Jaunpuri

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Raga Jaunpuri , Jonpuri, or Javanpuri is a rāga in Hindustani classical music in the Asavari thaat. Some experts like Pandit Omkarnath Thakur consider it indistinguishable from the shuddha rishabh Asavari.[1] Its attractive swaras also make it a popular raga in the Carnatic circles with a number of compositions in South India being tuned to Jonpuri.[2]

The name of the rāga may associate it with places of this name, such as Javanpur in Gujarat, close to Saurasthra region and Jaunpur in northern Uttar Pradesh.[2]

History[edit]

Raga Jaunpuri was composed by Amir Khusro during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar.[3]

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

(the notes used in this scale are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, sadharana gandharam, sudhdha madhyamam, panchamam, kaishiki nishadham and sudhdha dhaivatham)

It is usually performed in the late morning (9AM-12 noon). The Pakad is "m P n d P, m P g, R m g"

In the Carnatic circles, Jonpuri is considered a janya rāga of Natabhairavi, the 20th Melakarta rāga.

Popular compositions[edit]

Jonpuri lends itself to songs that try to convey bhakti or a certain glorious grandeur or awe.[2]

Kritis[edit]

Composition Composer
Eppo Varuvaro Gopalakrishna Bharathi
Tapasya Kausalya
Rama mantrava Purandaradasa
Asai Mugham Marandhu Poche Bhaaratiyaar

Film songs[edit]

Thedi Vanthene Pulli Maane - Film -Mathurai Veeran

Composition Singer Film Music Director Ullamellam inba vellam MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Chintamani Gnanakann onru MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Ashok Kumar
Sathva guna bodhan MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Ashok Kumar
Innamum paramugam Velaikari S. M. Subbayya Naidu and C. R. Subbaraman
Thaai irukka pillai Velaikari S. M. Subbayya Naidu and C. R. Subbaraman
Ninaithale inikkumadi manam Radha-Jayalakshmi duo Mullai Vanam
Naan petra selvam T. M. Soundararajan Mullai Vanam
Kallile kalai vannam Seerkazhi Govindarajan Kumudam K. V. Mahadevan
Andavan darisaname T. R. Mahalingam Agasthiyar Kunnakudi Vaidhyanathan
Sonnadhu neethana P. Susheela Nenjil Or Aalayam M. S. Viswanathan – Ramamurthy
Pal pal hai bharee Alka Yagnik Swades A. R. Rahman

Health Benefits[edit]

As per Pandit Jasraj, Raga Jaunpuri is reputed to cure headaches.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rajan Parrikar, Asavari and Associates
  2. ^ a b c Mani, Charulatha. "A Raga's journey - Jaunty Jonpuri". The Hindu. 
  3. ^ a b Singh, Jujhar. "Interview with Pandit Jasraj". You Tube. Art Talk Series. Retrieved 5 September 2015.