Jaysh al-Nasr

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Army of Victory
جيش النصر
Jaysh al-Nasr
Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Flag of the Jaysh al-Nasr.svg
Official logo of Jaysh al-Nasr
Active August 2015[1] – present
Groups

Left in February 2018:

  • Regiment 111
  • Salvation Front
Leaders
Headquarters Qalaat al-Madiq
Area of operations

Northwestern Syria

Size 5,000[8]
Part of

Free Syrian Army[8]

Fatah Halab (2015–16)[10]
North Hama Countryside Operations Room[11]
Allies
Opponents
Battles and wars

Syrian Civil War

Website https://twitter.com/alnasararmy

The Army of Victory (Arabic: جيش النصر‎; Jaysh al-Nasr) is a Free Syrian Army-affiliated, armed opposition faction participating in the Syrian Civil War. Founded in August 2015 as a joint operations room of 16 member groups,[1] three of the groups later fully merged into Jaysh al-Nasr. The group was supplied with US-made BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missiles.[8]

History[edit]

Formation as a joint operations room[edit]

Jaysh al-Nasr was formed in early August 2015 as a joint operations room with the stated objective being the "liberation of the northern countryside of Hama, breaking the regime's first defense line toward Hama the city." It was announced as a first step towards unifying the Free Syrian Army in Idlib and Hama provinces into a single operations room. The alliance initially comprised the following 16 groups:[1][13]

Reformation as a unified group[edit]

In late October 2015, it was announced that three of its component groups, the Falcons of al-Ghab, Regiment 111, and the Salvation Front, completely merged into Jaysh al-Nasr with Suqour al-Ghab's commander, Major Muhammad Mansour, assuming the leadership of the new unified group.[3] In late September 2016, the group previously known as Liwa Ahrar Darayya (who had been evacuated from Darayya due to a deal made with the Syrian government) announced they merge into Jaysh al-Nasr.[14]

Jaysh al-Nasr have taken mainly-Alawite civilians, including children, as prisoners. 112 of them were released from Qalaat al-Madiq on 7 February 2017 as part of a prisoner exchange.[15]

Rebel infighting[edit]

Jaysh al-Nasr technicals in the southern Idlib countryside during the northwestern Syria campaign, 23 January 2018.

On 7 February 2017, Jund al-Aqsa attacked the headquarters of Jaysh al-Nasr near the town of Murak in northern Hama. Jund al-Aqsa captured more than 250 fighters from Jaysh al-Nasr.[16] On 14 February, they reportedly killed at least 80 Jaysh al-Nasr prisoners before withdrawing from their positions north of Khan Shaykhun.[17] Kafr Nuboudah and Kafr Zita villages were the origin of the Jaysh Nasr members whom Liwa al-Aqsa executed according to Moussa al-Omar.[18] The casualties given for Jaysh Nasr were 56 fighters, 3 media reporters, and 11 military commanders, according to Moussa al-Omar.[19] After Jund al-Aqsa committed slaughter at Khan Shaykhun, only one person lived to tell the tale.[20]

After the infighting with Jund al-Aqsa, Captain Muhannad Junaid of Jaysh al-Nasr stated that "The whole of Idlib will be painted black".[5]

On 22 May 2017, first lieutenant Alaa Rakhmon of Jaysh al-Nasr was assassinated by unknown assailants in the village of Kafr Nabudah. Rakhmon was a prominent operator of BGM-71 TOW missiles and was responsible for destroying several Syrian Army tanks during the 2017 Hama offensive.[7]

Foreign financial support for Jaysh al-Nasr largely ended in October 2017. On 9 February 2018, Regiment 111 and the Salvation Front left Jaysh al-Nasr. The Falcons of al-Ghab, led by Major Muhammad Mansour, became the only significant faction left in the group.[21] Turkey continues to provide financial and military support for Jaysh al-Nasr and other rebel groups in the region. In exchange for continued support, Turkey requested these rebel groups to participate in the Turkish military operation in Afrin, which Jaysh al-Nasr did beginning on 16 February.[12] On the same day, Jaysh al-Nasr appointed 3 new leaders.[4]

In May 2018, along with 10 other rebel groups in northwestern Syria, the Army of Victory formed the National Front for Liberation, which was officially announced on 28 May. Maj. Muhammad Mansour, commander of Jaysh al-Nasr, was appointed chief of staff of the formation.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Al-Souria (5 August 2015). "Idleb, Hama Rebels Unite Under 'Army of Victory' Operations Room". The Syrian Observer. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Terrormonitor.org [@Terror_Monitor] (6 January 2017). "#SYRIA #FSA-Affiliate Uwais al-Qarni Battalion Merged With #JayshAlNasr In #Hama Countryside. #TerrorMonitor" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  3. ^ a b Nicholas A. Heras (2 March 2017). "Commanding the Jaysh al-Nasr Coalition: A Review of the Ascendancy of Major Muhammad Mansour". Jamestown Foundation. 
  4. ^ a b c d "New leaders of the "Victory Army" in northern Syria". Ana Press. 17 February 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "'Al-Qaeda is eating us': Syrian rebels are losing out to extremists". The Washington Post. 23 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Al-Aqsa Brigade fighters executed 197 Free Army in Hama and retreat to tenderness". Akhbar Alaan. 23 February 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Abdul Razzaq al-Sabeeh (22 May 2017). "The assassination of one of the most skilled TOW shooters in the Army of Victory". All4Syria. 
  8. ^ a b c "THE MODERATE REBELS: A GROWING LIST OF VETTED GROUPS FIELDING BGM-71 TOW ANTI-TANK GUIDED MISSILES". Hasan Mustafas. 5 August 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "11 FSA Factions in New Command in of "National Front Liberation"". Syria Call. 28 May 2018. 
  10. ^ جيش النصر (5 May 2016). "جيش النصر -- استهداف معاقل قوات النظام بقذائف الدبابات في جمعية الزهراء بمدينة حلب" – via YouTube. 
  11. ^ "Official statement listing groups involved in the 'North Hama Countryside Operations Room' - Jaish al-Nasr, Jaish al-Izza, Faylaq al-Sham, Abna al-Sham, Liwa Omar • /r/syriancivilwar". 
  12. ^ a b c d "In Idlib: "Free Army" Factions Receive Turkish Conditional Funding". Enab Baladi. 17 February 2018. 
  13. ^ "Army of Victory/Jaish al Nasr formed HAMA". Imgur. 
  14. ^ Former Darayya rebels now fighting Syrian Army in northern Hama Al Masdar News, September 28, 2016
  15. ^ "Syrian government, rebels swap more than 100 prisoners in Hama". Reuters. 7 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Al-Aqsa Brigade attacked the headquarters of an army victory Brive northern Hama". Al-Etihad Press. 7 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Hardline Salafist brigade reportedly executes up to 160 rebel fighters as infighting rocks northwestern Syria". 16 February 2017. 
  18. ^ موسى العمر [@MousaAlomar] (19 February 2017). "معظم المقاتلين ال70الأسرى الذين أعدمهم لواء الأقصى في جيش النصر والعزة هم من كفر زيتا بشكل رئيسي وكفرنبودة وهم من خ…" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  19. ^ موسى العمر [@MousaAlomar] (19 February 2017). "تأكيد إعدام لواء الأقصى ل 11 قائداً عسكريا و 3 إعلاميين و 56 مقاتلا من #جيش_النصر الذي لم يوجه رصاصة ًأو قذيفةً لغير قوات النظام منذ تأسيسه" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  20. ^ الناجي الوحيد. Feb 15, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Internal differences lead to splits in the "army of victory"". Enab Baladi. 9 February 2018. 

External links[edit]