Etymology and origins
The name is from the Sanskrit ञठर Jaṭhara, stomach or abdomen; परिवर्तन Parivartana, to turn around; and आसन āsana, posture or seat. The pose is not found in medieval hatha yoga texts, but is described in 20th century manuals including B. K. S. Iyengar's 1966 Light on Yoga.
The full pose, sometimes called Jathara Parivartanasana B, is entered from a supine position, with the arms outspread on the ground, level with the shoulders. For the full pose, the legs are raised straight up and then lowered to one side, keeping the opposite shoulder on the ground. For an easier pose, sometimes called Jathara Parivartanasana A, the knees are bent over the body, and rotated to one side; the legs may then be straightened.
In Iyengar Yoga, the hips are moved a little away from the side the legs will descend before the rotation. A weight may be held in the hand on the opposite side. The pose may also be practised with the legs descending half-way down.
In Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga, the pose is used cautiously, in combination with deep muscle exercises, to help relieve low back pain: it is not sufficient on its own as the strength of core muscles along the spine also needs to be developed.
- Supta Matsyendrasana – a similar supine spinal twist, one leg remaining straight out on the ground
- Lidell, Lucy; The Sivananda Yoga Centre (1983). The Book of Yoga: the complete step-by-step guide. Ebury. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-0-85223-297-2. OCLC 12457963.
- "Revolved Abdomen Pose (Jathara Parivartanasana): Steps, Precautions & Benefits". www.yogawiz.com. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "Jathara Parivartanasana A". Yogapedia. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "Belly Twist (Version A) | Jathara Parivartanasana A". Yoga Basics. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- Little, Tias (20 March 2017). "Master Revolved Abdomen Pose". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- Iyengar 1979, pp. 237–240.
- Mehta 1990, p. 85.
- Steiner, Ronald (1 March 2014). "The Right Twist for a Healthy Back". Ashtanga Yoga. Retrieved 5 February 2019. Article published in Issue 32, February 2014 of Yoga Journal (Germany).