Jaya Bachchan

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Jaya Bachchan
Jaya B Big B’s birthday.jpg
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
July 2004
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Born
Jaya Bhaduri

(1948-04-09) 9 April 1948 (age 73)
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
(present-day Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India)
Political partySamajwadi Party
Spouse(s)
(m. 1973)
RelationsSee Bachchan Family
ChildrenShweta Bachchan Nanda
Abhishek Bachchan
ResidenceJalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India[1]
Occupation
  • Actress
  • politician
Awards• 9 Filmfare Awards
Padma Shri (1992)
Signature

Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born 9 April 1948) is an Indian film actress, politician and a member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, notably serving four terms since 2004. She is particularly known for reinforcing a natural style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema.[2][3] During her career, she won nine Filmfare Awards: including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.[4]

Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she collaborated in several films thereafter. She was noted for her refreshing performances in films like Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She starred alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in several films including Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, she restricted her work in films, excluding exceptions like Nauker (1979) and Silsila (1981). After a 17-year sabbatical, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998). Since then, she has appeared in films like Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), all which garnered her high critical acclaim and awards.

Career[edit]

Jaya Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwarya Rai

Jaya Bachchan is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India. She first starred in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee.She then appeared in two more Bengali films: a 13-minute short Suman,[5] and the comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), where she played the role of Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.[6]

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune and graduated with the gold medal.[7] Hrishikesh Mukherjee cast her in Guddi (1971), to play the eponymous role of a petite school-girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra.[8] Guddi was a commercial success,[6] and created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. While she did venture out to play glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972)[2] and a semi-negative character of an amnesia-faking heroine in Anamika (1973), she was most recognised for her roles epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee.[9] These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972).[8][10] They also made her a star.[6]

In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.[11]

She first acted with Amitabh Bachchan in Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year.[6] When Amitabh had faced a string of flops and most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim–Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she agreed to step in. The film turned out to be a big hit creating Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image.[12] All their successive films as a pair were huge hits - Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Jaya Bachchan with her husband Amitabh Bachchan in 2002

Her daughter Shweta was born around the time Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children, making an exception for Yash Chopra's Silsila (1981), once again opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap of 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.. She also starred in Karan Johar's ensemble family melodrama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Johar's tearjerking romantic comedy-drama, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003) playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, both of which earned her the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.[13] She starred with her son Abhishek in Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).

In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities.[14]

Political career[edit]

Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006.[15] She got a second term from June 2006[16] till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[17][clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party. Also, she campaigned for All India Trinamool Congress during 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.

Controversies[edit]

Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of Drona in the second half of 2008 was criticised by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please excuse us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.[18] Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologised in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theatres screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticised her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Bhaduri is daughter of Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a journalist, author, and poet and his wife, Indira. Taroon Kumar wrote a famous book Obhishopto Chambol ("Cursed Chambal"), an account of his experiences as a journalist / writer in the area. This book provided the raw material and inspiration to almost all dacoit-related films made by the Hindi film industry in India.[citation needed] Bhaduri attended a Missionary School, St. Joseph's Convent in the city of Bhopal.[citation needed]

On 3 June 1973, she married Amitabh Bachchan. The couple have two children: Shweta Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda,[20] while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.[21]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Civilian Awards[edit]

Filmfare Awards[edit]

Won

Nominated

  • 1972 – Best Actress – Guddi
  • 1972 – Best Actress – Uphaar
  • 1974 – Best Actress – Koshish
  • 1976 – Best Actress – Mili
  • 1982 – Best Actress – Silsila

International Indian Film Academy Awards[edit]

Won

Other film awards[edit]

Won

Honours and recognitions[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Co-Star Other notes
1963 Mahanagar - Bengali film
1971 Guddi Samit Bhanja Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Dhanyee Meye - Bengali film
Uphaar Swaroop Dutt Filmfare Special Award; Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Janani Unknown Bengali film
1972 Jawani Diwani Randhir Kapoor
Bawarchi Rajesh Khanna
Parichay Jeetendra
Bansi Birju Amitabh Bachchan
Piya Ka Ghar Anil Dhawan
Annadata Anil Dhawan
Ek Nazar Amitabh Bachchan
Samadhi Dharmendra
Koshish Sanjeev Kumar Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Shor Manoj Kumar
Jai Jawan Jai Makan Unknown
1973 Gaai Aur Gori Shatrughan Sinha
Anamika Sanjeev Kumar
Phagun Vijay Arora
Zanjeer Amitabh Bachchan
Abhimaan Amitabh Bachchan Filmfare Award for Best Actress (tied with Dimple Kapadia for Bobby)
1974 Aahat - Ek Ajib Kahani Vinod Mehra Due to Some Reasons film Released in 2010
Dil Diwana Randhir Kapoor
Kora Kagaz Vijay Anand Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Naya Din Nai Raat Sanjeev Kumar
Doosri Sita Romesh Sharma
1975 Mili Amitabh Bachchan Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Chupke Chupke Amitabh Bachchan
Sholay Amitabh Bachchan
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Danny Unreleased
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete Guest
1979 Nauker Sanjeev Kumar Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1981 Silsila Amitabh Bachchan & Shashi Kapoor Nominated—Filmfare Award for Best Actress
1995 Akka Amitabh Bachchan Marathi film
1998 Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Anupam Kher Filmfare Special Award
2000 Fiza - Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2001 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Amitabh Bachchan Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2002 Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe -
Desh - Bengali film
2003 Kal Ho Naa Ho - Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag Anupam Kher
2008 Lovesongs:Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow -
Drona -
2010 Aap Ke Liye Hum None
2011 Meherjaan Humayun Faridi Bengali / Bangladeshi film
2013 Sunglass Naseeruddin Shah Bengali / Hindi film
2016 Ki & Ka Amitabh Bachchan
2022 Rocky Aur Rani Ki Prem Kahani Dharmendra

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Mumbai – Bombay Tourism, Places, Events " Photos of Aaradhya & Amitabh Bachchan's Three Houses in Mumbai". Archived from the original on 3 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Gulzar, p. 457
  3. ^ Somaaya, Bhaawana (22 December 2000). "His humility appears misplaced". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 March 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Excerpt: When Jaya Bhaduri Won Over Acting Guru Roshan Taneja". TheQuint. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d Dawar, p. 56
  7. ^ Gulzar, p. 526
  8. ^ a b Banerjee, p. 93
  9. ^ Gulzar, p. 91
  10. ^ Gulzar, p. 396
  11. ^ Maheshwari, Belu (23 August 1998). "I will not allow anyone to dictate terms to me". The Tribune. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Another time, another wedding". The Telegraph. 22 April 2007.
  13. ^ "Jaya Bachchan – Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 22 September 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Pak-Bangla love flick starring Jaya Bachchan ready for release". Indian Express. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  15. ^ "Jaya Bachchan loses Rajya Sabha seat". Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Jaya Bachchan back in Rajya Sabha". Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  17. ^ IANS (3 February 2010). "I'm too upfront for politics: Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  18. ^ "Jaya Bachchan's controversial clip". Rediff. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  19. ^ "Raj Thackeray: I accept Amitabh's apology". Rediff. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  20. ^ Singh, Sanghita (18 May 2002). "Nikhil Nanda: The business of life". The Times of India.
  21. ^ "Interesting Facts and Figures : Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan". Sindh Today. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013.
  22. ^ "STL.News | Breaking News | Latest News | St Louis News | News Videos". STL.News. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  23. ^ "STL.News | Breaking News | Latest News | St Louis News | News Videos". STL.News. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  24. ^ "dharma-production.com". dharma-production.com. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  25. ^ "apunkachoice". apunkachoice. 12 November 2006. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  26. ^ "Archives 2000". Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  27. ^ "Mid Day Photogallery". Mid Day. Archived from the original on 15 May 2004. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  28. ^ "zeenews.com". Spicezee.zeenews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  29. ^ PTI (19 February 2010). "Jaya Bachchan to receive ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ in London". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  30. ^ "Lifetime achievement award for Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India. 25 January 2012. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  31. ^ "Jaya Bachchan to be presented Deenanath Mangeshkar Award". The Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  32. ^ "Lata Mangeshkar to present Deenanath Mangeshkar Award to Jaya Bachchan". Hindustan Times. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2021.

References[edit]

External links[edit]