Microsorum pteropus, commonly known as Java fern after the Indonesian island of Java (cititation needed), can be found in Malaysia, Thailand and some regions of China. It is a highly variable plant with several different geographic varieties that vary in leaf size and shape. Found in its natural habitat growing attached to roots and rocks, it can grow in both fully and partially submerged environs. The plant can propagate through small adventitious plants formed on older leaves, which attach themselves to hard substrates.
In the aquarium
Java fern is one of the most popular plants in the aquarium hobby, due to its aesthetic appeal and ease of care. Several cultivars of Java fern exist, including the "narrow leaf", "needle leaf", "Windelov", "trident", and "lance leaf" variants. Cultivation in the aquarium is usually performed by tying the rhizome to rock or driftwood, instead of planting it directly into the substrate.
- The Aquarium Wiki article on caring for Java fern in the aquarium
- Java fern (Microsorum pteropus) in its natural habitat.
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