Jawahar Singh

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Jawahar Singh
Maharaja
Maharaja of Bharatpur State
Reign1763–68
PredecessorMaharaja Suraj Mal
SuccessorMaharaja Ratan Singh
HouseSinsiniwar Jat Dynasty
FatherMaharaja Suraj Mal
MotherGanga dei[citation needed]

Maharaja Jawahar Singh (r. 1763–1768) (Hindi: महाराजा जवाहर सिंह) was a ruling Maharaja of the Bharatpur State. He succeeded to the throne when his father Maharaja Suraj Mal died in 1763. At the time of Maharaja Suraj Mal's death in 1763 Jawahar Singh was in Farrukhnagar.[citation needed]

The Pushkar bath by Maharani Kishori and Battle of Maonda and Mandholi[edit]

Maharani Kishori, wife of Maharaja Suraj Mal, who had adopted Jawahar Singh, was adept at political intrigues. She was pained to see that Jawahar Singh was not adopting a favourable policy towards the members of the family and the nobles. She knew that only keeping him engaged in warfare could control him. She also knew that the Rajputs of Jaipur could never tolerate this abrupt rise of Jat rule and would always resist the latter's efforts to gain power. The solution for both the problems lay in war.

Maharani Kishori expressed her desire to her proud son that she wanted to go for a sacred bath at Pushkar. Jawahar Singh pointed out that Pushkar was situated in the territory of his eternal and deadly foe, Raja Madho Singh, who would not tolerate her arrival at Pushkar with a large retinue, and advised her that if at all she were keen to go for Pushkar bath, she would go with only a few followers and Rupa Ram the Purohit.

The Rani retorted by saying that she was the mother of Jawahar Singh, and the Rani of Maharaja Suraj Mal and taking a bath like Marwari women would hurt her pride, and that she would like to take her bath along with the Rajput Ranis there.

Jawahar Singh marched to Pushkar with 60,000 Cavalry, 100,000 Infantry and 200 Cannons. With fluttering banners and beating drums they entered Jaipur territory and set up an impressive camp in the Sandy plains of Pushkar. While returning Jawahar Singh was attacked by Madho Singh in ambush, In the battle that ensued between Jaipur and Bharatpur army,There were huge losses from both sides.Only 11 tender aged members were left in the family of Raja Madho Singh. The rest lost their lives. It is said that 25,000 casualties occurred in this battle. Jawahar Singh reached Bharatpur. Both of Jats and Rajputs claimed themselves victorious in this battle, but apparently the loss did not have much of a repercussion on the strength of Jats..[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gupta, R. K.; Bakshi, S. R. (2008). Rajasthan Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 9788176258418.
  • Dr Natthan Singh: Jat – Itihas (Hindi), Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad Gwalior, 2004

3. Page 468 of Fall of the Mughal Empire Vol 2 Jadunath Sarkar, 4. page 474 of Fall of the Mughal Empire Vol 2 by Jadunath Sarkar 5. Pg 478 Fall of The Mughal Empire Vol 2 by Jadunath Sarkar 6. History of Jaipur by Jadunath Sarkar pg. 255.