Jatropha gossypiifolia, commonly known as bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut, is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. The species is native to Mexico, South America, Gujarat State (India) and the Caribbean islands. It is a declared noxious weed in Puerto Rico and is naturalised in northern Australia, including Queensland where it is listed as a Class 2 declared pest plant. It grows to 2.5–4 m (8.2–13.1 ft) high. The three lobed leaves are purple and sticky when young and become bright green with age. The small red flowers with yellow centres appear in clusters. These are followed by cherry-sized seed pods that are poisonous. Powdery mildew fungal disease was reported.
bellyache-bush (Source: Bot J Linn Soc) - English
black physicnut (Source: pers. comm.) - English
cotton-leaf physicnut (Source: Econ Pl Aust) - English
erva-purgante (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
mamoninha (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
peão-roxo (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
pião-roxo (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
pinhão-roxo (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
raiz-de-tiu (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
piñón negro (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish Sibidigua (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish Tua Tua (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
lepro (Source: Bot H. P. Ahir ) - Gujarati (India)
jarak merah (Source: Wikipedia) - Indonesian
Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):325. 1999; Bot J Linn Soc 94:213. 1987, contains irritants; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Everist; Kingsbury; Moldenke; Lampe & McCann)
Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust)
- "Taxon: Jatropha gossypiifolia L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- "Bellyache bush". Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- Reddy, J. Raghava; Reddy, A. Purnachandra (1980). "Erysiphe euphorbiae sp. nov. On Jatropha gossypifolia L". Current Microbiology. 4 (2): 95. doi:10.1007/BF02602900.
- Media related to Jatropha gossypiifolia at Wikimedia Commons
- Jatropha gossypiifolia in West African plants – A Photo Guide.
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