Jasper County, Illinois

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Jasper County, Illinois
Jasper County Courthouse in Newton.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Jasper County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1831
Named for William Jasper
Seat Newton
Largest city Newton
Area
 • Total 498 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Land 495 sq mi (1,282 km2)
 • Water 3.6 sq mi (9 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 9,698
 • Density 20/sq mi (8/km2)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 9,698.[1] Its county seat is Newton.[2]

History[edit]

Jasper County was formed in 1831 out of Clay and Crawford Counties. It was named for Sgt. William Jasper, a Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. During the defense of Fort Moultrie in 1776, the staff of the American flag was shot away. Sgt. Jasper attached the flag to a pole and stood on the wall waving the flag at the British until a new staff was erected.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 498 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 495 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Newton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.4
 
 
34
18
 
 
2.4
 
 
40
23
 
 
3.9
 
 
51
33
 
 
3.9
 
 
63
42
 
 
4.4
 
 
73
52
 
 
3.7
 
 
82
62
 
 
4.4
 
 
85
66
 
 
3.4
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
78
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
4
 
 
52
34
 
 
2.9
 
 
39
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Newton have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches (60 mm) in January to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in May.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Jasper County
Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,472
18503,220118.8%
18608,364159.8%
187011,23434.3%
188014,51529.2%
189018,18825.3%
190020,16010.8%
191018,157−9.9%
192016,064−11.5%
193012,809−20.3%
194013,4314.9%
195012,266−8.7%
196011,346−7.5%
197010,741−5.3%
198011,3185.4%
199010,609−6.3%
200010,117−4.6%
20109,698−4.1%
Est. 20169,536[5]−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,698 people, 3,940 households, and 2,800 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 19.6 inhabitants per square mile (7.6/km2). There were 4,345 housing units at an average density of 8.8 per square mile (3.4/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 98.6% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 39.5% were German, 12.5% were American, 11.0% were Irish, and 9.1% were English.[11]

Of the 3,940 households, 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.9% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 42.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,546 and the median income for a family was $53,034. Males had a median income of $39,167 versus $24,856 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,467. About 6.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Education[edit]

Jasper County is largely served by Jasper County Community Unit School District 1, which is based in its county seat, Newton. Five of the district's six schools are located in Jasper County. Saint Thomas Catholic School is a private elementary school, also in Newton.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Jasper County is divided into eleven townships:

Notable residents[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.8% 3,975 18.1% 924 4.2% 213
2012 69.7% 3,514 28.5% 1,436 1.8% 93
2008 57.6% 2,964 40.1% 2,063 2.2% 115
2004 66.1% 3,529 33.4% 1,781 0.5% 26
2000 62.1% 3,119 36.2% 1,815 1.7% 87
1996 45.1% 2,234 41.2% 2,038 13.7% 679
1992 36.4% 1,996 41.7% 2,284 21.9% 1,200
1988 58.3% 3,024 41.1% 2,135 0.6% 30
1984 67.4% 3,673 32.1% 1,750 0.6% 31
1980 63.2% 3,548 32.9% 1,846 3.9% 218
1976 49.5% 2,794 49.1% 2,772 1.5% 84
1972 61.2% 3,461 37.4% 2,114 1.5% 82
1968 51.8% 2,944 35.4% 2,012 12.8% 730
1964 43.4% 2,614 56.6% 3,406
1960 52.8% 3,393 47.1% 3,027 0.0% 1
1956 51.8% 3,107 48.2% 2,895
1952 57.8% 3,753 42.0% 2,728 0.2% 10
1948 49.8% 2,957 49.4% 2,936 0.8% 50
1944 52.1% 3,453 47.4% 3,142 0.4% 29
1940 52.2% 4,082 47.2% 3,689 0.6% 44
1936 42.9% 3,221 55.3% 4,149 1.8% 132
1932 34.2% 2,300 65.3% 4,390 0.5% 36
1928 51.0% 3,201 48.7% 3,055 0.3% 16
1924 47.4% 3,030 49.2% 3,144 3.5% 223
1920 51.6% 3,279 46.8% 2,971 1.6% 101
1916 43.4% 3,110 54.2% 3,884 2.5% 179
1912 31.1% 1,227 51.8% 2,042 17.1% 675
1908 43.0% 1,860 53.6% 2,317 3.4% 148
1904 45.2% 1,889 48.4% 2,024 6.4% 266
1900 41.6% 1,923 56.0% 2,591 2.4% 112
1896 40.1% 1,867 58.5% 2,724 1.3% 62
1892 36.7% 1,519 53.6% 2,217 9.7% 399

Jasper is politically a fairly typical "anti-Yankee" Southern Illinois county. Opposition to the "Yankee" Republican Party and that party's Civil War meant that Jasper County voted solidly Democratic until isolationist sentiment drove its voters to Warren G. Harding in 1920.

Since the New Deal, the county has shown a steady trend away from the Democratic Party due to major shifts in that party’s views – initially on economic policies, and since the 1990s on social issues.[14] Only one Democrat – Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide – has won a majority since 1940, and as is typical of the Upland South, Barack Obama in 2012 and Hilary Clinton did far worse than any previous Democrat.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Newton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  14. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°01′N 88°09′W / 39.01°N 88.15°W / 39.01; -88.15