Jaya Bachchan

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Jaya Bachchan
Jaya Bachchan at Neil Nitin Mukesh's wedding reception enhanced.jpg
Bachchan in 2017
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
July 2004
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Born
Jaya Bhaduri

(1948-04-09) 9 April 1948 (age 74)
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
Political partySamajwadi Party
Spouse
(m. 1973)
RelationsSee Bachchan Family
ChildrenShweta Bachchan Nanda
Abhishek Bachchan
Parents
  • Taroon Bhaduri (father)
  • Indira Bhaduri (mother)
Residence(s)Jalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India[1]
Alma materFilm and Television Institute of India
Occupation
  • Actress
  • politician
Awards• 9 Filmfare Awards
Padma Shri (1992)
Signature

Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born 9 April 1948) is an Indian actress and politician. She is a member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, serving four terms since 2004. Known primarily for her work in Hindi and Bengali cinema, she is noted for reinforcing a natural style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema.[2][3] She has received several accolades, including nine Filmfare Awards and the Padma Shri, the fourth-highest civilian honour awarded by the Government of India.[4]

Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she collaborated in several films thereafter. She was noted for her refreshing performances in films like Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She starred alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in several films, including Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975) and Mili (1975). The cult film Sholay (1975) saw her playing the much-lauded role of a young widow.

Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, she restricted her work in films, notably appearing in Nauker (1979) and Silsila (1981). After a 17-year sabbatical, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998). She has since appeared in the critically acclaimed films Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003).

Career[edit]

Acting career[edit]

Jaya Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwarya Rai

Jaya Bachchan is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India. She first starred in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee.She then appeared in two more Bengali films: a 13-minute short Suman,[5] and the comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), where she played the role of Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.[6]

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune and graduated with the gold medal.[7] Hrishikesh Mukherjee cast her in Guddi (1971), to play the eponymous role of a petite school-girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra.[8] Guddi was a commercial success,[6] and created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. While she did venture out to play glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972)[2] and a semi-negative character of an amnesia-faking heroine in Anamika (1973), she was most recognised for her roles epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee.[9] These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972).[8][10] They also made her a superstar.[6]

In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as disabled people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.[11]

She first acted with Amitabh Bachchan in Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B. R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year.[6] When Amitabh had faced a string of flops and most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim–Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she agreed to step in. The film turned out to be a big hit creating Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image.[12] All their successive films as a pair were huge hits - Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Jaya Bachchan with her husband Amitabh Bachchan in 2002

Her daughter Shweta was born around the time Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children, making an exception for Yash Chopra's Silsila (1981), once again opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap of 17 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She also starred in Karan Johar's ensemble family melodrama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Johar's romantic comedy drama, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, both of which also earned her the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress.[13] She starred with her son Abhishek in Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).

In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities.[14]

Political career[edit]

Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006.[15] She got a second term from June 2006[16] till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[17][clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party. Also, she campaigned for All India Trinamool Congress during 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.

Parliamentary Committee assignments

Personal life[edit]

Early years and family[edit]

Jaya Bhaduri was born into a Bengali Brahmin family and is the daughter of Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a journalist, author, and poet and his wife, Indira. She studied at St Joseph's Convent School, Bhopal and graduated from Film and Television Institute of India in Pune.[19]

On 3 June 1973, she married Amitabh Bachchan. The couple have two children: Shweta Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda,[20] while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.[21]

Drona speech controversy[edit]

Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of Drona in the second half of 2008 was criticised by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please forgive us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.[22]

Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologised in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theatres screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticised her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.[23]

Positions held[edit]

Jaya Bachchan has been elected 4 times as Rajya Sabha MP.

As per the Election affidavit of 2018 (Rajya Sabha), Jaya Bachchan has assets worth 1,001.63 crores and liabilities worth 105.64 crores.[24]

# From To Position Party
1. 2004 2006 MP (1st term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh (by-poll) SP
2. 2006 2012 MP (2nd term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh SP
3. 2012 2018 MP (3rd term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh SP
4. 2018 Present MP (4th term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh SP

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Jaya with her husband, Amitabh Bachchan

Civilian Award[edit]

Major film awards[edit]

Year Award Category Work Result
1972 Filmfare Awards Special Award Uphaar Won
Best Actress Nominated
Guddi Nominated
1974 Koshish Nominated
Abhimaan Won
1975 Kora Kagaz Won
1976 Mili Nominated
1980 Nauker Won
1982 Silsila Nominated
1998 Special Award Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Won
2001 Best Supporting Actress Fiza Won
2002 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Won
2004 Kal Ho Naa Ho Won
2007 Lifetime Achievement Award Won
2001 International Indian Film Academy Awards Best Supporting Actress Fiza Won
2002 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Won
2004 Kal Ho Naa Ho Won

Other film awards[edit]

Won

Honours and recognitions[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Notes
1963 Mahanagar Bengali film
1971 Guddi Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Dhanyee Meye Bengali film
Uphaar Filmfare Special Award
Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Janani Bengali film
1972 Jawani Diwani
Bawarchi
Parichay
Bansi Birju
Piya Ka Ghar
Annadata
Ek Nazar
Samadhi
Koshish Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Shor
Jai Jawan Jai Makan
1973 Gaai Aur Gori
Anamika
Phagun
Zanjeer
Abhimaan Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1974 Aahat - Ek Ajib Kahani The film was released in 2010
Dil Diwana
Kora Kagaz Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Naya Din Nai Raat
Doosri Sita
1975 Mili Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Chupke Chupke
Sholay
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Unreleased
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete Guest appearance
1979 Nauker Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1981 Silsila Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1995 Akka Marathi film
1998 Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Filmfare Special Award
2000 Fiza Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2001 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2002 Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe
Desh Bengali film
2003 Kal Ho Naa Ho Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag
2008 Love Songs : Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow
Drona
2009 Animal
2010 Aap Ke Liye Hum
2011 Meherjaan Bengali language Bangladeshi film
2013 Sunglass Bilingual film
2016 Ki & Ka Guest appearance
2023 Rocky Aur Rani Ki Prem Kahani

Notes[edit]

  • Banerjee, Shampa; Anil Srivastava (1988). One Hundred Indian Feature Films: An Annotated Filmography. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-8240-9483-2.
  • Gulzar, S.G.; Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema. Popular Prakashan, Encyclopædia Britannica (India). ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
  • Dawar, Ramesh (2006). Bollywood Yesterday-Today-Tomorrow. Star Publications. ISBN 1-905863-01-2.
  • Peter John, Ali. "Jaya is aback, Jaya Hey!". Screen India. Express India. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mumbai – Bombay Tourism, Places, Events " Photos of Aaradhya & Amitabh Bachchan's Three Houses in Mumbai". Archived from the original on 3 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Gulzar, p. 457
  3. ^ Somaaya, Bhaawana (22 December 2000). "His humility appears misplaced". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 March 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Excerpt: When Jaya Bhaduri Won Over Acting Guru Roshan Taneja". TheQuint. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d Dawar, p. 56
  7. ^ Gulzar, p. 526
  8. ^ a b Banerjee, p. 93
  9. ^ Gulzar, p. 91
  10. ^ Gulzar, p. 396
  11. ^ Maheshwari, Belu (23 August 1998). "I will not allow anyone to dictate terms to me". The Tribune. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Another time, another wedding". The Telegraph. 22 April 2007.
  13. ^ "Jaya Bachchan – Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 22 September 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Pak-Bangla love flick starring Jaya Bachchan ready for release". Indian Express. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  15. ^ "Jaya Bachchan loses Rajya Sabha seat". Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Jaya Bachchan back in Rajya Sabha". Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  17. ^ IANS (3 February 2010). "I'm too upfront for politics: Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  18. ^ "Committee on External Affairs : Loksabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Smt. Jaya Bachchan - National Portal of India". www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  20. ^ Singh, Sanghita (18 May 2002). "Nikhil Nanda: The business of life". The Times of India.
  21. ^ "Interesting Facts and Figures : Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan". Sindh Today. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013.
  22. ^ "Jaya Bachchan's controversial clip". Rediff. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  23. ^ "Raj Thackeray: I accept Amitabh's apology". Rediff. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  24. ^ "Jaya Amitabh Bachchan (SP), Uttar Pradesh 2018". Myneta.info. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  25. ^ "STL.News | Breaking News | Latest News | St Louis News | News Videos". STL.News. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  26. ^ "STL.News | Breaking News | Latest News | St Louis News | News Videos". STL.News. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  27. ^ "dharma-production.com". dharma-production.com. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  28. ^ "apunkachoice". apunkachoice. 12 November 2006. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  29. ^ "Archives 2000". Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  30. ^ "Mid Day Photogallery". Mid Day. Archived from the original on 15 May 2004. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  31. ^ "zeenews.com". Spicezee.zeenews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  32. ^ "Jaya Bachchan to receive 'Lifetime Achievement Award' in London". The Hindu. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  33. ^ "Lifetime achievement award for Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India. 25 January 2012. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  34. ^ "Jaya Bachchan to be presented Deenanath Mangeshkar Award". The Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  35. ^ "Lata Mangeshkar to present Deenanath Mangeshkar Award to Jaya Bachchan". Hindustan Times. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2021.

External links[edit]