Jat states in Rajasthan

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Jat people established themselves in the Indian desert of the present-day state of Rajasthan, India, many centuries ago, although exactly when is unknown.


The region of Jangladesh in northern Rajasthan included the present-day districts of Bikaner, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Churu, Ganganagar, and Hanumangarh. According to the Suraj Mal Memorial Education Society, Jats failed to find a desirable place in south Rajasthan and north Gujarat because the regions were already inhabited by tribes such as the Rajputs, Gujjars, Bhils, Yadavs, Guhils and Mers.[1] During this period Abhiras pushed them in Rajasthan.[2][3]

Jangladesh in ancient times was inhabited by Jat clans ruled by their own chiefs and largely governed by their own customary law.[4] Whole of the region was possessed by six or seven cantons namely Punia, Godara, Saran, Sihag, Beniwal, Johiya and Kaswan. Besides these cantons there were several clan of Jat people, simultaneously wrested from Rajput proprietors for instance Bagor, Kharipatta, Mohila or Mehila, Bhukar, and Bhadu.

Name of janapada Name of King No. of villages Capital Names of districts
Sihag Chokha Singh 150 Suin Rawatsar, Baramsar, Purabsar Dandusar, Gandaisi
Beniwal Raisal Singh 150 Rasalana Bhukarka, Sanduri, Manoharpur, Kooi, Bae
Johiya Sher Singh 600 Bhurupal Jaitpur, Kumanu, Mahajan, Peepasar, Udasar
Punia Kanha Singh 300 Luddi Bhadra, Ajitpura, Sidhmukh, Rajgarh, Dadrewa, Sankhoo
Saharan Pula Singh 300 Bhadang Khejra, Phoglo, Buchawas, Sui, Badnu, Sirsila
Godara Pandu Singh 700 Shekhsar Shekhsar, Pundrasar, Gusainsar (Bada), Gharsisar, Garibdesar, Rungaysar, Kalu
Kaswan Kanwarpal Singh 100 Sidhmukh [ Makrana (jusari )] Suja kaswan

Other states in Jangladesh[edit]

  • Latiyal -Latiyal jat were live in nagaur
  • Bhadu - Bhadus were rulers in Jangladesh where they established an important city Bhadra. Samantraj was a popular ruler of Bhadus. Bhadus had a war with 'Bhagore' people and after capturing it they moved to Marwar area. Bhadus also occupied many villages in Ajmer-Merwara.
  • Bhati - Jat Bhatis ruled Bhatner, presently Hanumangarh, and Bhatinda. Bhatner was historically important because it was situated on route of invaders from Central Asia to India.
  • Bhukar - Bhukars were initially settled at Sambhar in Rajasthan. They were the rulers in this area and their ruling method was that of 'Bhomia-chor'. Gothra Bhukaran was their capital.
  • Jakhar - The king of the Jakhar clan, Jakhbhadra, settled in Jangladesh and made his capital at Reni (modern-day Taranagar). At a later date, the Jakhars established a kingdom, the ruins of which are found at Madhauli, which was in the princely state of Jaipur.
  • Sangwan - The Sangwan jats ruled at Sarsu in Jangladesh region of Rajasthan in 8th to 10th century.
  • Sahu - They have been the rulers of a small state in Jangladesh. Their capital was at village Dhansia, situated at a distance of 65 km in northwest of Churu town. There were 84 villages in their territory.,[5]

Jat states in Marwar[edit]

Jat states in Matsya region[edit]

Jat states in southern Rajasthan[edit]


  1. ^ "Rajasthan elections: Jats may hold key but won't get their own CM - Firstpost". firstpost.com. Retrieved 2015-08-22. 
  2. ^ https://books.google.com/books?ei=Bi2UTZ_JIc_rrQeUrLDjCw&ct=result&id=FGgMAQAAMAAJ&dq=abhira+afghanistan&q=abhiras
  3. ^ The Jats: their role & contribution to the socio-economic life and polity of north & north-west India, Volume 3-page-16
  4. ^ Dashrath Sharma, Rajasthan through the ages, Jodhpur, 1966, Vol. I, p. 287-288
  5. ^ Jibraeil: "Position of Jats in Churu Region", The Jats - Vol. II, Ed Dr Vir Singh, Delhi, 2006, p. 222