Javed Hashmi

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Makhdoom
Javed Hashmi
Javed Hashmi (cropped).jpg
Javed Hashmi in 2007
Minister for Environment and Conservation
In office
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Deputy Zahid Hamid
(Director of the EPA)
Preceded by Benazir administration
Succeeded by Salim Saifullah
Minister of Health Services
In office
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Benazir administration
Succeeded by Dr. Abdul Malik Kasi
Minister of State for the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
In office
26 May 1993 – 18 July 1993
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Minister of State for the Ministry of Youth and Student Affairs
In office
1978–1979
President Zia-ul-Haq
President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
2001–2005
Preceded by Kulsoom Nawaz
Succeeded by Nisar Ali Khan
President of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
In office
19 March 2012 – 23 September 2014[1]
Preceded by Party office established
Succeeded by Party office abolished
Personal details
Born Muhammad Javed Hashmi
(1948-01-01) 1 January 1948 (age 70)
Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Citizenship  Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
(2011–2014)
Children Bushra, Mamoona
(Daughters)
Alma mater Punjab University
(BSc, MSc, and MPhil in Poly Sci.)
Profession Lawyer, agriculturist

Javed Hashmi (pronounced [dʒæˈʋed̪hæ'ʃmɨ] (IPA: [dʒæˈʋed̪hæ'ʃmɨ] (About this sound listen))); (Urdu: مخدوم محمد جاوید ہاشمی‎; b. 1 January 1948[2]), is a Pakistani politician, political realist, and a senior conservative thinker on the platform of Pakistan Muslim League (N).[3].[4]

After serving as a cabinet minister in the Sharif's administrations in 1990s, Hashmi aligned himself on the realist school of international relations and a proponent of supporting the civilian control on the federal government and the military.:143[5] After the military takeover of the government in 1999, Hashmi reportedly exposed the Pakistan Army's misadventure in Kashmir with the Indian Army when he demanded to constitute the Commission to investigate the events implicated front role of the President Pervez Musharraf in 2003.[2] Briefly sentenced to the solitary confinement by the session court in 2004 over the allegations of treason, Hashmi's sentence was overturn by the Supreme Court when it declared his case hearings as mistrial on 4 August 2007.[6] Initially supporting the impeachment movement against Pervez Musharraf with Nawaz Sharif, he drifted apart from the PML(N) to join the Imran Khan's PTI in 2011 but was ousted after disagreeing with the demonstration against the elected government, which he viewed that it had the support from the military to destabilized the elected Sharif administration in 2014.[7][8]

Without the political support, Hashmi lost the byelection and went to join the PML(N) after reconciling his differences on the policy matters with the Nawaz Sharif in 2018. Besides his political career, Hashmi is a prolific writer on geopolitics and geostrategy, and is an author of geopolitical book, "Yes! I'm a Rebel, where he successfully calculated the danger of the foreign supported homegrown terrorism in Pakistan and precisely placing a prediction on Musharraf government's weakening the state of Pakistan.:170-175[5]

Biography[edit]

Early life, education, and student politics[edit]

Javed Hashmi was born into an agriculturist family on 1 January 1948 in Multan, Punjab in Pakistan.[9][10] Other sources noted his birthplace in Lahore with same date and year of birth[2]; though, he confirmed his date of birth and year as well as birth place on 1 January 1948 in Multan.[11] His family was known for their participation in the Pakistan Movement and was part of the Muslim League since its inception in 1906.:40[5]

After his matriculation in 1968, Hashmi went to attend the Emerson College in Multan but made a transfer to the Punjab University in Lahore in 1970, where he became involved in student politics on the platform of the Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba, the student wing of the Jamaat-e-Islami– a far right party.:48-50[12] In 1969, he secured his graduation from the Punjab University with BSc. in Political Science.[2] In 1971, he graduated with MSc in political science, and later attained MPhil in same discipline from the same institution.[10][11]

In 1972, he gained public notice when he led his student organization, the Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba, in protest of government minister involved in kidnapping of two girls at the Governor's House when Governor of Punjab, Ghulam Mustafa Khar, was hosting a state dinner in honor of President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and the visiting British minister.[12] In 1974, he ultimately led strong protests in Lahore against the decision of international recognition of Bangladesh and reportedly breached all security arrangements, to appear right in front of the motorcade of the then Saudi King Shah Faisal.[12] During this time, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto offered him to be appointed on political post at the High Commission of Pakistan in London but he denied the political appointment.[13]

In 1978, Hashmi was taken in the Zia administration as the Minister of State for Youth and Student Affairs, and was the youngest minister at the age of 29.:460[14][12] However, he later expressed his uncomfortableness with working with the uniform officials and soon departed from the administration where he began practicing law at the Lahore High Court while filling the role of agriculturist at his family farms.[12]

Public service in Pakistan[edit]

Politics and ministries in Sharif administrations: 1985–1999[edit]

During the nationwide general elections held in 1985, Hashmi returned to the national politics and successfully participated for NA-149 (Multan-II) constituency on the platform of Pakistan Muslim League (PML).[13] In 1988, he sided with the conservative faction led by its President Fida Mohammad as opposed to nationalist faction led by then-Prime Minister Mohammad Junejo.[13] Hashmi successfully defended his NA-149 (Multan-II) constituency during the general elections held in 1988 and 1990.[2] During this time, Hashmi was elevated as the Minister of State for Youth Affairs in the first administration of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.[2]

In 1993, his name was subsequently reported in the financial scandal revealed by the Federal Investigation Agency when the agency interrogated Younis Habib, the accountant with the Ministry of Defence.[2] He later expressed his regret and grief when he testified his acceptance of financial endowment from accountant Younis Habib in 1993.[2][12]

During the general elections held in 1997, Hashmi again defended his NA-149 (Multan-II) constituency and was elevated as the Minister of Health and Minister for Environment in the second administration of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and paid the state visit to Morocco in 1999.:51[15] In 1998, he visited Switzerland to attend the environmental and climate change conference but immediately return to Pakistan after learning of India's nuclear tests in Rajasthan.:128[5] In an attendance NSC meeting with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Hashmi became a war hawk and greatly spoke in favor of decision-making process of authorizing the nuclear weapons-testing, which eventually, Pakistan conducted out six nuclear weapons-testing in May 1998.:129[5] At the session at the Parliament, Hashmi reportedly led a celebration while loudly chairing and tapping from his parliament desk: "Yes! Yes!.... We have done it.!":128[5]

His tenure was abruptly ended when then-Chairman joint chiefs General Pervez Musharraf went onto impose martial law against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999, and was appointed as Party President of Pakistan Muslim League (N), which he tenured until 2005.[10]

PML(N)'s presidency, dissenting, and imprisonment: 1999–2008[edit]

After the martial law against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999, Hashmi became a vocal critic of former President Pervez Musharraf and strongly advocated for the strong civilian control of the military.[16] In 2001–04, Hashmi reportedly appealed to the Commonwealth of Nations and the European Union to play a significant political role to restore the civilian control of the federal government in Pakistan.:194-195[5] In 2001, an inquiry against his role in the Mehrangate scandal was opened by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) but was unable to produce any substantial evidence against him in the accountability courts.:2306[17]

In 2001, Hashmi led the strong conservative demonstration against President Pervez Musharraf's geostrategy on the War on Terror that led to the U.S. invasion in Afghanistan.:contents[18] During this time, Shuja'at Hussain, the head of the PMLQ) supporting President Musharraf, made an unsuccessful attempt to recruiting him and Nisar Ali Khan into his faction to provide political advocacy for President Musharraf in 2002.:32[19] In 2002, the PML(N) announced to participate in the nationwide general elections with Hashmi earning the combined nomination from the Opposition alliance in the Parliament for the Prime Minsiterialship against Mir Zafarullah Jamali of the PML(Q); Hashmi later conceded his defeat in the elections due to counting of the electoral college.[16]

On 20 October 2003, Hashmi reportedly exposed the ethical and monetary corruption in the Pakistani military when he read the letter signed by several active-duty military officers in the Army GHQ in Rawalpindi.:192[5] He immediately demanded for an active criminal investigations against the chief of army staff and criticisized President Pervez Musharraf for his presidential campaign while in the military uniform.:192[5][20] On 29 October 2003, Lt-Gen. Shahid Aziz ordered the NAB agents to detained him from the Parliament Building, and was later taken in the in custody by the Military Police on charges of inciting mutiny leveled by President Pervez Musharraf.[20] Hearings of his trials were held in the Adiala Prison and the session court at the Lahore High Court, which raised doubts among human rights groups about its fairness.[20] On 12 April 2004, he was sentenced to 23 years in prison for inciting mutiny in the military, forgery, and defamation.:contents[21]

The verdict was widely criticized in Pakistan and was considered as a wilful miscarriage of justice by the Musharraf administration, and the ARD and the MMA termed this verdict to be politically motivated by the ruling junta with malicious intent, declaring him to be a political prisoner.[13] He was transferred and held in the Central Jail Lahore where he penned and authored a critically acclaimed political book, Haan Mein Baghi Hun! (lit. Yes, I am Rebel!) where he exposed the military's intervention in the politics and the foreign relations with the United States.:170[5] He also authored the Takhtaey-e-Daar Kay Saaey Talay (lit. Under the shadow of Hanging board).[12].[16]

On 3 August 2007, a three-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan under Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry granted him bail after serving approximately three and a half years in prison.[20] On 4 August 2007, Hashmi, with among PML(N) leaders, were released but again placed under arrest at the declaration of a state of emergency on 3 November 2007[22][13]

Parliamentary politics, joining and dismissal from PTI (2008–13)[edit]

During the general elections held in 2008, Hashmi successfully defended the NA-55 (Rawalpindi-VI) constituency where he notably defeated PML(Q)'s Rashid Ahmed but decided to retain his NA-148 Constituency against the wishes of Nawaz Sharif.[7] He spoke against of the strategic partnership act offered by the United States, and released a very strong reaction on Inter Services Public Relations, which he termed the Kerry-Lugar Bill, an interference on part of Americans in country's intelligence community.[23] He reported quoted: "if there is anything that needs to be corrected, Pakistan will do it herself. Pakistan Army should stay within its limits,... We will protect our military if it ensures playing the role assigned to it."[23] Over the issue of the Memogate scandal that implicated the former President Asif Ali Zardari and Parliament's failure for its investigation, Hashmi reportedly Hashmi submitted his resignation from Parliament, claiming that "this parliament is a dummy and not passing real legislation" on 7 May 2011.[24]

On 24 December 2011, Hashmi reportedly cut his tied from the PML(N) and joined the PTI and addressed a rally in support of Imran Khan in Karachi on 25 December 2011.[25] Though, he also warned Imran Khan of his dissenting approach if Imran Khan did not deliver his party's manifesto as promised to the voters.[26][27] During the general elections held in 2013, Hashmi successfully defended the NA-48 in Islamabad, and NA-149 in Multan on PTI's platform but later relinquished the NA-48 in favor of PTI's worker.[28][29][30] He stood against Nawaz Sharif's candidacy in the National Assembly when the vote of confidence measure took place, and reportedly spoke in favor of Nawaz Sharif where he reportedly quoted in the televised conference: "Political differences aside, Nawaz is my political leader and will remain so."[7] His views subsequently blacklashed the party and was said to be at odds with core of the leadership of the PTI, Imran Khan, the Chairman, Mehmood Qureshi, Vice-chairman, and Jehangir Tarin, the Secretary-General.[7][31]

On 14 August 2014, Hashmi voiced serious and irreconcilable concerns when Imran Khan decided to lead a massive protests against alleged rigging in the general elections when the decision towards the Dharna at the Constitution Avenue in Islamabad; though he decided to address the march on Khan's request.[32][33] On 31 August 2014, Hashmi left the party in distraught and in anger when the Imran Khan's march attacked the media reporters and was violently moved towards the Prime Minister's Secretariat under Khan's orders.[34][35] On 1 September 2014, Hashmi accused the Pakistan Army of destabilizing the civilian writ of Sharif administration and wasn't well received by Imran Khan who later issued the show cause notice which results in Hashmi leaving the PTI.[36] The PTI later refused to accept his resignation instead Imran Khan ousted him from the party on 26 September 2014.[37][38]

Joining PML(N) and political positions[edit]

On 12 May 2018, Hashmi, alongside with his daughter, met with Nawaz Sharif and announced to rejoin the PML(N) after reconciling the party policy differences with Nawaz Sharif.[7][39] At this meeting, Hashmi spoke very high of Nawaz Sharif's services done to the country, and reportedly praised his elder daughter, Momoona, and Sharif's daughter, Mary'am, of supporting the political program of the party.[3]

In 1987, Hashmi successfully predicted the Russian troops retreat from Afghanistan and warming of the Indo-U.S. relations at the expense of Pakistan.:339[5] He reportedly disagreed with the Pakistan's policy on the Soviet Union, and called for strengthening relations with Russia.:3340[5]

In his book, I'm a Rebel, Hasmi is of the view towards the national conservatism and wrote a critical view on the performance military governments in Pakistan which have harmed the solidarity of his country and over dependence towards the United States for the political support for their regimes— in desperate for political legitimacy without public approvals, (military) presidents often desperately negotiate with India without formal agenda to seek peace in the region.:152[5] After learning the news of the terrorist attacks in New York in 2001, Hashmi successfully calculated of imprisonment of PML(N)'s leadership and Musharraf's providing military bases to the United States invasion of Afghanistan, and calculated precisely of Indian support for terrorist organizations in the Western Pakistan.:170-171[5] While he sided and agreed with Prime Minister Sharif's policy on India, Hashmi demanded a investigative commission against Chairman joint chiefs Gen. Pervez Musharraf over the Kargil debacle and the self-coup staged by the latter and gave strong criticism to the Lt-Gen. Ehsan ul Haq for his attempts to control the democracy.:266[5]

Personal life and health[edit]

Javed Hashmi's elder daughter, Mamoona Hashmi, is a senior leader and currently serving as the member of parliament on the PML(N)'s platform.[7] His younger daughter, Bushra, is not active in politics.[40] On 20 July 2010, Hashmi was hospitalised at Nishtar Hospital after he suffered Brain Hemorrhage, and his body also suffered stroke due to internal bleeding.[41] He was later admitted at the General Hospital for minor fever.[42] Though, his CT angiography reports came out normal.[42]

Authorship[edit]

  • Hashmi, Javed (2005). ىاں‬! ميں‬ باغىى ہوں‬ (Yes! I am Rebel). Edi. Waheed, Manzar. Lahore, Pun. Pakistan: Sager Publication. p. 409. Language: Urdu
  • Hashmi, Javed (2007), تختہ دار کے سائے تلے (Under the Shadows of Gallows). Lahore, Pun. Pakistan: Jahangir Books Publication Co. p. 311. Language Urdu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PTI Suspends Javed Hashmi As Party President". ARY News. 23 September 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Makhdoom Javed Hashmi | Former Elected Vice President of PTI and PML(n)". Story Of Pakistan. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b staff reporters, et.al (11 May 2018). "قومی خبریں - جاوید ہاشمی کی ن لیگ میں واپسی - Latest News | Daily Jang" (html). Urdu Jang (in Urdu) (491/405). Daily Jang. Daily Jang. Retrieved 11 May 2018. "میں نے اپنی اولاد کو وصیت کی ہے کہ مجھے مسلم لیگ کے پرچم میں دفن کریں .سینیئر سیاستدان مخدوم جاوید ہاشمی مسلم لیگ ن میں شامل ہوگئے "
  4. ^ Javed Hashmi announces resignation from PTI
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Hashmi, Javed (2005). Waheed, Manzar, ed. (Yes! I am Rebel) ىاں‬! ميں‬ باغىى ہوں‬ (scribd) (1st ed.). Lahore, Pun. Pakistan: Sager Publication. p. 409. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Makhdoom Javed Hashmi wins NA-149 seat". Brecorder.com. 12 May 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Niazi, Abdullah (5 December 2017). "Makhdoom Javed Hashmi: A short history of the Baghi politician". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Pakistan Today. Pakistan Today. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  8. ^ Hanif Khalid. 'Hashmi tops multiple-seat successful candidates' The News, 25 February 2008
  9. ^ "Javed Hashmi". Trending Topics in Pakistan. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Makhdoom Javed Hashmi , Profiles of Pakistan Leaders, PAKISTANI LEADERS ONLINE". www.pakistanileaders.com.pk.
  11. ^ a b "::::: Welcome | Makhdoom Muhammad Javed Hashmi ...... A Leader, A Writer". www.makhdoomjavedhashmi.com. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Allam, Muh'd. Badar (3 September 2014). "Profile: Javed Hashmi, the perennial rebel". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspapers. Dawn. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e ECP, Election Commission of Pakistan (18 February 2008). "PTI- Makhodoon Muhammad Javed Hashmi's profile". Election Commission of Pakistan. Election Commission of Pakistan. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  14. ^ Current World Leaders. International Academy at Santa Barbara. 1979. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  15. ^ Pakistan Foreign Relations. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1998. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  16. ^ a b c et.al., Staff writers at the Pakistan Leaders (18 February 2008). "PML(N)- Makhodoon Muhammad Javed Hashmi's". Pakistan Leader. Pakistan Leaders. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  17. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Report Submitted to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives and Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate by the Department of State in Accordance with Sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as Amended. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2002. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  18. ^ Sehri, Inam (2013). "Tragedy of Javed Hashmi". Judges and Generals in Pakistan (google books). Grosvenor House Publishing. ISBN 9781781482346. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  19. ^ Pakistan Political Perspective. Institute of Policy Studies. 2005. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d ECP, Election Commission of Pakistan (18 February 2008). "PML(N)- Makhodoon Muhammad Javed Hashmi's profile: Historical Background". Election Commission of Pakistan. Election Commission of Pakistan. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  21. ^ Sehri, Inam (2013). Judges and Generals in Pakistan. Cambridge, UK: Grosvenor House Publishing. ISBN 9781781482353. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  22. ^ 'Emergency may delay Pakistan poll' BBC News, 4 November 2007
  23. ^ a b "Hashmi stresses need for Parliament's supremacy". Geo TV. 8 October 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Javed Hashmi submits resignation". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Javed Hashmi of PML-N joins PTI". Dawn.Com. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  26. ^ "Javed Hashmi resigns from NA". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  27. ^ "Javed Hashmi of PML-N joins PTI". Dawn.Com. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  28. ^ Siddiqui, Shoaib-ur-Rehman. "Makhdoom Javed Hashmi wins NA-149 seat". Business Recorder.
  29. ^ "Javed Hasmi wins from NA-48 in Islamabad". The Express Tribune.
  30. ^ Naeem, Waqas. "By-election: 32 per cent turnout in NA-48 by-election". The Express Tribune.
  31. ^ "'Unhappy' Javed Hashmi reaches Multan". ARY News. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  32. ^ "Ending speculation: Hashmi agrees to lead Azadi march". The Express Tribune.
  33. ^ "Hours later, PTI's 'Azadi' march still far from Islamabad". Daily Dawn. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  34. ^ "Islamabad protests: Army is not intervening in current political crisis, Imran reiterates". The Express Tribune.
  35. ^ Boone, Jon. "Three dead and hundreds injured as Islamabad protests turn violent". The Guardian.
  36. ^ "Javed Hashmi resigns from National Assembly membership". The News International.
  37. ^ "PTI suspends Javed Hashmi as party president". The News Stribe. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  38. ^ "NA 149 constituency: Javed Hashmi humbled in Multan by-elections - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  39. ^ "Javed Hashmi rejoins PML-N". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  40. ^ Hashmi, Javed. "تختہ دار کے سائے تلے" (PDF). Jahangir Books. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  41. ^ "Javed Hashmi hospitalized over brain hemorrhage". 20 July 2010.
  42. ^ a b "Javed Hashmi recovering fast". Tribune. 20 July 2010.

External links[edit]