Jaya Bachchan

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Jaya Bachchan
Jaya B Big B’s birthday.jpg
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
July 2004
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Jaya Bhaduri

(1948-04-09) 9 April 1948 (age 73)
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
Political partySamajwadi Party
(m. 1973)
RelationsSee Bachchan Family
ChildrenShweta Bachchan Nanda
Abhishek Bachchan
ResidenceJalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India[1]
  • Actress
  • politician
Awards• 9 Filmfare Awards
Padma Shri (1992)

Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born 9 April 1948) is an Indian actress and politician. Known primarily for her work in Hindi and Bengali cinema, she is noted for reinforcing a natural style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema.[2][3] She has received several accolades, including nine Filmfare Awards and the Padma Shri, the fourth-highest civilian honour awarded by the Government of India.[4]

Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she collaborated in several films thereafter. She was noted for her refreshing performances in films like Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She starred alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in several films, including Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975). The cult film Sholay (1975) saw her playing the lauded role of a young widow.

Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, she restricted her work in films, notably appearing in Nauker (1979) and Silsila (1981). After a 17-year sabbatical, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998). She has since appeared in the critically-acclaimed films Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003). She is a member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, serving four terms since 2004.


Acting career[edit]

Jaya Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwarya Rai

Jaya Bachchan is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India. She first starred in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee.She then appeared in two more Bengali films: a 13-minute short Suman,[5] and the comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), where she played the role of Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.[6]

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune and graduated with the gold medal.[7] Hrishikesh Mukherjee cast her in Guddi (1971), to play the eponymous role of a petite school-girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra.[8] Guddi was a commercial success,[6] and created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. While she did venture out to play glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972)[2] and a semi-negative character of an amnesia-faking heroine in Anamika (1973), she was most recognised for her roles epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee.[9] These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972).[8][10] They also made her a star.[6]

In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.[11]

She first acted with Amitabh Bachchan in Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year.[6] When Amitabh had faced a string of flops and most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim–Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she agreed to step in. The film turned out to be a big hit creating Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image.[12] All their successive films as a pair were huge hits - Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Jaya Bachchan with her husband Amitabh Bachchan in 2002

Her daughter Shweta was born around the time Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children, making an exception for Yash Chopra's Silsila (1981), once again opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap of 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.. She also starred in Karan Johar's ensemble family melodrama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Johar's tearjerking romantic comedy-drama, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003) playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, both of which earned her the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.[13] She starred with her son Abhishek in Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).

In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities.[14]

Political career[edit]

Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006.[15] She got a second term from June 2006[16] till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[17][clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party. Also, she campaigned for All India Trinamool Congress during 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.

Personal life[edit]

Early years and family[edit]

Bhaduri is daughter of Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a journalist, author, and poet and his wife, Indira.

On 3 June 1973, she married Amitabh Bachchan. The couple have two children: Shweta Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda,[18] while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.[19]

Drona speech controversy[edit]

Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of Drona in the second half of 2008 was criticised by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please excuse us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.[20]

Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologised in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theatres screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticised her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.[21]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Civilian Awards[edit]

Filmfare Awards[edit]



  • 1972 – Best Actress – Guddi
  • 1972 – Best Actress – Uphaar
  • 1974 – Best Actress – Koshish
  • 1976 – Best Actress – Mili
  • 1982 – Best Actress – Silsila

International Indian Film Academy Awards[edit]


Other film awards[edit]


Honours and recognitions[edit]


Year Film Co-Star Other notes
1963 Mahan - Bengali film
1971 Guddi Samit Bhanja Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Dhanyee Meye - Bengali film
Uphaar Swaroop Dutt Filmfare Special Award; Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Janani Unknown Bengali film
1972 Jawani Diwani Randhir Kapoor
Bawarchi Rajesh Khanna
Parichay Jeetendra
Bansi Birju Amitabh Bachchan
Piya Ka Ghar Anil Dhawan
Annadata Anil Dhawan
Ek Nazar Amitabh Bachchan
Samadhi Dharmendra
Koshish Sanjeev Kumar Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Shor Manoj Kumar
Jai Jawan Jai Makan Unknown
1973 Gaai Aur Gori Shatrughan Sinha
Anamika Sanjeev Kumar
Phagun Vijay Arora
Zanjeer Amitabh Bachchan
Abhimaan Amitabh Bachchan Filmfare Award for Best Actress (tied with Dimple Kapadia for Bobby)
1974 Aahat - Ek Ajib Kahani Vinod Mehra Due to Some Reasons film Released in 2010
Dil Diwana Randhir Kapoor
Kora Kagaz Vijay Anand Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Naya Din Nai Raat Sanjeev Kumar
Doosri Sita Romesh Sharma
1975 Mili Amitabh Bachchan Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Chupke Chupke Amitabh Bachchan
Sholay Amitabh Bachchan
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Danny Unreleased
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete Guest
1979 Nauker Sanjeev Kumar Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1981 Silsila Amitabh Bachchan & Shashi Kapoor Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1995 Akka Amitabh Bachchan Marathi film
1998 Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Anupam Kher Filmfare Special Award
2000 Fiza - Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2001 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Amitabh Bachchan Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2002 Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe -
Desh - Bengali film
2003 Kal Ho Naa Ho - Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag Anupam Kher
2008 Lovesongs:Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow -
Drona -
2010 Aap Ke Liye Hum None
2011 Meherjaan Humayun Faridi Bengali / Bangladeshi film
2013 Sunglass Naseeruddin Shah Bengali / Hindi film
2016 Ki & Ka Amitabh Bachchan
2022 Rocky Aur Rani Ki Prem Kahani Dharmendra


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  2. ^ a b Gulzar, p. 457
  3. ^ Somaaya, Bhaawana (22 December 2000). "His humility appears misplaced". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 March 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
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  5. ^ "Excerpt: When Jaya Bhaduri Won Over Acting Guru Roshan Taneja". TheQuint. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d Dawar, p. 56
  7. ^ Gulzar, p. 526
  8. ^ a b Banerjee, p. 93
  9. ^ Gulzar, p. 91
  10. ^ Gulzar, p. 396
  11. ^ Maheshwari, Belu (23 August 1998). "I will not allow anyone to dictate terms to me". The Tribune. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Another time, another wedding". The Telegraph. 22 April 2007.
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  18. ^ Singh, Sanghita (18 May 2002). "Nikhil Nanda: The business of life". The Times of India.
  19. ^ "Interesting Facts and Figures : Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan". Sindh Today. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013.
  20. ^ "Jaya Bachchan's controversial clip". Rediff. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  21. ^ "Raj Thackeray: I accept Amitabh's apology". Rediff. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
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External links[edit]