Jatropha gossypiifolia

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Jatropha gossypiifolia
Bellyache Bush (Jatropha gossipifolia) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9473.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Jatropha
Species:
J. gossypifolia
Binomial name
Jatropha gossypifolia

Jatropha gossypiifolia, commonly known as bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut, is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.[1] The species is native to Mexico, South America, Gujarat State (India) and the Caribbean islands. It is a declared noxious weed in Puerto Rico and is naturalised in northern Australia, including Queensland where it is listed as a Class 2 declared pest plant.[1][2] It grows to 2.5–4 m (8.2–13.1 ft) high. The three lobed leaves are purple and sticky when young and become bright green with age. The small red flowers with yellow centres appear in clusters. These are followed by cherry-sized seed pods that are poisonous.[2] Powdery mildew fungal disease was reported.[3]

There are many common names for Jatropha gossypiifolia including: bellyache-bush, black physicnut, and cotton-leaf physicnut in English; pinon negro and tua-tua in Spanish; medicinier noir and medicinier rouge in French; mamoninha and peao-roxo in Brazil; jarak merah and sibidigua in India.[4]

Economic importance[edit]

  • Medicines: folklore[5]
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals[1]
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant[1]

Image Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Jatropha gossypiifolia". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Bellyache bush". Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  3. ^ Reddy, J. Raghava; Reddy, A. Purnachandra (1980). "Erysiphe euphorbiae sp. nov. On Jatropha gossypifolia L". Current Microbiology. 4 (2): 95. doi:10.1007/BF02602900.
  4. ^ "Jatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)". www.cabi.org. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  5. ^ Félix-Silva, Juliana; Giordani, Raquel Brandt; Silva-Jr, Arnóbio Antonio da; Zucolotto, Silvana Maria; Fernandes-Pedrosa, Matheus de Freitas (2014). "Jatropha gossypiifoliaL. (Euphorbiaceae): A Review of Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology of This Medicinal Plant". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2014: 1–32. doi:10.1155/2014/369204. ISSN 1741-427X.

External links[edit]