Jaswant Ki Chhatri

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Jaswant Singh ki chhatri (or Jaswant ki chatri), is a domed pillared pavilion shaped cenotaph, common to Rajasthani architecture, built in ca 1644-58 AD, and is said to be the only monument to have been built by a Hindu in Agra during the Mughal era. The chhatri is situated in Rajwara, Balkeshwar along the banks of river Yamuna, in Agra, and is now maintained by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as a monument of National importance [1][2]

History[edit]

The chhatri was built in 1644-58 AD, dedicated to Rani Hada, princess of Bundi in Rajasthan who was married to Amar Singh Rathore. Amar Singh Rathore was killed on July 25, 1644 at Agra Fort. His body was given to widow Hada Rani who committed sati at the spot. Raja Jaswant Singh, younger brother of Amar Singh Rathore built this commemorative Chhatri.

The chhatri is not of Raja Jaswant Singh II who died and was cremated at Jamrud, Khyber pass in 1678. Later, his chhatri was built at Mandor in Jodhpur, known as Jaswant Thada [3]

Architecture[edit]

The chattri is a unique blend of Mughal & Hindu architecture, a feature mostly seen in Shekhawati areas of Rajasthan. Surrounded by a rectangular baradari, the structure with twelve pillars of red sandstone is known for Jali (mesh work in stone). The stone work is similar to that at Agra Fort & is popularly known as Agra Jali.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agra: historical & descriptive, by Syad Muhammad Latif. Oriental Publishers & Booksellers, 1981. p. 192
  2. ^ Monuments of National Importance: Agra Circle #4 Jaswant SIngh Ki Chhatri, ASI Indian Archaeology Review, 1990-1991. p. 118
  3. ^ Jaswant Singh Rajasthan, Delhi and Agra, Lonely Planet by Lindsay Brown, Amelia Thomas. Lonely Planet, 2008. ISBN 1741046904. p. 313

External links[edit]