Jayavarman I (Paramara dynasty)

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Jayavarman
Maharajadhiraja
King of Malwa
Reign c. 1142 – c. 1143 CE
Predecessor Yashovarman
Successor Ballala (usurper)
Issue Vindhyavarman
Dynasty Paramara

Jayavarman (reigned c. 1142-43 CE), also known as Ajayavarman, was an Indian king from the Paramara dynasty, who ruled in the Malwa region of central India.

Jayavarman succeeded Yashovarman as the Paramara king. Yashovarman had lost the Paramara capital Dhara to the Chaulukya king Jayasimha Siddharaja. Jayavarman managed to regain control of Dhara.[1]

Only one inscription issued by Jayavarman, found at Ujjain, is available. It originally comprised two copper plates, but one of the plates (which must have contained the date of issue) is now lost. It records the grant of a village named Mayamodaka.[2]

Jayavarman's short reign was followed by the rule of an usurper named Ballala. He has been variously speculated to have been a former Paramara feudatory, a Hoysala chief, or a governor installed by the Chalukyas of Kalyani.[3] Ballala formed an alliance with the Shakambhari Chahamana ruler Arnoraja against the Chaulukyas. The Chaulukya king Kumarapala defeated Ballala around 1150 CE, supported by his feudatories, the Naddula Chahamana ruler Alhana and the Abu Paramara chief Yashodhavala. Malwa then became a province of the Chaulukyas. A minor branch of the Paramaras, who styled themselves as Mahakumaras, ruled the area around Bhopal during this time.[4] Later, Jayavarman's son Vindhyavarman defeated the Chaulukya king Mularaja II, and re-established the Paramara sovereignty in Malwa.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jain 1972, p. 362.
  2. ^ Trivedi 1991, pp. 129-132.
  3. ^ Jain 1972, p. 363.
  4. ^ Jain 1972, pp. 363-364.
  5. ^ Majumdar 1977, p. 328.

Bibliography[edit]