Jay Dardenne

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Jay Dardenne
Jay Dardenne Feb 2013.jpg
Louisiana Commissioner of Administration
Assumed office
January 11, 2016
Governor John Bel Edwards
Preceded by Stafford Palmieri
53rd Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
In office
November 22, 2010 – January 11, 2016
Governor Bobby Jindal
Preceded by Scott Angelle
Succeeded by Billy Nungesser
Secretary of State of Louisiana
In office
November 10, 2006 – November 22, 2010
Governor Kathleen Blanco
Bobby Jindal
Preceded by Al Ater
Succeeded by Tom Schedler
Member of the Louisiana Senate
from the 16th district
In office
Preceded by Kenneth Osterberger
Succeeded by Bill Cassidy
Personal details
Born John Leigh Dardenne Jr.
(1954-02-06) February 6, 1954 (age 63)
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Cathy McDonald
Children John
Alma mater Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge (BA, JD)

John Leigh Dardenne Jr., known as Jay Dardenne (born February 6, 1954), served as the 53rd Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, from 2010 to 2016. A Republican, he won a special election for lieutenant governor held in conjunction with the regular November 2, 2010 general election. At the time, Dardenne was Louisiana secretary of state. Formerly, Dardenne was a member of the Louisiana State Senate for the Baton Rouge suburbs, serving from 1992 until his election as secretary of state on September 30, 2006.

Political overview[edit]

Dardenne was reelected to a full term as secretary of state in the October 20, 2007, nonpartisan blanket primary. He received 758,156 votes (63 percent) to 373,956 (31 percent) for the Democrat R. Rick Wooley. A "No Party" candidate, Scott Lewis, received the remaining 64,704 votes (5 percent). Dardenne won fifty-eight of the state's sixty-four parishes. He outpolled gubernatorial candidate Bobby Jindal, a fellow Republican, in raw votes and won sixty-one parishes to Jindal's sixty.[1]

On November 2, 2010, Dardenne was elected lieutenant governor, having defeated opponent Caroline Fayard, a young Democrat originally from Denham Springs, in the 2010 State of Louisiana elections.[2] Tom Schedler, Dardenne's chief deputy in the secretary of state's office, succeeded him in performing the responsibilities of the secretary of state when Dardenne was sworn in as lieutenant governor.[3]

Dardenne polled 719,243 votes (57 percent) to Fayard's 540,633 (43 percent). Dardenne won most of the sixty-four parishes but lost Orleans, Caddo, and St. Landry.[4]

Personal information[edit]

Dardenne is the son of John Leigh Dardenne, Sr. (1913-1990), and the former Janet Lucille Abramson (c. 1919-2016). The couple is interred at the Menachim Aveilim Cemetery in Lafayette, Louisiana. Dardenne has a brother, Richard Dardenne and his wife, Marilyn, of Fort Worth, Texas.[5] Dardenne is a maternal nephew of the late surgeon, Dr. Samuel L. Abramson (1917-1997) of Marksville and later Lafayette, a conservative who ran in 1972 as the American Party candidate against Democrat Gillis William Long and the Republican Roy C. Strickland for the United States House of Representatives from Louisiana's 8th congressional district, since disbanded.[6]

Dardenne and his wife, the former Catherine "Cathy" McDonald (born 1955), have two sons, John Dardenne of Los Angeles, California, and Matthew Dardenne of Baton Rouge.[7] Dardenne is Jewish[8] and the first known Jewish state constitutional officer in Louisiana since U.S. Senators Judah P. Benjamin and Benjamin F. Jonas in the 19th century.[9] Buddy Caldwell, Louisiana's previous attorney general, is also Jewish[10] and was first elected to that statewide position in 2007,[11] a year after Dardenne was elected to fill an unexpired term for secretary of state. Dardenne is a graduate of Baton Rouge High School and Louisiana State University, from which he obtained a Bachelor of Arts in journalism. He procured a degree too from the Louisiana State University Law Center. He was elected student body president while at LSU.[7]

Dardenne speaking to the Hammond Chamber of Commerce luncheon in the Twelve Oaks Cafeteria at Southeastern Louisiana University on the topic of Louisiana's historical political figures.

Dardenne is active in social and civic endeavors in his native Baton Rouge and through non-profit organizations throughout Louisiana. He volunteers with the Muscular Dystrophy Association, the annual Labor Day Telethon, the Cerebral Palsy Foundation, and the River City Festivals Association. He serves as chairman of the U.S. National Senior Sports Classic (the Senior Olympics) and has served as president of ten non-profit organizations in the greater Baton Rouge Community.[7]

Dardenne has won "Dishonorable Mentions" for his entries in the 2008 Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest, a competition where contestants submit bad opening lines to imaginary novels.[12] Dardenne also won the Most Vile Pun award in the contest.[13]

State senator[edit]

In 1987, Dardenne narrowly lost his first race for the District 15 state Senate seat to the Democrat Larry S. Bankston, one of three sons of former Democratic state party chairman and centenarian Jesse Bankston.[14] Dardenne then won an election for a seat on the East Baton Rouge Metropolitan Council and held that seat until 1992.[15]

In 1991, Dardenne ran the District 16 seat in the state Senate vacated by the retiring Democrat-turned-Republican Kenneth Osterberger. In the primary, Dardenne trailed fellow Republican Lynda Imes, the District 8 member of the East Baton Rouge Metro Council. However, in the general election, Dardenne defeated Imes.[16] Dardenne quickly gained a reputation as a champion of reform and a thorn in the side of Democratic Governor Edwin Washington Edwards. However, few of his reform proposals were enacted.[17]

Following the election of Republican Murphy J. "Mike" Foster, Jr., as governor in 1995, Dardenne became the governor's floor leader and began to pass landmark legislation. He continued to push unsuccessfully for reforms in the administration of Foster's successor, Democrat Kathleen Babineaux Blanco. He did help pass constitutional amendments on term limits, coastal erosion, and victims' rights. He worked for the creation of a single State Board of Ethics, spearheading reform of the river pilots' system, and reducing government waste as the chairman of the Louisiana Senate Finance Committee.[7] In 2003, Dardenne was named the "National Republican Legislator of the Year".[7]

Secretary of state candidacy and transition[edit]

Dardenne ran in the September 30 special election to complete the term vacated by the death of former Secretary of State W. Fox McKeithen, a fellow Republican who died in the summer of 2005. McKeithen had been temporarily succeeded by his friend, former Democratic State Representative Al Ater of Ferriday in Concordia Parish, at the time an assistant secretary of state under McKeithen, who chose not to run for the post in the special election.[18]

The major candidates in the race were Dardenne, Democratic state Senator Francis C. Heitmeier of New Orleans and Republican former State Chairman Mike Francis of Lafayette and Crowley.[19] The race was characterized by attacks on Dardenne from Francis (both taking pro-life positions) over predominantly social issues, including a vote that Dardenne cast in the 1990s for language in the federal Hyde Amendment which allows for federally funded abortions in the case of rape or incest. These exceptions have been included since 1977 in response to women's rights advocates, while abortion opponents argue that they punish the unborn for the crimes of the fathers. Dardenne maintained that his vote was required to allow the flow of Medicaid funds into Louisiana.[20]

Despite these attacks, Dardenne was able to project himself as the candidate of reform in the race, and racked up huge numbers of votes in the Baton Rouge area, the suburbs of New Orleans and even into the heavily Democratic city of New Orleans itself. He campaigned in North Louisiana with assistance of Aubrey W. Young, a former state official and grass roots organizer originally from Monroe whose service dated back to the role of aide de camp under Governor John J. McKeithen, the father of Fox McKeithen.[21]

Dardenne received 30 percent of the vote in the primary; Heitmeier, 28 percent, and Francis, 26 percent. Minor candidates took the rest of the vote. A Dardenne v. Heitmeier runoff loomed.[19] Francis chose not to endorse either candidate and stated his intentions to run for the seat in the 2007 regular election.[22] Francis did not seek the position in the primary held on October 20, 2007. About two weeks into the special election runoff campaign, Heitmeier withdrew. He cited the fact that his New Orleans black voter base had been decimated because of Hurricane Katrina. He said that without help from national Democrats, victory over Dardenne would be impossible. Perhaps, his action was premature in light of the national Democratic sweep in the 2006 midterm elections.[23]

Dardenne, Francis, and two minor Republican candidates together received 54 percent of the vote in the city of New Orleans, the power base for the state Democratic Party. Two months earlier, two Republican candidates for mayor of New Orleans together barely polled 10 percent of the vote.[24]

Secretary of state[edit]

Secretary of state Jay Dardenne with TeamCPX in Fireball Run 2008.

Shortly after becoming secretary of state, Dardenne announced that he would personally participate in anti-litter efforts even though such activities are not within the domain of his office. Dardenne told the Press Club of Baton Rouge that he saw too much litter as he traveled the state in his campaign for secretary of state. "The landscape of our state is ... a window to the world. Anything we can do to call attention to this problem, we will do", Dardenne said.[25]

He also successfully pushed to cancel admission fees to the Louisiana State Exhibit Museum in Shreveport and the Old State Capitol and Old Arsenal Museum in Baton Rouge, saying that the financial loss from museum fees will be absorbed in his departmental budget through other cost reductions and that "people ought to be able to enjoy museums free of charge."[26] Dardenne has promoted tourism through his office and has taken a special interest in the creation of the Delta Music Museum and the companion restoration in 2008 of the Arcade Theatre in Ferriday.[citation needed]

Dardenne pushed for election reform. He opposes the establishment of satellite voting areas throughout the state and elsewhere for Hurricane Katrina evacuees. Dardenne proposed that poll commissioner fees be increased, election day hours be shortened, and an early voting period to compensate for the reduced hours on election day.[27]

Dardenne also objected to widespread satellite voting for Katrina evacuees on the basis that it would impose an overwhelming and impossible burden on election workers, stating that "if this bill passes, you are saying to them [election workers], you have to run an additional election for Orleans Parish. The 2006 mayoral race received special consideration because no other elections were held on that day. Dardenne did support the reinstatement of absentee voting provisions from the election.[28] In December 2007, Dardenne named a former state Senate colleague, Tom Schedler of St. Tammany Parish, a Republican, as his chief deputy. In 2008, Dardenne was mentioned as a possible United States Senate candidate against incumbent Democrat Mary Landrieu, but the Republican candidate was State Treasurer John N. Kennedy, a Democrat who switched to the GOP before qualifying for reelection in 2007.[citation needed]

Lieutenant governor[edit]

On February 12, 2010, Dardenne announced his intention to run for Lieutenant Governor[29] in the special election held on October 2. Leading a multi-candidate field with 28% of the ballots cast, Dardenne advanced to face Democrat Caroline Fayard, a previously political unknown who enjoyed the backing of former U.S. President Bill Clinton and trailed with 24% of the vote. The two were to meet in the November 2 general election. Three other Republican candidates were eliminated in the primary — singer Sammy Kershaw (19%), St. Tammany Parish President Kevin Davis (8%), and Louisiana Republican Party state chairman Roger F. Villere, Jr. (4%) — along with Democrat Butch Gautreaux (4 percent), then a Louisiana state senator. Kershaw, Davis, and Villere endorsed fellow Republican Dardenne, as Gautreaux supported fellow Democrat Fayard.[30][31] Results of the primary election—in the cases of Kershaw, Gautreaux, and Davis—were localized. Kershaw's appeal was in his home base of Acadiana and in rural areas where Country music is popular. Gautreaux's vote was largely in a radius around Morgan City. Davis won a strong plurality, 47 percent, in his home parish of Saint Tammany. Kershaw's rural appeal helped him carry 31 of the 64 parishes, more than any other candidate.[32]

Louisiana Lieutenant Governor Jay Dardenne (left) spoke on January 19, 2012, to the Hammond Chamber of Commerce, which met in Southeastern Louisiana University's Twelve Oaks Cafeteria. His presentation included popular songs associated with historic Louisiana political figures. The Lieutenant Governor's office is heavily involved in marketing the state for tourism. Dardenne believes that an untapped potential for Louisiana is to attract tourists on the basis of political legends. He recounted examples of humorous statements by former governors and State Senator Dudley J. LeBlanc, originator of Hadacol patent medicine.

Republican chairman Villere's endorsement of Dardenne, which came after months of criticizing the frontrunner, was met with incredulous statements like those of political scientist Pearson Cross of the University of Louisiana at Lafayette:

Maybe he thinks that you can at the end of the day say, "Well, we just need to all come together." It just seems odd.[33]

Dardenne and Fayard appeared on the October 15 episode of the news magazine Louisiana: The State We're In televised by Louisiana Public Broadcasting and in an October 22 forum sponsored by the Baton Rouge League of Women Voters.[34]

On October 4, 2010, Southeastern Louisiana University political scientist Michael Kurt Corbello summarized the runoff election between veteran officeholder Dardenne and political newcomer Fayard as "a very interesting, competitive race."[35]

Political columnist John Maginnis joked that

Dardenne, rather, needs to raise the stakes of this election, emphasizing experience and readiness. Otherwise, should this become a beauty contest, he's got problems.[36]

The runoff campaign soon turned controversial as Dardenne described Fayard as a supporter of U.S. President Barack H. Obama, a proponent of gay marriage, and an opponent of the death penalty, while Fayard, who was 32 years of age and had never held political office, countered that Dardenne represented "the same old crowd" of Louisiana politics.[37]

Stephanie Grace offered an explanation for Dardenne's emphasis on national political themes as an accommodation to the Tea Party movement in the backdrop of their having worked to defeat Hunt Downer, a veteran officeholder upset by a newcomer, Jeff Landry, in Louisiana's 3rd congressional district's 2010 Republican primary.[38] For further information about the 2010 election, please see Louisiana state elections, 2010#Lieutenant Governor.

2011 reelection[edit]

The 2011 regular election for a four-year term as lieutenant governor was similarly raucous, as Dardenne was challenged by fellow Republican Billy Nungesser, president of Plaquemines Parish and the son of the late former Republican Party state chairman William A. Nungesser.[39] In a low-turnout race, Dardenne defeated Nungesser, 504,228 votes (53.1 percent) to 444,750 ballots (46.9 percent).[40]

In 2012, Dardenne complained of the lack of funds needed for tourism advertising, a main prerogative of the lieutenant governor's office in Louisiana. On June 15, 2012, Governor Jindal used his line item veto to strip $2 million for tourism advertising from Dardenne's office budget. Jindal also took aim at more than $500,000 from the departmental operating funds of Louisiana State Treasurer John N. Kennedy.[41]

2015 governor's race[edit]

Dardenne ran for governor of Louisiana in the October 24, 2015 primary election but finished in a fourth place with 166,553 votes (15 percent). The contest then headed to a November 21 general election between the top vote-getter, Democrat John Bel Edwards, a state representative from Tangipahoa Parish, and his distant runner-up, Republican U.S. Senator David Vitter. Louisiana Public Service Commissioner Scott Angelle, Dardenne's predecessor as lieutenant governor, ran third but fell 41,200 votes short of obtaining a general election berth to the second-place candidate, Senator Vitter. Dardenne in turn trailed Angelle by more than 48,300 votes.[42]

On November 5, Dardenne endorsed Democrat Edwards in the general election race against Dardenne's intraparty rival, David Vitter. He made the announcement at "Free Speech Alley" in front of the LSU Student Union building in Baton Rouge.[43] Dardenne's backing of Edwards drew fire from state Republican chairman Roger Villere and Reince Priebus, the chairman of the Republican National Committee, who termed the endorsement a betrayal: "You cannot claim to be a conservative fighter for Louisiana principles and publicly endorse an Obama liberal like Mr. Edwards," the two chairmen wrote.[44] Edwards went on to win the election with more than 56 percent of the vote [45]

Shortly after his election as governor, John Bel Edwards announced that Dardenne would become the new commissioner of administration.

Election history[edit]

Louisiana State Senate, District 15, 1987

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 24, 1987

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Larry S. Bankston Democrat 15,401 (46%) Runoff
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican 10,313 (31%) Runoff
Johnny H. Dykes Democratic 3,790 (11%) Defeated
"Chuck" Hall Republican 2,046 (6%) Defeated
Others n.a. 2,063 (6%) Defeated

Second Ballot, November 8, 1987

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Larry S. Bankston Democratic 12,619 (51%) Elected
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican 12,332 (49%) Defeated
East Baton Rouge Metropolitan Council, District 12, 1988

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 1, 1988

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican 5,596 (62%) Winner
Craig S. Watson Democratic 2,175 (24%) Defeated
"Pam" Atiyeh Republican 1,005 (11%) Defeated
Mike Kolakowski Democratic 285 (3%) Defeated
Louisiana State Senate, District 16, 1991

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 19, 1991

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Lynda Imes Republican 21,679 (48%) Runoff
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican 18,642 (42%) Runoff
Francis Pellegrin Republican 2,098 (5%) Defeated
Others n.a. 2,391 (5%) Defeated

Second Ballot, November 16, 1991

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican 26,120 (52%) Elected
Lynda Imes Republican 23,934 (48%) Defeated
Louisiana State Senate, District 16, 1995
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican Unopposed
Louisiana State Senate, District 16, 1999
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican Unopposed
Louisiana State Senate, District 16, 2003

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 4, 2003

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Jay Dardenne Republican 34,679 (78%) Elected
Chris Warner Republican 9,758 (22%) Defeated
Secretary of State of Louisiana, 2006

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, September 30, 2006

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
"Jay" Dardenne Republican 191,562 (30%) Runoff
Francis C. Heitmeier Democratic 179,153 (28%) Runoff
"Mike" Francis Republican 168,185 (26%) Defeated
Mary Chehardy Republican 56,225 (9%) Defeated
Others n.a. 48,802 (13%) Defeated

Second Ballot, November 7, 2006

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
"Jay" Dardenne Republican Elected
Francis C. Heitmeier Democratic Withdrawn
Secretary of State of Louisiana, 2007

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 20, 2007

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
"Jay" Dardenne Republican 757,821 (63%) Elected
"R." Rick Wooley Democratic 374,199 (31%) Defeated
Scott Lewis Independent 64,723 (5%) Defeated
Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, 2010

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 2, 2010

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
"Jay" Dardenne Republican 180,944 (28%) Runoff
Caroline Fayard Democratic 159,507 (24%) Runoff
"Sammy" Kershaw Republican 126,166 (19%) Defeated
Kevin Davis Republican 51,542 (8%) Defeated
James "Jim" Crowley Democrat 51,461 (8%) Defeated
Others n.a. 85,496 (13%) Defeated

Second Ballot, November 7, 2010

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
"Jay" Dardenne Republican 719,271 (57%) Elected
Caroline Fayard Democratic 540,649 (43%) Defeated
Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, 2011

Threshold > 50%

First Ballot, October 22, 2011

Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
John L. "Jay" Dardenne, Jr. Republican 504,228 (53%) Elected
Billy Nungesser Republican 444,750 (47%) Defeated

All election results taken from the Louisiana Secretary of State website


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  3. ^ Anderson, Ed (2010-11-03). "Dardenne tops Fayard in lieutenant governor race: He rolls up big victory after intense campaign". Times-Picayune (Metro Edition). p. A14. Retrieved 2010-11-03. 
  4. ^ "Louisiana general election returns, November 2, 2010". Louisiana secretary of state. November 4, 2010.  line feed character in |publisher= at position 11 (help)
  5. ^ "John Leigh Dardenne". Findagrave.com. Retrieved March 7, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Janet Abramson Dardenne". Findagrave.com. Retrieved March 7, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Campaign Website
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  9. ^ Jewish Virtual Library, https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/jonas.html. Earlier, prior to the American Civil War, Louisiana was represented in the U.S. Senate by Judah P. Benjamin, who became a cabinet officer in the Confederate government and, after the war, fled to England.
  10. ^ "Candidate bio: James "Buddy" Caldwell". Shreveport Times. 2007-10-03. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  11. ^ "Candidate bio: Jay Dardenne". 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  12. ^ http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/scott.rice/blfc2008.htm
  13. ^ http://www.225batonrouge.com/news/2006/dec/28/secretary-state-jay-dardenne/
  14. ^ November 8, 1987 Election Results, Secretary of State website, http://www.sos.louisiana.gov:8090/cgibin/?rqstyp=elcms3&rqsdta=112187[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ October 1, 1988 Election Result, sos.louisiana.gov; accessed January 26, 2015.
  16. ^ November 16, 1991 Election Results, Secretary of State website[permanent dead link]; accessed January 26, 2015.
  17. ^ Shuler, Marsha. "Jay Dardenne: Served as outsider, insider". Advocate. Baton Rouge. Retrieved January 26, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Mike Francis for Secretary of State". Ouachita Citizen. 2006-09-19. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  19. ^ a b September 30, 2006 Election Results, Secretary of State website
  20. ^ The Dead Pelican News Alert, thedeadpelican.com; accessed January 26, 2015.
  21. ^ "Johnny Gunter, "Young legacy to go beyond politics", April 10, 2010". Monroe News Star. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Mike Francis won't back Jay Dardenne's runoff effort", KATC-TV website; accessed January 26, 2015.
  23. ^ "Heitmeier Surrenders Secretary of State", Louisiana Political Report], newshorn.com; accessed January 26, 2015.
  24. ^ April 22, 2006 Election Results, Secretary of State website; accessed January 26, 2015.
  25. ^ "Politics Notebook for Feb. 11". Advocate. Baton Rouge, LA. Retrieved January 26, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Free admission offered at three major state museums", Alexandria Daily Town Talk; accessed January 26, 2015.
  27. ^ New Orleans Times-Picayune, State needs more than 5,000 poll commissioners, by Ed Anderson, http://www.jaydardenne.com/node/102
  28. ^ "Dardenne objects, but La. House panel OKs more satellite voting", KATC-TV website; accessed January 26, 2015.
  29. ^ Staff. "Jay Dardenne announces candidacy for lieutenant governor". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  30. ^ Anderson, Ed (2010-10-08). "Dardenne, Fayard garner ex-rivals' endorsements: Two left in race for lieutenant governor". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). p. A3. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  31. ^ Anderson, Ed (2010-10-09). "Davis endorses his GOP ex-rival: Dardenne vying for lieutenant governor". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). p. A4. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  32. ^ Tidmore, Christopher (2010-10-11). "Louisiana Lt. Governor's Race: Dardenne Vs. Fayard Is Gender, Party, Region Showdown". BayouBuzz News. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  33. ^ Deslatte, Melinda (2010-10-11). "Analysis: GOP leader creates division as candidate". Daily Comet. Lafourche Parish, Louisiana. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  34. ^ "Forums to feature race between Dardenne, Fayard". Times-Picayune (Metro Edition). 2010-10-10. p. A6. Retrieved 2010-10-10.  The Louisiana Public Broadcasting forum, actually videotaped on October 8, was announced by Bob Neese; the League of Women Voters' spokeswoman was Jean Armstrong.
  35. ^ Anderson, Ed (2010-10-04). "Lieutenant governor race is down to two: Jay Dardenne and Caroline Fayard". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). p. A2. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  36. ^ Maginnis, John (2010-10-13). "A historic race for lieutenant governor". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). p. B7. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  37. ^ Anderson, Ed; Moller, Jan (2010-10-20). "Dueling ads air in lieutenant governor race". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). p. A3. Retrieved 2010-10-20.  Cf.Anderson, Ed (2010-10-18). "Race for state's No. 2 office heats up: Dardenne, Fayard start trading barbs". Times-Picayune (Metro Edition). pp. A1, A4. 
  38. ^ Grace, Stephanie (2010-10-19). "Partisan divide comes late to Louisiana". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). p. B5. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  39. ^ Anderson, Ed (2011-10-01). "Dardenne-Nungesser slugfest is second to none on ballot: Duel makes race for governor looktame". Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition). pp. A1, A4. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  40. ^ "Louisiana primary election returns, October 22, 2011". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Michelle Milhollin, "Jindal slashes funding for state treasurer: Jindal's 'streamlining' efforts trim critics' funding"". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Results for Election Date: 10/24/2015". Louisiana Secretary of State. Retrieved October 25, 2015. 
  43. ^ Greg Hilburn (November 5, 2015). "Republican Dardenne endorses Democrat Edwards". The Shreveport Times. 
  44. ^ Greg Hilburn (November 5, 2015). "Dardenne endorses Edwards, called traitor by GOP". The Shreveport Times. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  45. ^ "John Bel Edwards: Democrat’s victory over David Vitter in governor race stuns deep-red Louisiana". The Independent. Retrieved November 11, 2015. 
Louisiana Senate
Preceded by
Kenneth Osterberger
Member of the Louisiana State Senate
from the 16th district

Succeeded by
Bill Cassidy
Political offices
Preceded by
Al Ater
Secretary of State of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Tom Schedler
Preceded by
Scott Angelle
Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
Succeeded by
Billy Nungesser