Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County

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Jasenovac
Monastery Jasenovac
Monastery Jasenovac
Jasenovac is located in Croatia
Jasenovac
Jasenovac
Location of Jasenovac in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°16′N 16°55′E / 45.267°N 16.917°E / 45.267; 16.917
Country Croatia
County Flag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • Mayor Marija Mačković (HDZ)
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,391
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Jasenovac (Croatian pronunciation: [jasěnoʋat͡s]) is a village and a municipality in Croatian Slavonia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina County at the confluence of the river Una into Sava. The name means "ash tree" or "ash forest" in Croatian, the area being ringed by such a forest. During the Second World War, it was the site of the Jasenovac concentration camp.

Image of Jasenovac Municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County

Demographics[edit]

In 1991, the total population was 3,599, Croats made up 2,419 (67.21%), while Serbs were noticeable population with 911 (25.31%). In 2001, the municipality's population was 2,391, composed of 2,179 (91%) Croats and 141 Serbs (5.90%).

In 2011, the total population was 1,997, with 1,807 (90.49%) Croats and 152 Serbs (7.61%).[1]

The municipality of Jasenovac consists of 10 villages:

Austro-Hungarian 1910 census[edit]

According to the last Austro-Hungarian 1910 census, municipality of Jasenovac had 8,773 inhabitants which were ethnically and religiously declared as follows:[2]

Population by ethnicity Total Croats Serbs Germans Czechs Hungarians Italians Ruthenians Slovenians Note[3]
Drenov Bok 922 919 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 It was consisted of two hamlets: Bumbekovača (pop. 9) and Drenov Bok (pop. 913).
Jasenovac 2,365 1,338 975 33 8 8 0 2 1 It was consisted of two hamlets: Jasenovac (pop. 2,327) and Lončarice (pop. 38).
Košutarica 802 801 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Krapje 1,080 1,072 3 1 2 0 1 0 1
Mlaka 1,176 37 1,138 1 0 0 0 0 0 It was consisted of two independent settlements: Mlaka (pop. 823) and Jablanac Jasenovački (pop. 353) with two hamlets: Jablanac Jasenovački (pop. 350) and Jasenovački Strug (pop. 3).
Puska 832 797 29 0 0 0 6 0 0 Together with a settlement of Trebež.
Tanac 182 173 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 At the time of Census it was hamlet of the settlement of Uštica. Independent settlement from 1948.
Trebež 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 It was a hamlet of the settlement of Puska from 1948 as Trebež Krapjanski, and from 1953-1981 as Trebež Puščanski. Independent settlement from 1981. For Census data see: Puska.
Uštica 1,194 492 702 0 0 0 0 0 0 It was consisted of three hamlets: Klenov Bok (pop. 7), Uštica (pop. 1,077) and Uštička Gradina (pop. 110).
Višnjica 180 180 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 At the time of Census it was hamlet of the settlement of Uštica as Višnjica Uštička. Independent settlement from 1948.
Total 8,733 5,809 (66.51%) 2,859 (32.73%) 35 (0.40%) 10 (0.11%) 9 (0.10%) 7 (0.08%) 2 (0.02%) 2 (0.02%)
Population by religion Total Roman Catholics Eastern Orthodox Jews Eastern Catholics
Drenov Bok 922 919 3 0 0
Jasenovac 2,365 1,380 979 4 2
Košutarica 802 801 0 0 1
Krapje 1,080 1,074 3 3 0
Mlaka 1,176 38 1,138 0 0
Puska 832 803 29 0 0
Tanac 182 173 9 0 0
Trebež 0 0 0 0 0
Uštica 1,194 489 702 3 0
Višnjica 180 180 0 0 0
Total 8,733 5,857 (67.06%) 2,863 (32.78%) 10 (0.11%) 3 (0.03%)

Note: 1910 census was based on language and religion, without question about ethnicity. Croatian and Serbian language were presented as one language: Croatian or Serbian. Croat and Serb ethnicity here is based on religion. Roman Catholics and Eastern Catholics (also Protestants and Jews) which language was Croatian or Serbian are presented as Croats, and Eastern Orthodox which language was Croatian or Serbian are presented as Serbs. Other ethnic groups are presented based on their language. That time Ruthenians presented together modern days ethnicities of Ukrainians and Rusyns. Jews were presented only as religious group.

History[edit]

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Jasenovac was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia.

Jasenovac attained tragic notoriety during the Holocaust through the Jasenovac concentration camp giving its name to the Ustaša complex of WWII concentration camps.

During the Croatian War of Independence, in 1991, Serb forces destroyed the local three-way bridge over the Una and the Sava linking the town to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The area was subsequently mined. The town was taken over by Croatian forces as part of Operation Flash on 1 May 1995.

In 2005, a new three-way bridge was opened with financing from Croatia and the European Commission.[4] Demining operations in the area were ongoing in 2009.[5]

Culture[edit]

Jasenovac is home to a library with over 10,000 items.[6] Jasenovac celebrates May 1, the day of its liberation as part of Operation Flash, as its municipal holiday.[7]

The village of Krapje in the Jasenovac municipality houses the headquarters of the Lonjsko Polje Nature Park: the largest protected wetland in Croatia.[8]

Sport[edit]

The municipality is home to the football club NK Jasenovac.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Sisak-Moslavina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-12. 
  2. ^ Book: "Ethnic and religious composition of population of Croatia, 1880-1991: by settlements", author: Jakov Gelo, publisher: Zagreb, Croatian bureau of statistics, 1998., ISBN 953-6667-07-X, ISBN 978-953-6667-07-9;
  3. ^ Book: "Settlements and population of Socialist Republic of Croatia 1857-1971", author: Mirko Korenčić, publisher: Zagreb, Croatian bureau of statistics, 1979.
  4. ^ Predsjednik Vlade na otvorenju mosta u Jasenovcu Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Novi projekt razminiranja u Općini Jasenovac [New de-mining project in the Municipality of Jasenovac], Croatian Mine Action Centre, 23 June 2009.
  6. ^ Desetljeće rada Narodne knjižnice Jasenovac[permanent dead link], Vjesnik
  7. ^ Jasenovac: Uz "Bljesak" i Dan općine Jasenovca
  8. ^ http://www.pp-lonjsko-polje.hr/new/english/kako_do_nas_en.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°16′N 16°55′E / 45.267°N 16.917°E / 45.267; 16.917