Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County

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Jasenovac
Jasenovac is located in Croatia
Jasenovac
Jasenovac
Location of Jasenovac in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°16′N 16°55′E / 45.267°N 16.917°E / 45.267; 16.917
Country Croatia
County Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • Mayor Marija Mačković (HDZ)
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,391
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Jasenovac (Croatian pronunciation: [jasěnoʋat͡s]) is a village and a municipality in Croatian Slavonia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina County at the confluence of the river Una into Sava. The name means "ash tree" or "ash forest" in Croatian, the area being ringed by such a forest. During the Second World War, it was the site of the Jasenovac concentration camp.[citation needed]

Image of Jasenovac Municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County

Demographics[edit]

In 1991, the total population was 3,599, Croats made up 2,419 (67.21%), while Serbs were noticeable population with 911 (25.31%). In 2001, the municipality's population was 2,391, composed of 2,179 (91%) Croats and 141 Serbs (5.90%).

In 2011, the total population was 1,997, with 1,807 (90.49%) Croats and 152 Serbs (7.61%).[1]

The municipality of Jasenovac consists of 10 villages:

History[edit]

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Jasenovac was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia.

Jasenovac attained tragic notoriety during the Holocaust through the Jasenovac concentration camp giving its name to the Ustaša complex of WWII concentration camps.

During the Croatian War of Independence, in 1991, Serb forces destroyed the local three-way bridge over the Una and the Sava linking the town to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The area was subsequently mined. The town was taken over by Croatian forces as part of Operation Flash on 1 May 1995.

In 2005, a new three-way bridge was opened with financing from Croatia and the European Commission.[2] Demining operations in the area were ongoing in 2009.[3]

Culture[edit]

Jasenovac is home to a library with over 10,000 items.[4] Jasenovac celebrates May 1, the day of its liberation as part of Operation Flash, as its municipal holiday.[5]

The village of Krapje in the Jasenovac municipality houses the headquarters of the Lonjsko Polje Nature Park: the largest protected wetland in Croatia.[6]

Sport[edit]

The municipality is home to the football club NK Jasenovac.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°16′N 16°55′E / 45.267°N 16.917°E / 45.267; 16.917