacre, London. Retrieved 22 April 2014.