Jasper National Park

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Jasper National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
A small island with spruce trees on an alpine lake surrounded by peaks
Map showing the location of Jasper National Park
Jasper National Park
Jasper Park Location
Location Alberta, Canada
Nearest city Jasper
Coordinates 52°48′N 117°54′W / 52.8°N 117.9°W / 52.8; -117.9Coordinates: 52°48′N 117°54′W / 52.8°N 117.9°W / 52.8; -117.9
Area 10,878 km2 (4,200 sq mi)
Established 1907
Visitors 2,022,878[1] (in 2013)
Governing body Parks Canada
World Heritage Site 304

Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 10,878 km2 (4,200 sq mi). It is located in the province of Alberta, north of Banff National Park and west of Edmonton. The park includes the glaciers of the Columbia Icefield, hot springs, lakes, waterfalls and mountains.

History[edit]

Jasper was named after Jasper Hawes, who operated a trading post in the region for the North West Company. Before this it was referred to as Fitzhugh. The park was established on September 14, 1907 as Jasper Forest Park, and was granted national park status in 1930, with the passing of the National Parks Act.[2] In 2013, Jasper National Park had 2,022,878 visitors.[1]

Wildlife[edit]

Animals found in the park are elk, caribou, moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, grizzly bears, black bears, coyotes, beavers, pikas, hoary marmots, timber wolves, cougars, and wolverines. The most common birds that fly around this park including raptors are spruce grouses, Great horned owls, bohemian waxwings, golden eagles, white-tailed ptarmigans, bald eagles, and evening grosbeaks. Canada geese and red-necked grebes mostly float on Maligne Lake.

World Heritage Site[edit]

The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984, together with the other national and provincial parks that form the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, for the mountain landscapes containing mountain peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons, and limestone caves as well as fossils found here.

Geography[edit]

Mount Athabasca in Jasper National Park.

Major river systems originating in the park include the Athabasca and Smoky rivers (part of the Arctic Ocean basin).

Attractions[edit]

Fryatt Valley from the top of the head wall.

Some of the park's scenic attractions include Mount Edith Cavell, Pyramid Lake with Pyramid Mountain, Maligne Lake, Medicine Lake, and the Tonquin Valley. Other attractions are the Marmot Basin ski area; the Snocoach tours of the Athabasca Glacier, an outlet glacier of the Columbia Icefield; Athabasca Falls; the Jasper Skytram, and numerous other outdoor related recreational activities (such as hiking, fishing, wildlife viewing, rafting, kayaking and camping). The Miette Hot Springs are located close to the northeast entrance. The Miette Hot Springs are created by an extremely hot spring cooled by the mountain to temperatures suitable for humans.

The Icefields Parkway is a highway 230 km (140 mi) in length from Lake Louise, Alberta in Banff National Park, to Jasper, Alberta. The highway parallels the continental divide, providing motor and cycle access to the mountains. The Athabasca and Sunwapta Falls are both accessible by the road.

Climate[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Entering Jasper National Park on Yellowhead Highway.

Jasper National Park is featured in the 2010 3D animated comedy-drama film Alpha and Omega as the location the two wolf protagonists are taken from and struggle to return to.[5][6][7][8]

A KLM Boeing 777-300 is named after Jasper National Park.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jasper National Park of Canada Annual Report 2014 (PDF) (Report). Parks Canada. 2014. p. 2. Retrieved October 18, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Jasper National Park of Canada: Visitor Information". Parks Canada. 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2007-02-07. 
  3. ^ "CCN". Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Jasper Warden". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  5. ^ Loup, Mat (September 10, 2010). "US pet day celebrations launch animated 'Alpha and Omega' movie.". Media centre. Retrieved March 3, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Alpha and Omega promo video". Tourism Jasper's blog. Tourism Jasper. 2010. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2012. 
  7. ^ Mah, Bill (September 28, 2010). "Jasper hopes for Hollywood bounce". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved March 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ White, Carrie (December 16, 2010). "Tourism Jasper Has A Busy First Year". The Fitzhugh. Jasper, Canada: Aberdeen Publishing. Retrieved March 3, 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.airfleets.net/ficheapp/plane-b777-44555.htm

External links[edit]