|Gmina||Jawor (urban gmina)|
|• Mayor||Emilian Bera|
|• Total||18.8 km2 (7.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Jawor [ˈjavɔr] (German: Jauer) is a town in south-western Poland with 24,347 inhabitants (2006). It is situated in Lower Silesian Voivodeship (from 1975–1998 it was in the former Legnica Voivodeship). It is the seat of Jawor County, and lies approximately 61 kilometres (38 mi) west of the regional capital Wrocław.
The name of the city Jawor comes from the Polish word for "sycamore". The earliest recorded name dates from 1133 when the city was written down as Jawr and in 1203 as Jawor. Till 16th century the name was written down in Latin in various forms such as: Iavor, Iavr, Javr, Javor, Jaur, Jaura, Jawer, Jauor. Polish form Jawor was continued to be used, for example in painting from 1562 located in church of St.Martin .Other form Iawor is recorded in document from 1248 and in document from 1277 the name Iaver is used. In 1295 in the latin work Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis city is noted as Jawor.In 1475 Latin Statuta Synodalia Episcoporum Wratislaviensium as Jaworensis.
The German name Jauer is a germanized version of the original slavic name, and by 1750 Polish name Jawor was still used in Polish language by Prussian authorities.The German name became official after 1763 and Prussian-Austro war.
Prior to 1945 it had been part of Poland, Bohemia, Austria, Prussia, and Germany. After World War II the region became part of Poland again as per the Potsdam Agreement. The German population either fled or were expelled and Polish citizens, some of whom had been expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union, became the majority.
- Nicholas Magni (1355–1435), theologian
- Christoff Rudolff (1499-1545), author of the first German textbook on algebra
- Heinrich Gottfried von Mattuschka (1734–1779), German botanist
- Gerhard Bersu (1889-1964), German archeologist
- Max Otto Koischwitz (1902–1944), Nazi propagandist
- Heinz Finke (1920–1996), German officer
- Wilhelm Ebstein (1836-1912), doctor who described the heart disorder Ebstein's anomaly
- Janusz Krasoń (born 1956), Polish politician
- Elżbieta Witek (born 1957), Polish politician
- Aleksander Śliwka, (born 1995) Polish volleyball player
- Jan Rybotycki: Jawor od zarania dziejów do roku 1263. Jawor: 1984.
- Wznowione powszechne taxae-stolae sporządzenie, Dla samowładnego Xięstwa Sląska, Podług ktorego tak Auszpurskiey Konfessyi iak Katoliccy Fararze, Kaznodzieie i Kuratusowie Zachowywać się powinni. Sub Dato z Berlina, d. 8. Augusti 1750.
- Mazurak M, Kusa J (2017). "The Two Anomalies of Wilhelm Ebstein". Tex. Heart. Inst. J. 44 (3): 198–201. doi:10.14503/THIJ-16-6063. PMC 5505398. PMID 28761400.
- Official site
- Local flags
- Jewish Community in Jawor on Virtual Shtetl
- Church Of Peace in Jawor - photo gallery
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