Jay Peak (Vermont)
Jay Peak in January, with an aerial tramway car visible to the right of the summit
|Elevation||3,862 ft (1,177 m)|
|Prominence||2,952 ft (900 m)|
|Listing||#8 New England Fifty Finest
#81 New England 100 Highest
|Location||Orleans County, Vermont|
|Topo map||USGS Jay Peak|
|Easiest route||maintained hiking trail|
Jay Peak is a mountain located about 5 mi. (8 km) south of the United States-Canada border, in Jay and Westfield, Orleans County, Vermont, of which it is the highest point. Most of the mountain is in Jay Peak State Forest. The mountain is named for the town of Jay in which much of the mountain except the peak area is located. The town of Jay, in turn, is named for the First Chief Justice of the United States and local landholder, John Jay. It is part of the northern Green Mountains. The mountain is flanked to the southwest by Big Jay, and to the north by North Jay Peak (3,438 ft / 1,048 m).
The mountain is in the watershed of the Missisquoi River, which drains into Lake Champlain, thence into Canada's Richelieu River, the Saint Lawrence River, and into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The south side of the mountain drains into Jay Brook, thence west into the Trout River and the Missisquoi River. The northwest side of the mountain drains into Black Falls Brook, and thence into the Trout River. The north and northeast sides of the mountain drain east into the Jay Branch of the Missisquoi River.
The Jay Peak Resort is on the northeast side of Jay Peak.
In the mid 1950s brothers Ernest W. Gilpin and Wallace H. Gilpin, both state legislators and newspaper men, began and achieved their campaign to construct a highway over Jay Peak, to connect Troy to Montgomery. The Starr family of Troy donated portions of land for the right-of-way for the Vermont Route 242 construction.
The peaks across the highway to the south are named for the brothers Gilpin, "Gilpin Mountain," a stone monument was dedicated to them and sits at the main entrance to the Jay Peak Resort at the highway.