Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
The Javan myna is sometimes included in the great myna (Acridotheres grandis) or the jungle myna (A. fuscus). The International Ornithologists' Union recommends not using the name "white-vented myna" to avoid confusion.
The Javan myna is mainly black. The wings are brownish-black, and the primaries have white bases. The undertail-coverts are white. There is a crest on the forehead. The beak and feet are yellow. The eyes are lemon-yellow. The immature is browner. Its length is 21–23 cm (8.3–9.1 in). Its weight is about 100 g (3.5 oz).
Distribution and habitat
The Javan myna is native to Java and Bali and has been introduced to southeast Thailand, southern Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, the Lesser Sundas, Taiwan, Puerto Rico, and Japan. It is found in cities and cultivated areas.
The Javan myna is omnivorous and eats seeds, fruit, nectar, insects and human waste. It is often found in large groups. Its voice is similar to that of the common myna. It builds its nest in holes. The eggs are bluish-glaucous. Javan mynas are bold and not very afraid of humans.
Relationship with humans
Javan mynas are kept in cages in Malaysia and Indonesia.
- Tasirin, Johny S.; Fitzsimons, James A. (2014). "Javan (White-vented) Myna Acridotheres javanicus and Pale-bellied Myna A. cinereus in North Sulawesi". Kukila. 18 (1): 27–31.
- Craig, Adrian; Feare, Chris (2010). Starlings and Mynas. A&C Black. pp. 151–152. ISBN 9781408135228.
- "White-vented Myna (Acridotheres javanicus)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
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