Jayavarman VIII

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Jayavarman VIII (Khmer: ជ័យវរ្ម័នទី៨), posthumous name Paramesvarapada, was one of the kings of the Khmer empire. His rule lasted from 1243 till 1295, when he abdicated. One of his wives was Queen Chakravartirajadevi.[1]:181,191-192,211-212

It was during the reign of Jayavarman VIII that the Mongol forces under the command of Kublai Khan attacked the Angkor empire in 1283. In 1281, Jayavarman VIII had imprisoned emissaries of the Mongol generalissimo in Champa.[1]:192[2] In 1283, he decided to pay tribute and buy peace and thus his rule survived.[3] In 1290, the Mon people regained their independence.[4]

Jayavarman VIII suffered a devastating war against the Sukhothai Kingdom.[1]:211

Jayavarman VIII was a Shivaite who destroyed or changed every Buddhist image in the kingdom. He endowed Mangalartha in 1295, just before he was overthrown by his son-in-law Indravarman III (Srindravarman), a Buddhist.[5]:133[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1. 
  2. ^ Chou Ta-kuan 周達観 (Zhou Daguan, fl.1297), Customs of Cambodia 風土記 , transl. Paul Pelliot and J. Gilman d’Arcy Paul, Bangkok, Siam Society, 1993, pp.xviii-xix.
  3. ^ Cœdès, George. (1956) The Making of South East Asia, pp.127-128.
  4. ^ Cœdès, George. (1964) Les États hindouisés d'Indochine et d'Indonésie Paris.
  5. ^ Higham, C., 2001, The Civilization of Angkor, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, ISBN 9781842125847
  6. ^ Angkor Era - Part III (1181 - 1309 A.D), Cambodia Travel.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Indravarman II
King of Cambodia
1243–1295
Succeeded by
Indravarman III