|Born||28 January 1930|
|Origin||Village Pili Mandori, Fatehabad District, British Punjab|
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
Jasraj was born on 28 January 1930 in Pili Mandori, a village in the Hisar district of Haryana (now Fatehabad district) in a middle-class family to Motiram, a classical singer. Motiram died in 1934 when Jasraj was four, on the day he was to be appointed as the state musician in the court of Osman Ali Khan. Jasraj's elder brother, Pratap Narain, was also an accomplished musician and was the father of music composer duo Jatin-Lalit, singer-actress Sulakshana Pandit and actress Vijeta Pandit.
Jasraj spent his youth in Hyderabad, and travelled often to Sanand in Gujarat to study music with musicians of the Mewati gharana. The Thakur Sahib of Sanand was deeply dedicated to classical music, and was an accomplished musician himself. He had collected around him a court of scholarly and accomplished musicians, and a lot of Jasraj's musical training happened in this environment.
Jasraj was married to Madhura Shantaram, the daughter of film director V. Shantaram, whom he had first met in 1960 in Mumbai. They married in 1962, initially living in Kolkata, and moved to Mumbai in 1963. They have two children, a son, Shaarang Dev Pandit, and a daughter, Durga Jasraj. Jasraj's wife Madhura has directed documentaries and children's plays, and directed and produced ballets, Geeta-Govinda, Kaan Kahaani and Surdas, and the TV series, Faster Phene. Madhura made a film, Sangeet Martand Pandit Jasraj in 2009 and directed her first Marathi film, Aai Tuzha Aashirwad, in 2010, in which her husband and Lata Mangeshkar sang in Marathi.
Jasraj was initiated into vocal music by his father, but initially trained as an accompanist, playing the tabla at vocal performances by his brother, the singer Maniram. He credits the vocalist, Begum Akhtar, as inspiring him to take up classical music. Jasraj began training as a vocalist at the age of 15, and performed his first stage concert as a vocalist at the age of 22. Before becoming a stage performer, Jasraj worked as a performing artist on radio for several years.
He initially trained as a classical vocalist with his brother, Maniram, and later with the vocalist Jaywant Singh Waghela and Gulam Kadar Khan of Mewat gharana. In addition, he trained under Swami Vallabhdas Damulji of the Agra gharana.
Technique and style
Although Jasraj belongs to the Mewati gharana, a school of music known for its traditional performances of khyals, Jasraj has sung khayals with some flexibility, adding elements of lighter styles, including the thumri, to khayal singing. During the initial stages of his career he was criticised for incorporating elements from other schools of music, or gharanas, into his singing. Music critic S. Kalidas has noted, however, that this borrowing of elements across gharanas has now become more commonly accepted.
Jasraj created a novel form of jugalbandi called Jasrangi that is styled on the ancient system of moorchhana, between a male and a female vocalist, who each sing different ragas at the same time. He is also known for presenting a variety of rare ragas including Abiri Todi and Patdeepaki.
Semi-classical and popular music
In addition to performing classical music, Jasraj has worked to popularise semi-classical musical styles, such as Haveli Sangeet, which involves semi-classical performances in temples. Additionally, he has also sung classical and semi-classical compositions for film soundtracks, such as the song, 'Vandana Karo,' composed in Raag Ahir Bhairav by the composer Vasant Desai, for the film Ladki Sahyadri Ki (1966), a duet with vocalist Bhimsen Joshi for the soundtrack of the film Birbal My Brother (1975), and a ballad, Vaada Tumse Hai Vaada for a horror film titled 1920 (2008) directed by Vikram Bhatt.
In memory of his father, Jasraj organises a musical festival every year called the Pandit Motiram Pandit Maniram Sangeet Samaroh in Hyderabad, India. The festival has been held annually since 1972.
On 28 January 2017, the production house Navrasa Duende celebrated Jasraj's 87th birthday and 80 years of his service to music as a classical music concert with the title 'My Journey', an Intimate Evening with Pandit Jasraj at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi. He received a standing ovation.
Jasraj has tutored several students who have gone on to perform as classical musicians including Saptarshi Chakraborthy, Sanjeev Abhyankar, Kala Ramnath, Tripti Mukherjee, Suman Ghosh, Shashank Subramanyam, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Anuradha Paudwal, Sadhana Sargam, Shankar Mahadevan, and Ramesh Narayan.
- Sumitra Charat Ram Award for Lifetime Achievement (2014)
- Padma Vibhushan (2000)
- Padma Bhushan (1990)
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award 1987
- Sangeet Kala Ratna
- Master Dinanath Mangeshkar Award
- Lata Mangeshkar Puraskar
- Maharashtra Gaurav Puraskar
- Swathi Sangeetha Puraskaram in 2008
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (2010)
- Marwar Sangeet Ratna Award
- Samagana Matanga 2012 award
- Raga Symphony (2009)
- Anuraag (2000)
- Devotionally Yours
- The Glory of Dawn – Morning Raagas (2005)
- Invocation (1993)
- Khazana (2008)
- In Concert Vancouver Vols. 1 & 2 (1997)
- Malhar – A Downpour of Music (2005)
- The Meditative Music of Pandit Jasraj
- Parampara – The Mewati Tradition
- Pride of India (2002)
- Multaani & Din-ki-Purya
- Shri Krishna Anuraag (2000)
- Songs of Krishna Vol. 1 & Vol. 2 (2000)
- The Spiritual Journey (2005)
- Baiju Bawra Vols. 1 & 2 (2008)
- Upasana (2007)
- Miyan Tansen Vol 1 & Vol 2 (2006)
- Tapasya Vol. 1 (2005)
- Darbar (2003)
- Maheshwara Mantra (2002)
- Soul Food (2005)
- Haveli Sangeet (2001)
- Inspiration (2000)
- Ragas Triveni and Multani Live
- Ragas Bihada and Gaud Giri Malhar
- Worship By Music/Live Stuggart '88
- Ornamental Voice
- Ladki Sahyadri Ki (1966, music by Vasant Desai)
- Birbal My Brother (1973, music by Shyam Prabhakar)
- 1920 (2008, music by Adnan Sami)
- Life of Pi (2012, directed by Ang Lee)
- Kulkarni, Pranav (15 December 2008). "Pandit Jasraj casts magic spell". The Indian Express. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- "Pandit Jasraj on his life-long love for music". Hindustan Times. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "Fun Interview On Wishlist, Pandit Jasraj Talks Of Cricket, Deer And Krishna". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- A custom of culture The Hindu, 1 December 2004.
- Jaisi, sadiq; Luther, Narendra (2004). The Nocturnal Court: The Life of a Prince of Hyderabad. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195666052. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Paul, Papri. "My Father Died Five Hours Before He Was To Be Announced The Royal Musician In Court Of Osman Ali Khan". epaperbeta.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- "Pandit Jasraj takes a trip down the memory lane to relive his idyllic childhood spent in Hyderabad - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "Raag Jasraj, in the maestro's voice - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "Pandit Jasraj looks back at a long, musical life on his 85th birthday". The Indian Express. 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- Jai ho! Jasraj The Hindu, 8 October 2007.
- Madhura Jasraj recounts life with the Maestro Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, 26 November 2009.
- "Age no bar". Indian Express. 10 September 2010.
- "Unforgettable". The Indian Express. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- Gaekwad, Manish. "Cinema classical: Singing for the gods, Pandit Jasraj took time out to enthral mortals". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- The Statesman. "Pandit Jasraj turns 87, celebrates in the form of a concert". Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "Pandit Jasraj: Earlier, classical music was like Himalaya — today, it's like a sea - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "Sangeetayan Promotes Indian Classical Music In Atlanta". WABE 90.1. 27 July 2017.
- "Pandit Jasraj gets Sumitra award for lifetime dedicated to music". Mail Online. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- "Declaration of Sangeet Natak Akademi fellowships (Akademi Ratna) and Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for the year 2009" (Press release). Ministry of Culture. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Pandit Jasraj on his life-long love for music". www.hindustantimes.com. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2017-08-03.
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