Javier Velásquez

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Javier Velásquez Quesquén
Premier11.jpg
Prime Minister of Peru
In office
11 July 2009 – 14 September 2010
President Alan García
Preceded by Yehude Simon
Succeeded by José Antonio Chang
President of Congress
In office
26 July 2008 – 11 July 2009
Preceded by Luis Gonzales Posada
Succeeded by Alejandro Aguinaga
Chairman of the Congress Committee on Supervision and Comptrollership
In office
26 July 2003 – 26 July 2005
Member of Congress
For Lambayeque
Assumed office
26 July 2001
Constituency Lambayeque
In office
26 July 1995 – 26 July 2000
Constituency National
Personal details
Born (1960-03-12) 12 March 1960 (age 56)
Etén  Peru
Political party American Popular Revolutionary Alliance
Spouse(s) Jenny Obando Popuche
Alma mater Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
Profession Lawyer

Ángel Javier Velásquez Quesquén (born 12 March 1960 in Etén, Peru) is a Peruvian politician. A prominent member of the Peruvian Aprista Party, he has served in Congress since 2001, previously serving from 1995 to 2000. In Alan García's second presidency, Velásquez was sworn as the third Prime Minister of Peru of the administration, succeeding Yehude Simon in 2009.[1] He resigned his post in 2010 with the intention to run for the Peruvian Aprista Party presidential nomination later that year. Although not elected as the nominee, he was part of the presidential ticket of Mercedes Aráoz until her withdrawal from the election in January 2011. In 2016, he was reelected for a fifth term in Congress, representing the Lambayeque Region for the APRA-PPC alliance.

Law career[edit]

In 1987, Velásquez graduated with a law degree from the National University Pedro Ruiz Gallo. Since that year, he has been a designate lecturer at the Higher Institute of Technology "República Federal de Alemania" in Chiclayo. From 1991 to 1992, he was head of the public register of the North Eastern region of Marañón. From 1997 to 2003 he additionally studied for a Master of Laws, focusing on Constitutional law at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. Velásquez was a lecturer (Professor) at the Private University Chiclayo in 2000/2001 and at the University of San Martín de Porres in 2006 and in 2007/2008, teaching constitutional law.

Currently he is studying to obtain a Ph.D. in Law from the prestigious National University of San Marcos in Lima.

Political career[edit]

Javier Velásquez started his career in the social-democratic Peruvian Aprista Party, serving as Secretary General of the Party's base in Lambayeque from 1992 to 1994. In 1995 he was elected to the Congress for his first five-year term, being re-elected in 2001, 2006 and 2011. From 1999 to 2004 he was Vice-Chair of the Political Commission on the Party. In June 2004 he presided the organizing committee for the XXII National Congress of the Party, at which he was elected to the national Political Steering Committee. Since March 2010 he is Chairman of the Political Commission of the Party.

Premiership[edit]

On 11 July 2009, President Alan García named him as prime minister during the controversy surrounding indigenous clashes with the government when 34 people died.[2] He was sworn-in at 8:00 pm on 12 July 2009. The appointment of Velásquez, considered a party loyalist, was seen by pundits as an attempt by García to tighten his grip on power for his final term. It is considered a reversal after appointing the leftist Yehude Simon, Velásquez's predecessor.[3] Velásquez is the third person to hold the office in nine months.[4] Garcia, whose approval rating was 21 percent,[2] also replaced the ministers of defense, justice, agriculture and the interior.[5]

Party insider[edit]

Velásquez is considered a governing party insider, having served in Congress for 20 years.[4][6] He is thought to be an adept negotiator with a powerful rhetoric in defense of his leader Alan García. He was reelected for a fifth term in Congress at the 2016 general elections.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Emery, Alex (July 11, 2009). "Peru’s Garcia Names New Cabinet Chief After June Protests". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  2. ^ a b c Aquino, Marco (July 11, 2009). "Peru's Garcia to name party insider prime minister". Reuters (Thompson Reuters). Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  3. ^ AFP (July 11, 2009). "Peru names new prime minister". AFP (Google). Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  4. ^ a b Briceno, Franklin (The Associated Press) (July 11, 2009). "Peru's leader shakes up his Cabinet amid protests". The Associated Press (Google). Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  5. ^ Aquino, Marco; Wade, Terry (July 11, 2009). "Peru's Garcia names party insider prime minister". Boston.com (Reuters via The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2009-07-11. [dead link]
  6. ^ Collyns, Dan (July 12, 2009). "Peru president reshuffles cabinet". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Luis Gonzales Posada
President of the Congress of Peru
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Luis Alva Castro
Preceded by
Yehude Simon
Prime Minister of Peru
2009–2010
Succeeded by
José Antonio Chang