Jay Lefkowitz

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Jay Lefkowitz

Jay Lefkowitz (born 20 November 1962) is an American lawyer. He is a senior partner at the Kirkland & Ellis law firm, and he also served as President George W. Bush's Special Envoy for Human Rights in North Korea.

Career[edit]

Lefkowitz is a graduate of Columbia University and Columbia Law School.[1] Earlier in the George W. Bush administration, Lefkowitz was general counsel in the Office of Management and Budget and later deputy director of domestic policy at the White House. He crafted Bush's policy on stem cell research.[2] After leaving the White House in 2003, he was twice offered West Wing jobs.[citation needed]

Lefkowitz also serves as a Lecturer in Law at Columbia Law School, in which capacity he teaches a seminar on the Supreme Court.[3] This seminar uses a simulation method whereby students act in the roles of Supreme Court justices hearing cases and writing opinions in cases currently pending before the Court.[4]

Lefkowitz was also Director of Cabinet Affairs and Deputy Executive Secretary to the Domestic Policy Council for President George H.W. Bush. Near the end of the Cold War, Lefkowitz was active in the movement to allow Soviet Jews or "Refuseniks" to emigrate from the Soviet Union.[citation needed]

Government Service[edit]

Lefkowitz is credited as, while serving as General Counsel in the White House's Office of Management and Budget, having been the architect of President George W. Bush's decision to allow federal money to pay for some amount of research on stem cells from human embryos.[5]

North Korea[edit]

As envoy for North Korean human rights, Lefkowitz referred to the North Korean government as a "criminal regime," criticized those who provide Pyongyang with assistance, and urged that China respect the rights of North Korean refugees.[6]

Notable Litigation[edit]

In two major cases before the Supreme Court of the United States, Pliva Inc. v. Mensing, (564 U.S. 604 (2011) and Mutual Pharmaceutical Co. v. Bartlett, 570 U.S. 472 (2013), Lefkowitz succeeded in persuading the Supreme Court that because federal law absolutely demands that generic drugs precisely follow the FDA-approved labels of the related brand-name drug produced by another manufacturer, states may not impose liability on generic manufacturers who do nothing but use the labels federal law requires them to use.[7][8]

In 2007/2008, in the course of serving as a criminal defense lawyer for sex-offender Jeffrey Epstein, Lefkowitz negotiated a deal with prosecutor Alexander Acosta.[9] Acosta would later come under attack for having made this agreement with Epstein's defense lawyers, and pressure connected with whether the deal was in the best interest of the prosecution led Acosta to resign his position as Secretary of Labor in 2019.[10]

In Corber v. Xanodyne Pharmaceuticals Inc., the Ninth Circuit, sitting en banc, ruled in favor of Lefkowitz’s client, Teva Pharmaceuticals.[11] Hundreds of plaintiffs had brought actions against Teva in various California state courts and had asked that the cases be coordinated before one state court judge “for all purposes.” The defendants sought to remove the cases to federal court pursuant to the Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”), on the ground that the plaintiffs had proposed a joint trial.  But the District Court and a three-judge panel of the Ninth Circuit held that the cases were not removable because the plaintiffs had not explicitly asked that the cases be tried together, which is essential to the definition of a removable “mass action” under CAFA. The Ninth Circuit granted en banc review and ruled in favor of Lefkowitz’s client, that the plaintiffs’ request for coordination “for all purposes” necessarily encompassed a request for a joint trial. Hence, the case was properly removed to federal court.[12]

In Association for Accessible Medicines v. Frosh,  Lefkowitz secured a major victory on behalf of his client in the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.[13] During its 2017 legislative session, the State of Maryland had passed a law prohibiting a manufacturer or wholesale distributor from “engag[ing] in price gouging in the sale of an essential off-patent or generic drug.” Md. Code Ann. Health Genera; § 2-802(a). The Court ruled that the statute violated the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution because a state may not regulate transactionS that occur completely out of that state. In the case of the Maryland statute, the state statute was impermissibly regulating transactions between manufacturers and distributors that took place wholly outside of Maryland.[14]

Notable Pro Bono Representation[edit]

Lefkowitz has been deeply involved in the pro bono representation of New York parents who assert that the teacher-tenure system in place has led to inadequate education for countless students across the State because it often precludes dismissal of ineffective teachers.[15] In 2018, a New York appellate court ruled that the case could go on, rejecting the State's argument that some changes the New York legislature had enacted necessarily served to solve the problems.[16] Following that decision, Lefkowitz stated, “New York’s constitution guarantees all children in the state a sound basic education, and the current teacher employment statutes are simply failing our children by keeping ineffective teachers in our public schools,” . . . This decision will finally allow us to get the evidence from the State that will vindicate the rights of parents and children across the state.”[17]

In 2013-14, Lefkowitz provided pro bono representation to a group of chassidic storekeepers who had posted signs on their stores with a dress code involving modest clothing. The New York Commission on Civil Rights imposed significant daily fines on the storekeepers, asserting that the dress code constituted gender-based discrimination even though it applied to both men and women, and even though dress codes that actually do distinguish between genders are prevalent in many settings, including the courts and restaurants.[18] On the eve of trial, following a ruling in the storekeepers' favor by the administrative judge, the Commission agreed to abandon its efforts to prosecute the storeowners [19]

Writings[edit]

In 2014, Lefkowitz authored an article for Commentary titled "The Rise of Social Orthodoxy: A Personal Account."[20] The article describes a phenomenon in which some adherents of Jewish modern orthodoxy are motivated to adhere to certain ritual practices by a strong desire to belong to a social group with traditions, as opposed to being motivated by a commitment to abide by God's commandments and demands. Indeed, some members of the group, even those who pray regularly, may not even believe in a God who issues such decrees. The article triggered considerable critical response from some Orthodox rabbis and leaders.[21][22] Commentary published a series of letters about the article, accompanied by Lefkowitz's response to each letter.[23]

In 2009, Lefkowitz authored an article in Commentary titled "AIDS and the President--An Inside Account." Based on his service as Deputy Domestic PolicyAdviser to President George W. Bush, Lefkowitz provides an account of the events leading to the United States making financial contributions of an unprecedented scope to the international fight against AIDS. Rebutting claims that President Bush was making token contributions just for show, Lefkowitz describes his observations of the President's deep moral commitment to fighting the epidemic, even to the point of providing funding to organizations that also perform abortions--something that drew bitter opposition from some core conservative groups.

Other[edit]

President George W. Bush appointed Lefkowitz to serve on the Honorary Delegation to accompany him to Jerusalem for the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the State of Israel in May 2008.[24]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jay Lefkowitz". Columbia Law School. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  2. ^ [1] Stem Cells and the President--An Inside Account, by Jay P. Lefkowitz
  3. ^ "Jay Lefkowitz". Columbia Law School. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  4. ^ "L8661 S. Supreme Court". Columbia Law School. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  5. ^ "Jay P. Lefkowitz?".
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ "Actavis Elizabeth, L.L.C. v. Mensing". SCOTUSblog. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  8. ^ "Mutual Pharmaceutical Co. v. Bartlett". SCOTUSblog. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  9. ^ Brown, Julie (November 29, 2018). "How a future Trump Cabinet member gave a serial sex abuser the deal of a lifetime". Miami Herald. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  10. ^ CNN, Maegan Vazquez and Jim Acosta. "Acosta resigns amid furor over Epstein plea deal". CNN. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  11. ^ "FindLaw's United States Ninth Circuit case and opinions". Findlaw. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  12. ^ "FindLaw's United States Ninth Circuit case and opinions". Findlaw. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  13. ^ "Association for Accessible Medicines v. Frosh" (PDF).
  14. ^ "Association for Accessible Medicines v. Frosh" (PDF).
  15. ^ "Campbell Brown Take on Teacher Tenure in New York".
  16. ^ "Davids v State of New York". Justia Law. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  17. ^ "Case challenging teacher tenure in New York will go on, despite union's objections". Chalkbeat. 2018-03-29. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  18. ^ "New York City Battles Ultra-Orthodox Store Owners on Modesty Signs". Tablet Magazine. 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  19. ^ "Williamsburg store owners allowed to demand modest dress code". Brooklyn Eagle. 2014-01-23. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  20. ^ Lefkowitz, Jay P. "The Rise of Social Orthodoxy: A Personal Account". Commentary. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  21. ^ "The Problem With 'Social Orthodoxy' in Judaism". Tablet Magazine. 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  22. ^ jackbieler (2016-07-12). "Thoughts on "Social Orthodoxy"". Rabbi Yaakov Bieler. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  23. ^ Readers, Our. "Is 'Social Orthodoxy' Orthodox?". Commentary. Retrieved 2019-07-21.
  24. ^ Lake, Eli; May 13, Staff Reporter of the Sun |; 2008. "Bush Visit May Boost Olmert". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2019-07-25.