|Grid position||249/266 PAL|
|Elevation||747 m (2,451 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Jassim (Arabic: جاسم, also spelled Jassem) is a small city in the Izra' District of the Daraa Governorate in southern Syria. It is located 41 kilometers north of Daraa and is near the towns of Nawa to the south, Kafr Shams to the north, Inkhil to the northeast and al-Harra to the northwest. In the 2004 census by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Jassim had a population of 31,683.
During the Byzantine-era in Syria, Jassim was a seat of the Monophysite church in 570. It was controlled and populated by the Ghassanid Arabs, a vassal kingdom of the Byzantine Empire. There were five monasteries affiliated with the Monophysites located in the town. The Ghassanid king Nu'man was buried in between Jassim and nearby Tubna.
The 10th-century Arab historian al-Masudi wrote that Jassim belonged to Damascus and was located "between Damascus and the Jordan Province, in a district called al-Khaulan. Jassim is a few miles from al-Jabiya, and from the territory of Nawa, where is the Pasturage of Ayyub."
Jassim was visited by Syrian geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi in the early 13th-century during Ayyubid rule. Al-Hamawi wrote that the place was named after "Jassim, son of Iram ibn Sam (Shem) ibn Nuh (Noah) who visited it at the time of the destruction of the Tower of Babel." He further noted that Jassim was a town in Damascus Province, "lying 8 leagues from Damascus, on the right of the high-road to Tabbariyah [Tiberias]."
In 1596 Jassim appeared in the Ottoman tax registers being in the nahiya of Jaydur in the Qada of Hauran. It had an entirely Muslim population consisting of 28 households and 14 bachelors. Taxes were paid for wheat, barley and summer crops.
Many of the inhabitants of nearby al-Harra originate from Jassim. The city is home to the Arab tribe of al-Halqiyyin. Prominent 20th-century Arab socialist leader Akram al-Hawrani descends from the tribe, members of which settled in Homs. In the 1870s Gottlieb Schumacher noted that Jassim was one of the largest villages in its region with a population of 1,000 living in 215 huts. He reported finding several ancient remains, particularly stone crosses from the Byzantine era.
Syrian civil war
Jassim was one of the first cities to participate in large-scale protests during the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising against the government on 18 March 2011. Further mass protests were reported on 22 April. On 1 April 2012, four Syrian Army soldiers were killed in clashes with rebel Free Syrian Army gunmen in Jassim according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Daraa Governorate. (in Arabic)
- Shahid, 2002, pp. 228-229.
- Shahid, 2002, p. 184
- le Strange, 1890, p. 463.
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 207.
- Schumacher, 1897, p. 190.
- Batatu, 1999, p. 370
- Schumacher, 1897, p. 194.
- Sterling, Joe. Daraa: The spark that lit the Syrian flame. CNN. 2012-03-01.
- Syrian protesters defy Assad concessions. The Daily Telegraph. 2011-04-22.
- Clashes in Syria kill 40 people: Monitoring agency. Times of India. 2012-04-01.
- Batatu, Hanna (1999). Syria's peasantry, the descendants of its lesser rural notables, and their politics (Illustrated ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691002541.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Schumacher, Gottlieb (1897). "Notes from Jedur". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. 29: 190–195.
- Shahid, Irfan (2002). Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century: pt. 1, Toponymy, Monuments, Historical Geography, and Frontier Studies. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. ISBN 0884022145.
- Strange, le, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.