Jason Rohrer (2012)
|Born||November 14, 1977|
|Occupation||Computer programmer, game designer, writer, musician|
Jason Rohrer (born November 14, 1977) is an American computer programmer, writer, musician, and game designer. He publishes most of his software into the public domain (Public domain software) and charges for commercial platform distributed versions of his games, like on the iPhone appstore or Steam. He is a graduate of Cornell University. From 2004 until 2011 he practiced simple living, stating in 2009 that his family of four had an annual budget of less than $14,500. They have since relocated from Las Cruces, New Mexico to Davis, California. In 2005 Jason Rohrer worked on a local currency, called North Country Notes (NCN), for Potsdam, New York. In 2016 Rohrer became the first videogame artist to have a solo retrospective in an art museum. His exhibition, The Game Worlds of Jason Rohrer, was on view at The Davis Museum at Wellesley College until June 2016.
Rohrer has placed most of his creative work, like video games' source code and assets, into the public domain as he is a supporter of a copyright-less free distribution economy. Many of his project are hosted on SourceForge.
- Transcend – Rohrer's first game, released in 2005. Transcend is "an abstract 2D shooting game that doubles as a multimedia sculpture."
- Cultivation – Rohrer's second game, released in 2007, is "a social simulation about a community of gardeners."
- Passage – Rohrer's third game, which was released in 2007 and garnered much attention from the mainstream and independent gaming communities. The game lasts exactly five minutes, and focuses on life, mortality and the costs and benefits of marriage. It was featured in Kokoromi's curated GAMMA 256 event. In 2012 Passage became part of the permanent collection at the Museum of Modern Art.
- Gravitation – Rohrer's fourth game, released in 2008. That same year, it won the Jury award at IndieCade.
- Between – Rohrer's fifth game, released in 2008. It is hosted by Esquire Magazine as an adjunct to Rohrer's profile in the December 2008 issue and was the recipient of the 2009 Independent Games Festival's Innovation Award.
- Primrose – Rohrer's sixth game, designed for the iPhone (although released for home computers as well). It was released on February 19, 2009. It is a departure from the art-game theme, and is a simple puzzle game.
- Sleep is Death – Adventure-game-making software, released April 16, 2010. Sleep is Death games require the creator to be present to respond to the player's actions in near real-time. It has received favorable reviews from a number of mainstream game review sites.
- Game Design Sketchbook – In 2008 Rohrer created a number of games for The Escapist. These would usually be unpolished prototype games that explore a single theme, with an accompanying article by Rohrer describing the creative process of making games.
- Inside a Star-filled Sky – An "infinite, recursive tactical shooter" released in February 2011, favorably reviewed. Selected for presentation at the 2011 Tokyo Game Show's Sense of Wonder Night. The game was put by Rohrer into public domain, like many other games of Rohrer.
- Diamond Trust of London – A 2012 crowdfunded two-player strategy game for the Nintendo DS into public domain.
- The Castle Doctrine – An MMO burglary and home defense video game. Sold on Steam while being Public domain software.
- Cordial Minuet – A two-player online gambling strategy game played anonymously for real money.
- One Hour One Life – A multiplayer survival game of parenting and civilization building, released February 2018 and exclusively sold via the developer's webpage. Like the games before, public domain software and hosted on GitHub.
GDC 2011 Game Design Challenge
At the 2011 Game Developers Conference Rohrer won the annual Game Design Challenge by proposing a game that could only be played once by a single player and then passed on to another. This idea was based on stories of his late grandfather that had been passed down. He stated "We become like gods to those who come after us." With this in mind he created a Minecraft mod, Chain World, that was put on a single USB flash drive, which he then passed to an audience member. The rules of the game were simple: No text signs are allowed in the game, players may play until they die once, upon respawning they must quit the game and the game must then be passed onto someone that is interested and willing to respect the rules.
GDC 2013 Game Design Challenge
In March 2013 the Game Design Challenge was held at the Game Developers Conference for the final time. Its theme was "Humanity's Final Game." Rohrer was among the six contestants and won with his entry A Game For Someone, a physical game constructed of titanium. After its completion Rohrer buried it in an undisclosed location in the Nevada desert. At the challenge he released lists containing over one million discrete GPS coordinates, one of which was the actual burial spot. He estimated that with coordinated searching it would take at least 2,700 years to locate the game.
The Game Worlds of Jason Rohrer
In February 2016, the Davis Museum at Wellesley College exhibited The Game Worlds of Jason Rohrer, the first museum retrospective dedicated to the work of a single video game maker. The museum stated "Rohrer's exhibited work is deft, engaging, and often surprisingly moving. It refers to a diverse set of cultural influences ranging from the fiction of Borges to Black Magic; at the same time, it also engages pressing emotional, intellectual, philosophical, and social issues. Rohrer's substantial recognition, which has included feature coverage in Wired, Esquire and The Wall Street Journal, as well as inclusion in MoMA's initial videogame acquisition, has been built on a singularly fascinating body of games. These range from the elegantly simple—such as Gravitation (2008), a game about flights of creative mania and melancholy—to others of Byzantine complexity. The exhibition featured four large build-outs that translate Rohrer’s games into unique spatial experiences, alongside a section dedicated to exploring a large body of his work." The exhibit was designed by IKD, a Boston-based design firm.
- konspire2b, a pseudonymous channel-based distributed file system
- token word, a Xanadu-style text editing system
- tangle, a proxy server which attempts to find relationships between websites and user visits.
- MUTE, a file sharing network with anonymity in mind.
- Monolith, a thought experiment that might be relevant to digital copyright. This has expanded to a computer program implemented on his ideas.
- seedBlogs, a modular building block that lets users add PHP and MySQL-backed dynamic content to any website.
- silk, a web-based hypertext system to simplify web page linking. Similar to Wiki markup.
- hyperlit, a literary hypertext authoring system.
- subreal, a distributed evolution system.
- Project December, an online conversation AI using GPT-2 and GPT-3 technology.
- "Jason Rohrer Releases iPhone Puzzler Primrose". Fingergaming.com. Archived from the original on February 24, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Passage in App Store, $0.99". Fingergaming.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- The Castle Doctrine on steampowered.com
- "Jason Rohrer named one of Esquire Magazine's Best and Brightest". Cornell University. May 18, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- "RESUME: Jason Rohrer". Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- "Voluntary Simplicity". Hcsoftware.sourceforge.net. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
- North Country Notes Release Approaching on northcountrynotes.org
- New Ideas in Currency Systems: Z Dollars on northcountrynotes.org
- The Davis Museum at Wellesley College. "The Game Worlds of Jason Rohrer". The Davis Museum at Wellesley College. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Free Distribution by Jason Rohrer (2004)
- Jason Rohrer (October 17, 2011). "HC Software". SourceForge. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Cultivation on sourceforge.net
- Rutkoff, Aaron (January 25, 2008). "The Game of Life". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Can D.I.Y. Supplant the First-Person Shooter?". Nytimes.com. November 15, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Voorhees, Josh. "The Gaming Club: There is little reason to be pessimistic or cynical about the future of gaming. – By N'Gai Croal , Seth Schiesel, Chris Suellentrop, and Stephen Totilo – Slate Magazine". Slate.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Video Games Break Out – BusinessWeek". businessweek.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "When has a videogame ever made you cry?..." nbcnews.com. October 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "Future of Video Game Design – Jason Rohrer's Programming Online Games". Esquire. November 20, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- "The 14th Annual Independent Games Festival Finalists". Igf.com. 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- "Primrose". Primrose.sourceforge.net. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "(Geisterfahrer)". Sleep Is Death. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- "Game Design Sketchbook". Escapistmagazine.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Inside a Star-filled Sky". Inside a Star-filled Sky. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Impression: Inside a Star-filled Sky". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Inside a Star-filled Sky". PC Gamer. February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "東京ゲームショウ｜Tokyo Game Show". Tgs.cesa.or.jp. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- gameSource on sourceforge.net
- Inside a Star-Filled Sky (Public Domain For-Pay) + Video Review + Jason Rohrer on open source on freegamer.blogspot.de (March 2011)
- oh-the-humanity-jason-rohrer-releases-one-hour-one-life on Rock, Paper, Shotgun
- OneLife on github.com/jasonrohrer
- Alexander, Leigh. "GDC 2011: Rohrer Wins Game Design Challenge With Unique Minecraft Mod". Gamasutra. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Bishop, Bryan. "Humanity's Final Game: a titanium board game buried in the Nevada desert". The Verge. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
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