Jasimuddin

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Jasim Uddin
Jasimuddin in 1951
Jasimuddin in 1951
Native name জসীমউদ্দীন
Born (1903-01-01)1 January 1903
Tambulkhana, Faridpur, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died 14 March 1976(1976-03-14) (aged 73)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Occupation Poet, songwriter, writer, radio personality, teacher
Nationality Bangladeshi
Pakistani (Prior to 1971)
British Indian (Prior 1947)
Education MA (Bengali)
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Notable awards

Jasimuddin (Bengali: জসীম উদ্‌দীন) (1 January 1903 – 13 March 1976), popularly called Palli Kabi (Pastoral Poet), was a Bangladeshi poet and writer widely celebrated for his modern ballad sagas in the pastoral mode.[1] His Nakshi Kanthar Math and Sojan Badiar Ghat are considered among the best lyrical poems in the Bengali language.[2] He is the key figure for the revivals of pastoral literature in Bengal during the 20th century.[3][1] A versatile writer, Jasimuddin wrote poems, ballads, songs, dramas, novel, stories, memoirs, travelogues, etc.[4]

Born in Faridpur, Jasimuddin was educated at Culcutta University where he also worked as Ramtanu Lahiri assistant research fellow under Dinesh Chandra Sen from 1931 to 1937.[5] In 1938, he joined the University of Dhaka and taught there for 5 years.[5] In 1944, he joined the Department of Information and Broadcasting of the then government and retired in 1962.[5]

"An ardent supporter of socialism" and Bengali language movement, Jasimuddin was "one of the pioneers of the progressive and non-communal cultural movement" during 1950s and 1960s.[5] He was awarded the President’s Award for Pride of Performance in 1958, Ekushey Padak in 1976 and Swadhinata Dibas Puruskar posthumously in 1978.[5] He rejected Bangla Academy Award in 1974.[5]

In January, 2018, Bangla Academy announced Jasimuddin Literary Award, a biennial award to be given for life-time contribution to Bangla literature.[6]

Early life and career[edit]

Jasimuddin (certificate in hand) at the reception by Rajenra College, Faridpur after the selection of "Kabar" poem by the University of Calcutta in 1928
Jasimuddin in London, England (1951)

Jasimuddin was born in the village of Tambulkhana in Faridpur District on 1 January 1903 in his maternal uncle's house. His father, Ansaruddin Mollah, was a school-teacher.[5] Mother Amina Khatun (Rangachhut) received early education at Faridpur Welfare School. He matriculated from Faridpur Zilla School in 1921. Jasimuddin completed IA from Rajendra College in 1924. He obtained his BA degree in Bengali from the University of Calcutta in 1929 and his MA in 1931.[5] From 1931 to 1937, he worked with Dinesh Chandra Sen as a collector of folk literature. Jasimuddin is one of the compilers of Purbo-Bongo Gitika (Ballads of East Bengal). He collected more than 10,000 folk songs, some of which has been included in his song compilations Jari Gaan and Murshida Gaan. He also wrote voluminously on the interpretation and philosophy of Bengali folklore.[7]

Jasimuddin joined the University of Dhaka in 1938 as a lecturer. He left the university in 1944 and the worked at the Department of Information and Broadcasting until his retirement in 1962 as the deputy director.[5]

Tomb of Jasimuddin

Poetry[edit]

Jasimuddin started writing poems at an early age. As a college student, he wrote the celebrated poem Kabar (The Grave), a simple tone to obtain family-religion and tragedy. The poem was placed in the entrance Bengali textbook while he was still a student of Calcutta University.

Jasimuddin is noted for his depiction of rural life and nature from the viewpoint of rural people.[8] This had earned the title as Palli Kabi (the rural poet). The structure and content of his poetry bears a strong flavor of Bengal folklore. His Nokshi Kanthar Maath (Field of the Embroidered Quilt) is considered a masterpiece and has been translated into many different languages.

Jasimuddin was introduced with Abbas Uddin by poet Golam Mostofa in a musical program held in Kolkata in 1931.[9]

Major honors and awards[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Jasimuddin was married to Begum Mamtaz Jasimuddin (d. 2006).[10] Together they had three sons, Jamal Anwar, Firoz Anwar and Khurshid Anwar, and two daughters, Begum Hasna Moudud and Asma Elahi. Hasna is the wife of politician Moudud Ahmed.[10]

Death and legacy[edit]

Faridpur Jasimuddin Museum in Faridpur

Jasimuddin died on 13 March 1976 and was buried near his ancestral home at Gobindapur, Faridpur. A fortnightly festival known as Jasim Mela is observed at Gobindapur each year in January commemorating his birthday.[11]

Major works[edit]

Poetry
  • Rakhali (1927)
  • NakshiÑ Kanthar Maath (1929)
  • Baluchor (1930)
  • Dhankhet(1933)
  • Sojan Badiyar Ghat (1934)
  • Rangila Nayer Majhi (1935)
  • Hashu (1938)
  • Rupobati (1946)
  • Matir Kanna (1951)
  • Sakina (1959)
  • Suchayani (1961)
  • Bhayabaha Sei Dingulite (1972)
  • Ma je Jononi Kande(1963)
  • Holud Boroni (1966)
  • Jole Lekhon (1969)
  • Padma Nadir Deshe (1969)
  • Beder Meye (1951)
  • Kafoner Michil (1978)
  • Maharom"
  • Dumokho Chand Pahari (1987)
Drama
  • Padmapar (1950)
  • Beder Meye (1951)
  • Modhubala (1951)
  • Pallibodhu (1956)
  • Gramer Maya (1959)
  • Ogo Pushpodhonu (1968)
  • Asman Shingho (1968)
Novel

Boba Kahini (1964)

Memoirs
  • Jader Dekhachi (1951)
  • Thakur Barir Anginay (1961)
  • Jibonkotha (1964)
  • Smritipot (1964)
  • Smaraner Sarani Bahi (1978)
Travelogues
  • Chole Musafir (1952)
  • Holde Porir Deshe (1967)
  • Je Deshe Manush Boro (1968)
  • Germanir Shahare Bandare (1975)
Music books
  • Rangila Nayer Majhi
  • Padmapar (1950)
  • Gangerpar
  • Jari Gan
  • Murshida Gan
  • Rakhali Gan
  • Baul
Others
  • Dalim Kumar (1986)
  • Bangalir Hasir Galpa (Part 1 and 2)
Song titles
  • Amar sonar moyna pakhi
  • Amar golar har khule ne
  • Amar har kala korlam re
  • Amay bhashaili re
  • Amay eto raate
  • Kemon tomar mata pita
  • Nodir kul nai kinar nai
  • O bondhu rongila
  • Rangila nayer majhi
  • Nishte Jaio Phul bane, O Bhomora
  • O bajan Chal jai mathe langol baite
  • Prano shokhi re oi shone kodombo tole
  • O amar dorodi age janle
  • Bashari Amar Harai Giache
  • Balu Charer Meya
  • Badol Bashi Ore Bandhu
  • Ganger Kulre Gelo Bhangia
  • O Tui Jare Aghat Hanlire Mone
  • O Amar Gahin Ganer Naya
  • Amar Bandhu Binodia[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Khan, Salimullah. "Modernity's many lineages: A tribute to Jasimuddin". The Daily Star. Dhaka: Transcom Group. Retrieved 1 April 2018. Polli Kobi Jasimuddin is widely acclaimed as one of the best representatives of Bangladesh's folkloric tradition. Famous litterateur Dr. Dineshchandra Sen once wrote that 'His [Jasimuddin] poetry appears like the breeze from the countryside that cools the sighs and sweat of urban living. He is congratulated for creating a new school of poetry.' 
  2. ^ Khan, Salimullah. "Modernity's many lineages: A tribute to Jasimuddin". The Daily Star. Dhaka: Transcom Group. Retrieved 1 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Ābula Phajala Śāmasujjāmāna (1992). Who's who in Bangladesh art, culture, literature, 1901–1991. Tribhuj Prakashani. p. 115. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "On poet Jasim Uddin's 103rd birthday". The Daily Star. 2008-01-01. Retrieved 2018-05-15. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Guha, Bimal (2012). "Jasimuddin". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (2nd ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  6. ^ "Bangla Academy to launch Palli Kabi Jasim Uddin award". The Daily Observer. 
  7. ^ a b "Jasimuddin.org". sos-arsenic.net. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  8. ^ Ābula Phajala Śāmasujjāmāna (1992). Who's who in Bangladesh art, culture, literature, 1901–1991. Tribhuj Prakashani. p. 115. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Kamal, Nashid (17 March 2015). "Jasimuddins criticism of Abbasuddin". Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  10. ^ a b "Palli Kabi Jasimuddin's wife passes away". bdnews24.com. 2006-01-13. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  11. ^ "Jasim Mela in Faridpur". The Daily Star. 2013-01-13. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 

External links[edit]