Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (Delhi)

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Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium
जवाहरलाल नेहरू स्टेडियम
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium CWG opening ceremony.jpg
Full name Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium
Address Pragati Vihar
New Delhi
Delhi 110003
Location New Delhi, India
Public transit Delhi Metro logo.svg Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium metro
Owner Sports Authority of India[1]
Capacity 60,000
Field size 106 m x 68 m
Surface Grass, All-weather running track
Construction
Built 1982
Opened 1983
Renovated 2010
Construction cost ₹961 crores
USD $ 150 million (In 2017)
EUR € 126 million (In 2017)
Architect Gerkan, Marg and Partners
Schlaich Bergermann & Partner
Tenants

Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is the national stadium of India, located in Delhi.[2] It is named after the first Prime Minister of India. It is a 60,000 seat stadium, designed and constructed to meet the international standards for stadiums set by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC), the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) and the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). In terms of seating capacity, it is the fourth largest stadium in India, 27th largest stadium in Asia and the 103rd largest stadium in the world.

The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium was constructed by the Government of India to host the athletic events and ceremonies of the 1982 Asian Games.[3] It also hosted the 1989 Asian Championships in Athletics. The stadium was renovated for the 2010 Commonwealth Games, hosting the track and field events and opening and closing ceremonies.[4] The cost of the renovation was around US$150 million, making it as the most expensive stadium ever built in India and South Asia.

The stadium was redesigned by the German architectural companies Gerkan, Marg and Partners and Schlaich Bergermann & Partner.[5] The stadium is a part of the Jawaharlal Nehru sports complex which houses the headquarters of the Sports Authority of India, the field arm of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and Indian Olympic Association.[6]

The stadium is used by the Indian national football team for international competition and Indian Athletics. Since 2014, It has also been the home ground of the Indian Super League football club Delhi Dynamos. The stadium hosted some matches of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup.[7] The stadium can also hold concerts with up to 100,000 spectators, and due to its oval shape, it is suitable to host other sporting events such as cricket.

History[edit]

The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium was constructed by the Government of India to host the 1982 Asian Games. A total of 3,411 athletes from 33 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in these games, competing in 196 events in 21 sports and 23 disciplines. This was the first Asian Games to be held under the aegis of the Olympic Council of Asia. The stadium hosted the athletic events and opening and closing ceremonies. The capacity of the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium was 78,000 during the games.[3]

The stadium also hosted the 1989 Asian Championships in Athletics. 19 nations participated in the championships.

Renovation[edit]

Exploded view of the stadium's layers
A view of construction work of the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, in New Delhi on June 13, 2008

Delhi was selected as the host city of the 2010 Commonwealth Games on 14 November 2003 during the CGF General Assembly in Montego Bay, Jamaica, defeating bid from Hamilton, Canada.[8] In 2006, the Indian government decided to renovate the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium for the Commonwealth Games.

The Indian government chose the design of the German architectural company Gerkan, Marg and Partners.[5] Renovation of the stadium started in 2007. Nearly 4,000 construction workers worked on the stadium in double shifts. The remodelled stadium was inaugurated on 27 July 2010.[9] The stadium was given a new roof, improved seating, and other facilities to meet international standards as it hosts the athletic events and the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.[4] The capacity of the stadium was reduced from 78,000 to 60,254. The cost of the renovation was around US$150 million (₹961 crores).[10]

The 53,800 m² Teflon-coated roof, designed by the German structural engineering and consulting firm Schlaich Bergermann & Partner, was built at a cost of US$48 million (₹308 crores).[11] Taiyo Membrane Corporation supplied and installed the PTFE glass fibre fabric roof.[12] It is the one of the largest membrane roof system in the world. 8,500 tonnes of steel were used in the construction of the stadium's roof and its support structure. The support structure for the new roof is similar to London's Olympic Stadium. In case of emergency, the construction allows spectators to evacuate within 6 minutes.

A new Electro-Voice professional audio system by Bosch Communications was set up in the stadium.[13] A new 10-lane synthetic track, synthetic warm-up track, and a synthetic lawn ball field were added. A 400-metre warm-up track was also constructed. A 150 metre long tunnel was constructed for the opening and closing ceremonies. The design is similar to Foshan Stadium in China, built by the same designers.

Two new venues were constructed next to the stadium for the Games: four synthetic greens for the lawn bowls event and a 2,500-seat gymnasium for the weightlifting event. The stadium is a part of the Jawaharlal Nehru sports complex which houses the headquarters of the Sports Authority of India, the field arm of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and Indian Olympic Association.[14]

2010 Commonwealth Games[edit]

2010 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium

Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium was the main venue for the 2010 Commonwealth Games. It hosted the opening and closing ceremonies as well as athletics events for the games. The stadium underwent massive redesign and reconstruction for the biggest multi-sport event hosted by India to that date. It was opened to the general public on 27 July 2010.[15]

In July 2010, the first-ever Asian All Asian Athletics Championship was held. Over 1,500 students from schools came to see the event. The opening ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games has been held. Security for the ceremony used NSG, CRPF and Delhi police personnel. Tickets were checked by electronic ticket checking machine similar to the ones used in the Delhi Metro. There are over 350 CCTV cameras in the venue. Delhi was closed, in the sense that all the malls, shops, offices, and call-centers in Delhi were closed before and during the ceremony.

Football[edit]

I League matches have also been played here. The stadium was the main venue for the 2011 South Asian Football Federation Cup.

On 10 January 2012, the Government of India, and Audi, co-hosted a friendly football exhibition match between the Indian National Football Team and Bayern Munich at Jawaharlal Nehru stadium. In this one-sided affair, the German club has defeated Indian team by 4-0 in front of 30,000 spectators. This was the farewell match to Baichung Bhutia as Indian National Football Team captain.

Since 2014 Indian Super League season, it has been home ground for Delhi Dynamos FC.[16]

The stadium hosted 8 matches (including 2 Round of 16 matches) of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup.[7]

At the end of 2017–18 Indian Super League season, the football pitch in the stadium was named as "Best Pitch" in the league by ISL itself.[17]

Home of Indian National Football Team[edit]

Aerial image of Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium

The Indian team will play its home matches in the Nehru Stadium after it was handed over by Sports Ministry to the AIFF.[18] India's first match in the new stadium was to be played against UAE in 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification play-off in July 2011.[19] However, this match was shifted to Ambedkar Stadium because of the unplayable conditions at the Nehru stadium.[20] The 2011 SAFF Cup was held here from 2 - 11 Dec 2011, with the Indian team emerging victorious. The 2012 Nehru Cup was held from 23 August to 2 September at this venue.[21]

Concerts[edit]

The stadium played host to Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on 30 September 1988. The show was headlined by Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, and also featured Sting and Peter Gabriel, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N'Dour, and Ravi Shankar.

The project was led and managed by Mr. Ramji Lal from CPWD.

Michael Jackson was scheduled to perform 2 concerts at the stadium in December 1993 as a part of his Dangerous World Tour. Some tickets were also sold. This would have been the first time Jackson would have performed in India. MTV India and other T.V. channels played Jackson's music videos months before the concert which created mass hysteria and anticipation in the public for the concerts and Jackson's visit to India. Both the concerts were expected to be sold out. These two concerts were scheduled to be the last performances of the tour. Unfortunately the concerts in Delhi along with the dates for Indonesia and Australia were cancelled due to Jackson's health problems.

Cricket[edit]

The Stadium has hosted two One Day International matches featuring India against Australia in 1984 which incidentally, was the first day night one day international in India.[22] and South Africa in 1991, again the fixture being a day night one (also being the second ever day-night cricket match in India) . Batsman Kepler Wessels played in both the matches but for different countries and scored 107 for Australia and 90 for South Africa.[23]

A special feature of the ground was the running track being used as a part of the cricket playing area, which the ICC playing regulations eventually discontinued and thus the stadium was felt no longer suitable for cricket.

ODI matches hosted[edit]

Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Year
 India  Australia  Australia By 48 runs 1984
 India  South Africa  South Africa By 8 wickets 1991

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sportsauthorityofindia.nic.in/index1.asp?ls_id=511
  2. ^ "Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Delhi: Know More About Stadium Capacity, History, Events & Recent Matches Played". www.sportskeeda.com. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  3. ^ a b "Olympic Council of Asia : 1982 Asian Games, New Delhi". www.ocasia.org. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  4. ^ a b "Jawaharlal Nehru Sports Complex | XIX Commonwealth Games 2010 Delhi". d2010.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
  5. ^ a b "Jawaharlal Nehru Stadion in New Delhi". gmp Architekten von Gerkan, Marg und Partner. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  6. ^ "Sports Authority Of India" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-13.
  7. ^ a b FIFA.com. "FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017 - Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
  8. ^ "The Hindu : India to host 2010 Commonwealth Games". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  9. ^ "Remodelled Nehru Stadium inaugurated". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2010-07-27. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  10. ^ "CWG scam: New stadium costs Rs 84 cr, JLN renovation Rs 961 cr!". The Economic Times. 2010-08-04. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
  11. ^ "JNS Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium". www.sbp.de. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  12. ^ Duttagupta, Ishani (2010-10-03). "Taiyo designs & installs tensile membrane for stadia". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  13. ^ Rahul Tripathi (5 October 2010). "JNS audio system heard loud and clear". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  14. ^ India, Sports Authority of. "Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium". sportsauthorityofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  15. ^ "Jawaharlal Nehru Sports Complex | XIX Commonwealth Games 2010 Delhi". d2010.thecgf.com. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  16. ^ www.indiansuperleague.com. "ISL - Indian Super League | Salt Lake Stadium, Kolkata". www.indiansuperleague.com. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  17. ^ "ISL season awards".
  18. ^ "Nehru stadium to turn into football hub: Maken". The Times of India. 15 April 2011.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
  20. ^ "Indian National Team: Ambedkar Stadium To Host India V UAE 2014 World Cup Qualifier". Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  21. ^ "2011 SAFF Championship Stadium Guides: New Delhi – Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium - Goal.com". Goal.com. 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  22. ^ Wisden Almanack
  23. ^ Wisden Almanack 1991

External links[edit]

Preceded by
National Stadium (Thailand)
Bangkok
Asian Games
Main Venue

1982
Succeeded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Preceded by
National Stadium (Singapore)
Singapore
Asian Athletics Championships
Main Venue

1989
Succeeded by
Stadium Merdeka
Kuala Lumpur
Preceded by
Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne
Commonwealth Games
Opening ceremonies
Main Venue

2010
Succeeded by
Celtic Park
Glasgow
Preceded by
Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne
Commonwealth Games Athletics competitions
Main venue

2010
Succeeded by
Hampden Park
Glasgow

Coordinates: 28°34′58″N 77°14′04″E / 28.582873°N 77.23438°E / 28.582873; 77.23438