|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Assumed office |
9 April 1948
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
|Political party||Samajwadi Party|
|Relations||See Bachchan Family|
|Residence(s)||Jalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Alma mater||Film and Television Institute of India|
|Awards||• 9 Filmfare Awards|
• Padma Shri (1992)
Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born 9 April 1948) is an Indian actress and politician. She is a member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, serving four terms since 2004. Known primarily for her work in Hindi and Bengali cinema, she is noted for reinforcing a natural style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema. She has received several accolades, including nine Filmfare Awards and the Padma Shri, the fourth-highest civilian honour awarded by the Government of India.
Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she collaborated in several films thereafter. She was noted for her performances in films like Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974). She starred alongside Amitabh Bachchan in several films, including Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975) and Mili (1975). The cult film Sholay (1975) saw her playing the much-lauded role of a young widow.
Following her marriage to Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, she restricted her work in films, notably starring in Nauker (1979) and Silsila (1981). After a 17-year sabbatical, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's independent drama Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998). She has since played emotionally troubled mothers in the commercially successful dramas Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003).
Jaya Bachchan is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India. She first starred in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee.She then appeared in two more Bengali films: a 13-minute short Suman, and the comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), where she played the role of Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.
Inspired by her experience with Ray, she joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune and graduated with the gold medal. Hrishikesh Mukherjee cast her in Guddi (1971), to play the eponymous role of a petite school-girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra. Guddi was a commercial success, and created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. While she did venture out to play glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972) and a semi-negative character of an amnesia-faking heroine in Anamika (1973), she was most recognised for her roles epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee. These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972). They also made her a superstar.
In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as disabled people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.
She first acted with Amitabh Bachchan in Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B. R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year. When Amitabh had faced a string of flops and most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim–Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she agreed to step in. The film turned out to be a big hit creating Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image. All their successive films as a pair were huge hits - Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).
Her daughter Shweta was born around the time Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children, making an exception for Yash Chopra's Silsila (1981), once again opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.
After a gap of 17 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She also starred in Karan Johar's ensemble family drama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Johar's romantic comedy-drama, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, both of which also earned her the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She starred with her son Abhishek in Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).
In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities.
Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006. She got a second term from June 2006 till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party. Also, she campaigned for All India Trinamool Congress during 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.
- Parliamentary Committee assignments
Early years and family
Jaya Bhaduri was born into a Bengali Brahmin family and is the daughter of Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a journalist, author, and poet and his wife, Indira. She studied at St Joseph's Convent School, Bhopal and graduated from Film and Television Institute of India in Pune.
On 3 June 1973, she married Amitabh Bachchan. The couple have two children: Shweta Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda, while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.
Drona speech controversy
Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of Drona in the second half of 2008 was criticised by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please forgive us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologised in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theatres screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticised her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.
Jaya Bachchan has been elected 4 times as Rajya Sabha MP.
|1.||2004||2006||MP (1st term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh (by-poll)||SP|
|2.||2006||2012||MP (2nd term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh||SP|
|3.||2012||2018||MP (3rd term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh||SP|
|4.||2018||Present||MP (4th term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh||SP|
Awards and recognitions
Major film awards
|1972||Filmfare Awards||Special Award||Uphaar||Won|
|1998||Special Award||Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa||Won|
|2001||Best Supporting Actress||Fiza||Won|
|2002||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Won|
|2004||Kal Ho Naa Ho||Won|
|2007||Lifetime Achievement Award||—||Won|
|2001||International Indian Film Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actress||Fiza||Won|
|2002||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Won|
|2004||Kal Ho Naa Ho||Won|
Other film awards
- 1972 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards – Special Award (Hindi Film) – Guddi
- 1999 – Anandalok Awards – Special Editors' Award
- 2001 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards – Best Supporting Actress – Fiza
- 2001 – Zee Cine Award for Best Supporting Actress – Fiza
- 2002 – Sansui Viewers Choice Awards for Best Supporting Actress – Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...
Honours and recognitions
- 1994 – Yash Bharti Award, Uttar Pradesh's highest award from the Government of Uttar Pradesh
- 2000 – Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image Award for her "abiding contribution to Cinema"
- 2004 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Sansui Awards
- 2010 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the "Tongues On Fire" Film Festival in London
- 2012 – Lifetime Achievement Award at Jaipur International Film Festival (JIFF)
- 2013 – Master Deenanath Mangeshkar (Vishesh Puraskar) Award for her dedicated services to Indian theatre and cinema
|1971||Guddi||Nominated – Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|Dhanyee Meye||Bengali film|
|Uphaar||Filmfare Special Award|
Nominated – Filmfare Award for Best Actress
|Piya Ka Ghar|
|Koshish||Nominated – Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|Jai Jawan Jai Makan|
|1973||Gaai Aur Gori|
|Abhimaan||Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|1974||Aahat - Ek Ajib Kahani||Released in 2010|
|Kora Kagaz||Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|Naya Din Nai Raat|
|1975||Mili||Nominated – Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|1977||Abhi To Jee Lein||Unreleased|
|1978||Ek Baap Chhe Bete||Guest appearance|
|1979||Nauker||Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|1981||Silsila||Nominated – Filmfare Award for Best Actress|
|1998||Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa||Filmfare Special Award|
|2000||Fiza||Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|2001||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|2002||Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe|
|2003||Kal Ho Naa Ho||Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|2007||Laaga Chunari Mein Daag|
|2008||Love Songs : Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow|
|2010||Aap Ke Liye Hum|
|2011||Meherjaan||Bengali language Bangladeshi film|
|2016||Ki & Ka||Guest appearance|
|2023||Rocky Aur Rani Ki Prem Kahani|
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