Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research
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|Motto||Veritas Curat/ Satyam Mahabhejam|
Motto in English
|Established||1 January 1823|
|Endowment||₹1,000 crore (US$140 million)(2021-22 est.)|
|President||V M Katoch|
|Undergraduates||150 per year|
|Postgraduates||200 per year|
|36 per year|
|Campus||Urban, 195 acres (0.79 km2)|
The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) is a medical school located at Pondicherry, the capital of the Union Territory of Puducherry, in India. JIPMER is an Institute of National Importance (INI) and a tertiary care referral hospital that is under the direct administrative control of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India with autonomy to run its internal administration.
JIPMER, spread over a campus of 195 acres (0.79 km2), has over 300 faculty members, over 700 resident physicians and over 800 nursing, administrative and support staff. Every year, it admits 150 undergraduate students and 200 postgraduate students.
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1823: The erstwhile French India established the Ecole de Medicine de Pondichery to train French citizens in Pondichéry. It was one of the earliest institutions of tropical medicine and the teaching staff consisted of surgeons and doctors of the French navy and troupes colones. Students who were trained here were granted a diploma called Médicin Locale that allowed them to practice medicine in the colonial territories. The college then was located in the heart of the Pondicherry, opposite Le place de Gaulle, which is now the Legislative Assembly Hall.
1956: Following the de jure transfer of Puducherry to India in 1956, the Government of India took over the college and renamed it as Medical College, Pondicherry. For a short period, this was also called the Dhanvantri Medical College.
1959: The foundation stone for a new medical college building was laid at Gorimedu, on the outskirts of the town by SE Le Comte Stanislas Ostrorog, Ambassadeur de France aux Indes,
1964: Dhanvantari Medical College moved to Gorimedu, to a new campus called Dhanvantari Nagar.
1964: The institution was given its current name in honour of India's first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, as "Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research" (JIPMER), on 13 July 1964, by Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the then President of India.
1966: The main hospital block was inaugurated and the blood bank was commissioned, signalling the shift of all clinical services to the new campus.
1973: The Central Library was inaugurated
1975: The National Teacher Training Centre was established at JIPMER marking the beginning of JIPMERs involvement in training generations of medical teachers across the country.
1995: The Department of Cardiology started a Cardiac Catheterization Lab to provide interventional cardiology services.
2000: The Emergency and Trauma block was inaugurated.
2001: A separate Administrative Block was inaugurated to consolidate all offices spread across the hospital campus.
2002: The Department of Radiotherapy was upgraded as a Regional Cancer Centre. The centre now includes the Departments of Radiotherapy, Medical Oncology, and Surgical Oncology.
2006: JIPMER College of Nursing was inaugurated and started functioning.
2008: JIPMER was upgraded as an Institution of National Importance by an act of Indian Parliament.
2009: The Super Specialty Block started functioning, initially providing services from Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cardiology, Urology, and Plastic Surgery
2012: Paediatric, Obstetric and Gynaecology services moved into the JIPMER Women and Children's Hospital, which was inaugurated by Dr Manmohan Singh, the then Prime Minister of India.
The campus of JIPMER lies at the western entrance of Pondicherry and spreads across 195 acres (0.79 km2) of a picturesque hillock known locally as Gorimedu.
The campus contains the medical college, the old and new hospital blocks, student and resident hostels, staff quarters, a Kendriya Vidyalaya, a branch each of two nationalised banks, two ATM's, a post office, a temple, an auditorium - Dr APJ Abdul Kalam JIPMER Auditorium, playgrounds and sporting fields. Broad tree-lined roads crisscross the campus and the lush tropical vegetation forms a green canopy that hides most buildings on campus.
While the hospital section of the campus is typically crowded and busy, the residential part of the campus is quiet and idyllic, punctuated with small parks, hidden statues and secluded spots.
Organization and administration
The institute is headed by the Director, who is the chief executive charged with the overall responsibility of running the institute and its hospital. The Medical Superintendent helps the Director coordinate all the hospital functions pertaining to patient care. Dean (Academic) is charged with overseeing and coordinating all the academic activities of the institute including teaching, whereas Dean (Research) looks after all the research-related activities.
Principals of Dhanvantri Medical College/JIPMER, Pondicherry
- Leon Lapeyssonie—first Principal
- S Vengsarkar
- D Jagannath Reddy
- Bala Subramanian
- DB Bisht
Directors of JIPMER
- MN Ghosh—first Director
- OP Bhargava
- P Bahadur
- S Chandrasekar
- DS Dubey
- Deepak Ruhil
- KB Logani
- PH Ananthanarayanan (first JIPMER alumnus to become Director of the Institute)
- KSVK Subba Rao
- TS Ravikumar
- Subhash Chandra Parija
- Vishnu Bhatt
- RP Swaminathan
- Rakesh Aggarwal
Regional Cancer Centre
The Department of Radiotherapy at JIPMER was converted to a Regional Cancer Centre in 2002. As of 2014, the Regional Cancer Centre has two departments housed in a new building, namely Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology. Advanced radiation treatment facilities, ranging from 3D conformal radiation and IMRT to Image-guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) are available. Basic radiation facilities, such as 2D Cobalt and LINAC, HDR brachytherapy are available free to all cancer patients. Further, most of the commonly used high-cost chemotherapy drugs are also supplied free. Recently, Bone Marrow Transplantation is also being practised in this centre. RCC, JIPMER is the only hospital in southern India to provide free cancer treatment, as is also done for other advanced medical services, such as pulmonary medicine, nephrology, gastroenterology etc.
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Since its designation as an Institute of National Importance, JIPMER is a university by itself, and awards its own degrees. Prior to that, it was affiliated to Pondicherry University. It offers a number of medical, nursing and paramedical courses at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Admissions to all the courses are based strictly on merit.
The Institute conducts research in modern medicine, public health and medical education. A research council at the institute level looks after the research activities and a scientific society provides a forum for presenting research work. Numerous conferences, workshops, seminars and training courses are conducted by the institute every year. Funds for research come from intramural and extramural sources such as the ICMR, UGC, DBT, WHO, etc. The Institute's faculty, residents and students regularly publish research papers in journals of national and international repute as well as present research abstracts at national and international conferences.
JIPMER offers a variety of courses. Undergraduate courses include MBBS, BSc (Medical Laboratory Technology), BSc( Allied Medical Sciences- Cardiac Lab Technology/Dialysis/Neuro/OT), BMRSc (Bachelor of Medical Record Science). BSc (Nursing) was started in 2006. Postgraduate courses include MD, MS, and diploma in many specialties, MSc in Nursing, Medical Biochemistry and Medical Physiology and PhD in several subjects. Super-specialty courses include MCh in cardiothoracic surgery, urology, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, paediatric surgery, gastro intestinal surgery and DM in Cardiology, Neurology, Nephrology, Neonatology, Clinical pharmacology and Immunology. On January 2014 JIPMER started master's in public health course. Emergency Medical Technician course MRO and MRT.
Candidates to the courses offered at JIPMER are selected based on All-India entrance examinations. Entrance examinations are held once a year for undergraduate seats and twice a year for post-graduate seats. Calls for applications and results of these examinations (including the names of selected candidates) are announced in major national newspapers as well as on the Institute's website.
JIPMER currently admits 200 students to the MBBS course once every year through an all-India entrance examination. Some seat are reserved for Puducherry natives and Central Government nominations. Of these seats, 150 are for the Puducherry campus and 50 are for its Karaikal campus, which started in 2016.
From the year 2020, the seats will increase to allow for reservations for the economically weaker sections, and admissions will be made through the national examination (NEET) for admission to medical graduate courses in all the colleges around India.
Three-year postgraduate courses offered at JIPMER include MD in General Medicine, Emergency medicine, Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Microbiology, Physiology, Pharmacology, Paediatrics, Anaesthesiology, Dermatology, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, TB & RD and Psychiatry and MS in General Surgery, Orthopaedic Surgery, Ophthalmology, Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Anatomy. The entrance examination i.e, INI-CET has been launched since year 2020 conducted twice a year for postgraduate courses in may and in November.
Super Specialty Courses
Three year super-specialty courses are offered in Medical ( DM) and Surgical ( MCh) specialties. They include Cardiology, Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Neurology, Neuro Surgery, Nephrology, Urology, Medical and Surgical Gastroenterology, Medical Oncology, Neonatology, Clinical Pharmacology and Clinical Immunology.
PhD candidates are admitted to many departments like Public Health, Pharmacology, Biochemistry, Immunology, Microbiology etc. Admissions are based on an entrance examination conducted once every year.
Four years professional course. Admissions are based on entrance exams.
BSc ( Medical Lab Technology) and BSc ( Allied Medical Sciences)- Cardiac Lab, Anesthesia, OT, Dialysis and Neuro - Technology courses) 3 year. Admissions are based on entrance exams.
MSc (Medical Biochemistry and Medical Physiology). Admissions are based on entrance exams.
|University and college rankings|
|Medical – India|
|Outlook India (2019)||5|
|The Week (2019)||3|
JIPMER was ranked fifth among medical colleges in India in 2019 by Outlook India and third by The Week. It was ranked 8th among medical colleges in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2020.
JIPMER has started the work of its second superspeciality block (SSB-II), JIPMER International School of Public-health. JIPMER is partnering with other institutions, including Harvard School of Public Health, to exchange faculty, educational tools, research and data on public health. JIPMER's tie-up with the Harvard School of Public Health is part of the larger MoU between the American medical school and the Indian ministry of health and family welfare. JIPMER has also started the works of offsite hospital in Karaikal.
The Telemedicine Services centre of JIPMER entered into collaboration with Seoul National University Bundang Hospital (SNUBH), South Korea and has started using Trans-Eurasia Information Network (TEIN).Since, JIPMER is a Member of TEIN Network, the hospital can interact and share knowledge with European and Asian Countries. To begin with, on 15 February 2016 the personnel of JIPMER interacted over Video Conferencing using TEIN Network with Seoul National University Bundang Hospital (SNUBH) South Korea. JIPMER thus became the first centre to use the Telemedicine services for the purpose. The Trans-Eurasia Information Network (TEIN) uses the ICT technologies to increase regional cooperation with Asian countries and to bridge the digital divide of less developed regions. It connects universities and research institutions with high capacity Internet network to increase the exchanges of knowledge among them and make big international research projects real.
The students union is the "JIPMER Students Association" (JSA). Representatives of the student body are elected annually in a campus-wide election. A similar, albeit smaller, body exists for the postgraduate students and residents and is called the JIPMER Resident Doctors’ Association (JRDA).
JIPMER alumni, especially those who have graduate from the MBBS course, have formed several vibrant alumni communities and organizations.
- The largest is an online virtual community called Jipmernet where alumni from all over the globe are active participants.
- The oldest alumni organization is the JIPMER Alumni Association (JAA) that organizes an annual meet the first weekend of August at JIPMER that is attended by alumni from India and abroad.
- Regional alumni organizations include the JIPMER Alumni Association of North America (JAANA), the JIPMER Alumni Association of the United Kingdom (JAAUK) and the JIPMER Alumni Association of North India (JAANI).
- Paramasivam Natarajan, photochemist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (1984) awardee
- K R Balakrishnan, heart surgeon, performed the first permanent artificial heart transplant in India with HeartMate II LVAD
- List of medical colleges in India
- List of medical schools
- Medical college in India
- Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
- Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences
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