Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County

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For the historical county, see Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok (former county).
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye  (Hungarian)
Counties of Hungary
Windmill near Kengyel
A mayfly is hatching on Tisza Gallery of Szolnok)
Descending, from top: the Windmill near Kengyel village, A mayfly is hatching on Tisza, and Gallery of Szolnok
Flag of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Flag
Coat of arms of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Coat of arms
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County within Hungary
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County within Hungary
Country Hungary
Region Northern Great Plain
County seat Szolnok
Government
 • President of the General Assembly Dr. Sándor Kovács (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 5,581.61 km2 (2,155.07 sq mi)
Area rank 8th in Hungary
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 386,594
 • Rank 9th in Hungary
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Postal code 50xx – 54xx
Area code(s) (+36) 56, 57, 59
ISO 3166 code HU-JN
Website www.jnszm.hu

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². Before approximately 1990, the name of the county was Szolnok. The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 5,582 km2 (2,155 sq mi) – 6,00% of Hungary.

Neighbours[edit]

Demographics[edit]

In 2015, it had a population of 379,897 and the population density was 68/km².

Year County population[1] Change
1949 449,551 n/a
1960 Increase 461,307 (record) 2.62%
1970 Decrease 437,879 -5.08%
1980 Increase 445,624 1.77%
1990 Decrease 425,583 -4.50%
2001 Decrease 415,917 -2.27%
2011 Decrease 386,594 -7.05%

Ethnicity[edit]

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 19,000), Germans (500) and Romanians (500).

Total population (2011 census): 386,594
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[2] Identified themselves: 344 488 persons:

  • Hungarians: 323 293 (93,85%)
  • Gypsies: 18 935 (5,50%)
  • Others and indefinable: 2 260 (0,66%)

Approx. 56,000 persons in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[3]

Regional structure[edit]

District of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Jászapáti District
Jászapáti járás
544.45 33,172 61 Jászapáti 9
2 Jászberény District
Jászberényi járás
617.01 51,274 83 Jászberény 9
3 Karcag District
Karcagi járás
857.26 43,226 50 Karcag 5
4 Kunhegyes District
Kunhegyesi járás
464.58 20,045 43 Kunhegyes 7
5 Kunszentmárton District
Kunszentmártoni járás
576.49 36,147 63 Kunszentmárton 11
6 Mezőtúr District
Mezőtúri járás
725.74 28,191 39 Mezőtúr 5
7 Szolnok District
Szolnoki járás
914.48 118,241 129 Szolnok 18
8 Tiszafüred District
Tiszafüredi járás
417.05 19,559 47 Tiszafüred 7
9 Törökszentmiklós District
Törökszentmiklósi járás
464.54 36,739 79 Törökszentmiklós 7
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County 5,581.61 386,594 69 Szolnok 78

Politics[edit]

The Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 19 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11                      
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 5                      
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 2                      
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                      

Presidents of the General Assembly[edit]

Lajos Boros (MDF) 1990–1994
Imre Iváncsik (MSZP) 1994–1998
Lajos Búsi (Fidesz) 1998–2002
István Tokár (MSZP) 2002–2006
Andor Fejér (Fidesz) 2006–2010
Dr. Sándor Kovács (Fidesz) 2010–

Municipalities[edit]

Aerial photography: Szolnok - Hungary

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has 1 city with county rights (megyei jogú város), 21 towns (város), 4 large villages (nagyközség) and 52 villages (falu):

City with county rights[edit]

  • Szolnok – county seat; 72,953 (as of 2011)

Towns[edit]

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Villages[edit]

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Natives of the county include:

International relations[edit]

Mezőtúr - City hall - aerial photo

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has a partnership relationship with:[5]

See also[edit]

  • Cumans - the ancient nomadic warriors after whom the county is named

References[edit]

  1. ^ népesség.com, "Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye népessége 1870-2015"
  2. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian)
  3. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.11 Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye, (Hungarian) [1]
  4. ^ Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Megyei Közgyűlés tagjai 2014 - 2019, (Hungarian) [2]
  5. ^ A testvérmegyék rövid bemutatása (Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°15′N 20°30′E / 47.250°N 20.500°E / 47.250; 20.500