|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Assumed office |
9 April 1948
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
(present-day Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India)
|Political party||Samajwadi Party|
|Relations||See Bachchan Family|
|Children||Shweta Bachchan Nanda |
|Residence||Jalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Awards||• 9 Filmfare Awards|
• Padma Shri (1992)
Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born on 9 April 1948) is an Indian film actress and politician. She is currently the Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, notably serving four terms since 2004. She is recognised as one of the finest Hindi film actresses of her time, particularly known for reinforcing a naturalistic style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema. During her career, she won nine Filmfare Awards: including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress, which makes her the overall most-awarded performer in the female acting categories, along with Rani Mukerji. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.
Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she collaborated in several films thereafter. She was noted for her refreshing performances in all her films, including Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She starred alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in several films including Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).
Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, she restricted her work in films, making an exception only for Silsila (1981). After a 17-year sabbatical, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa in 1998. Since then, she has appeared in films like Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), all which garnered her critical acclaim and awards.
Jaya Bachchan is an alumnus of the Film and Television Institute of India. She first starred in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee.She then appeared in two more Bengali films: a 13-minute short Suman, and the comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), where she played the role of Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.
Inspired by her experience with Ray, she joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune and graduated with the Gold Medal. Hrishikesh Mukherjee cast her to play the eponymous role of Guddi, a petite school girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra. Guddi was a commercial success, and created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. While she did venture out to play glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972) and a semi-negative character of an amnesia-faking heroine in Anamika (1973), she was most recogniszed for her roles epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee. These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972). They also made her a popular star.
In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.
She first acted with Amitabh Bachchan in Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year. When Amitabh had faced a string of flops and most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim-Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she agreed to step in. The film turned out to be a big hit creating Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image. All theri successive films as a pair were hits - Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Sholay (1975) and Mili (1975).
Her daughter Shweta was born around the time Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children, making an exception for Silsila (1981), once again opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.
After a gap of 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for her work. She also starred in Karan Johar's family drama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Karan Johar's next film, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003) playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, for which she again received a Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award. She starred with her son Abhishek in Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).
In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. 
Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006. She got a second term from June 2006 till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party.
Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of the film Drona in the second half of 2008 was criticised by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please excuse us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi. Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologised in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theatres screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticised her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.
She was born to Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a famous author and poet. TK Bhaduri wrote a famous book Obhishopto Chambol (Cursed Chambal), an account of his experiences as a journalist/writer in the area. This book provided the raw material and inspiration to almost all dacoit-related films made by the Hindi film industry in India. She completed her schooling from a Missionary School, St. Joseph's Convent, Bhopal.
On 3 June 1973 she married Amitabh Bachchan. The couple has two children: Shweta Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda, while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.
Awards and recognition
- 1972 – Filmfare Special Award for Uphaar
- 1974 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Abhimaan
- 1975 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Kora Kagaz
- 1980 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Nauker
- 1998 – Filmfare Special Award for Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa
- 2001 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Fiza
- 2002 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...
- 2004 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Kal Ho Naa Ho
- 2007 – Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award
- 1972 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Guddi
- 1972 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Uphaar
- 1974 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Koshish
- 1976 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Mili
- 1982 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Silsila
- 2001 – IIFA Best Supporting Actress Award for Fiza
- 2002 – IIFA Best Supporting Actress Award for Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...
- 2004 – IIFA Best Supporting Actress Award for Kal Ho Naa Ho
Other Film Awards
- 1972 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards: Special Award (Hindi film) for Guddi
- 1999 – Anandalok Awards: Special Editor Award
- 2001 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards: Best Actress in Supporting Role for Fiza
- 2001 – Zee Cine Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role – Female for Fiza
- 2002 – Best Actress in a supporting role for Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... at the Sansui Viewers Choice Awards
Honours & Recognitions
- In 2017, she won Best Parliamentarian award.
- In 1998, she was honoured with the Omega Award for Excellence: Lifetime Achievement.
- 2000, Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image, an award for her "abiding contribution to Cinema".
- 2004, Lifetime Achievement Award at the Sansui Awards.
- 2010, Lifetime Achievement Award at the "Tongues on Fire" film festival in London.
- 2012, Lifetime Achievement Award at Jaipur International Film Festival (JIFF).
- 2013, Master Deenanath Mangeshkar (Vishesh Puraskar) Award for her dedicated services to Indian theatre and cinema.
- She is a recipient of the Yash Bharti Award, UP state's highest award from the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
|1971||Guddi||Samit Bhanja||Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1971||Dhanyee Meye||-||Bengali film|
|1971||Uphaar||Swaroop Dutt||Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1972||Jawani Diwani||Randhir Kapoor|
|1972||Bansi Birju||Amitabh Bachchan|
|1972||Piya Ka Ghar||Anil Dhawan|
|1972||Ek Nazar||Amitabh Bachchan|
|1972||Koshish||Sanjeev Kumar||Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1972||Jai Jawan Jai Makan||Unknown|
|1973||Gaai Aur Gori||Shatrughan Sinha|
|1973||Abhimaan||Amitabh Bachchan||Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1974||Dil Diwana||Randhir Kapoor|
|1974||Kora Kagaz||Vijay Anand||Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1974||Naya Din Nai Raat||Sanjeev Kumar|
|1974||Doosri Sita||Romesh Sharma|
|1975||Mili||Amitabh Bachchan||Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1975||Chupke Chupke||Amitabh Bachchan|
|1977||Abhi To Jee Lein||Danny||Unreleased|
|1978||Ek Baap Chhe Bete||Guest|
|1979||Nauker||Sanjeev Kumar||Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1981||Silsila||Amitabh Bachchan & Shashi Kapoor||Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award|
|1995||Akka||Amitabh Bachchan||Marathi Film|
|1998||Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa||Anupam Kher|
|2000||Fiza||-||Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award|
|2001||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Amitabh Bachchan||Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award|
|2002||Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe||-|
|2003||Kal Ho Naa Ho||-||Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award|
|2007||Laaga Chunari Mein Daag||Anupam Kher|
|2008||Lovesongs:Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow||-|
|2010||Aap Ke Liye Hum||None|
|2011||Meherjaan||Humayun Farida||Bengali, Bangladeshi film|
|2013||Sunglass / -||Naseeruddin Shah||Bengali / Hindi|
|2016||Ki & Ka||Amitabh Bachchan||Hindi|
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Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
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