Jazz Journal

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Jazz Journal
Jazz Journal - cover.jpg
Editors-in-Chief Sinclair Traill (1946–81)
Eddie Cook (1970–2009)
Mark Gilbert (2009– )
Categories Music magazine
First issue Pick Up (1946)
Jazz Journal (1948)
Jazz Journal and
Jazz & Blues (1974)
Jazz Journal
International (1977)
Jazz Journal (2009-present)
Company 2009-Present
  JJ Publishing Ltd
  Invicta Press Ltd
Based in London (1946–2009)
Ashford, UK (2009– )
Language English
Website www.jazzjournal.co.uk
ISSN 2041-8833

Jazz Journal is a British jazz magazine established in 1946 by Sinclair Traill (1904–1981). It was originally published in London under the title Pick Up, which Traill founded as a locus for serious jazz criticism in Britain.[1] In May 1948, Traill, using his own money, relaunched it as Jazz Journal.[1] Traill, for the rest of his life, served as its editor-in-chief.[2][3][4] Jazz Journal is Britain's longest enduring jazz magazine.[5]

Ownership overview[edit]

In April 1977, Billboard Limited — then the publisher of Music Week and The Artist — acquired publishing rights to Jazz Journal (via lease agreement) from the magazine's owner, Novello & Company, Ltd. Cardfront Publishers Limited, a division of Billboard Limited, became the publisher; Mike Hennessey became director; Traill continued as editor-in-chief; and the publication was renamed Jazz Journal International (JJI).[6]

JJI was presumed to have ceased publication in January 2009, after the death on 23 January 2009 of the publisher's wife and associate editor, Janet Cook. Eddie Cook, who had been publisher and editor-in-chief of JJI since 1978, wrote to JJI readers that, following the death of his wife, publication of the magazine would cease, and that the magazine was seeking a new owner. In April 2009, JJI's holding company, which at the time was Jazz Journal Publishing, absorbed a rival magazine, Jazz Review. Jazz Review, originally a monthly, had been published every two months and was owned by Direct Music Limited of Edinburgh, Scotland, who wished to end their publishing interests. Jazz Journal was absorbed into JJI, and first published as such in May 2009 under Mark Gilbert (born 1955)[7] – the last editor of Jazz Review, stepping-in as editor of the new Jazz Journal.[8] Gilbert had earlier served as deputy editor of JJI.

Timeline[edit]

1946–1948 Sinclair Traill launched Pick Up magazine in January 1946 as a locus for serious jazz criticism in Britain and published it until 1948.[1] Traill and T. B. Denby were the editors. According to Peter Clayton and Peter Gammond in their book, Jazz: A–Z, "the publication was full of the self-righteous bickerings and puritanism of the period, but contained some valuable research and discography material; also an extensive 'wanted' and 'disposals' record section."[9]
1948–1970 Traill, using his own money, founded Jazz Journal and, for the rest of his life, served as its editor in chief. Jazz historian Roberta Schwartz states that Jazz Journal was not a new publication, but rather a name change for Pick Up.[1] First issue of Jazz Journal was Vol. 1, No. 1, May 1948)
1953 Traill incorporated on November 25, 1953, as Jazz Journal Limited in Enfield, England[10]
1960 Decca Records invested in Jazz Journal Limited in 1960 and sold its shares to Novello and Company Limited in 1970[11]
1970–?? Novello and Company Limited
1974 Novello changed the name to Jazz Journal and Jazz & Blues for 10 issues — from January 1974 (Vol. 27, No. 1) through October 1974 (Vol. 27, No. 10); Novello leased Jazz Journal 3 times:[12]
  1. April 1977: Cardfront Limited, a subsidiary of The Billboard Limited[9]
  2. 1979: Pitman Press Limited, guitarist Nevil Skrimshire (1923–2010) became editor
  3. Eddie Cook (born 1928), who had been a manager at Pitman.
1982–2009 Eddie Cook (born 1928) purchased Jazz Journal Limited in installments that began in 1982; Cook moved Jazz Journal to a new location, above The Canteen Jazz Club, a notable venue that operated from May 1979 to 1984, located on Covent Garden.[13] Joe Bryan, owner of The Canteen was made a director of Jazz Journal in exchange for offering free office space.[14] Bryan sold his lease in 1984 to a group that converted the venue into a discothèque.
2009 JJI was acquired by a partnership between (i) JJ Publishing Limited (incorporated 23 March 2009), owned by JJI's new chief editor, Mark Gilbert, and (ii) Invicta Press Limited (incorporated 29 April 1960),[15] a firm of Ashford printers.[16] JJ Publishing acquired Jazz Journal Limited and absorbed a rival magazine, Jazz Review, in April of 2009. Jazz Review was absorbed by the new JJI, which was first published May 2009 (Vol. 62, No. 3). Mark Gilbert, the new chief editor, had been the final chief editor of Jazz Review, and had been the deputy editor of JJI. He had worked alongside Eddie Cook for 19 years.[17]

Jazz Journal archives[edit]

  • In October 2009, Sarah Moy, daughter of Eddie Cook, donated materials from the JJI offices in Loughton to National Jazz Archives, Loughton.[18]

Notable contributors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Roberta Freund Schwartz How Britain Got the Blues: The Transmission and Reception of American Blues, Ashgate Publishing, (1988), p.25, ISBN 9780754655800
  2. ^ Play That Music: A Guide to Playing Jazz, edited by Sinclair Traill (1956)
  3. ^ Concerning Jazz, edited by Sinclair Traill (1957) OCLC 851241
  4. ^ Just Jazz, edited by Sinclair Traill & Gerald Lascelles (1957) OCLC 2754341
  5. ^ International Music Journals, edited by Linda M. Fidler & Richard S. James, Greenwood Press (1990) OCLC 19888058 ISBN 0313250049 ISBN 9780313250040
  6. ^ "U.K. Billboard Ltd. Leases Jazz Journal, Traill Remains Editor", Billboard Magazine, 29 January 1977, p.10
  7. ^ Jazz Journal International, Vol. 50, 1997, p.12
  8. ^ London Jazz (blog), Sebastian Scotney (editor), London, April 29, 2009
  9. ^ a b Peter Clayton & Peter Gammond, Jazz: A–Z, Guinness Superlatives (1986) OCLC 15353474; ISBN 0851122817
  10. ^ UK Companies House Records, Company No. 00526120
  11. ^ Peter Vacher (interviewer) & Eddie Cook (interviewee), Oral History of Jazz in Britain, British Library, November 28, 1995 (part 6 of 10)
  12. ^ The Jazz Economy Issue: Part 1 – Have the Fans Outgrown the Fanzine? JazzUK, Issue 59, pps. 20 & 21 (September/October 2004) Archived 2011-01-31 at the Wayback Machine. ISSN 1472-0728
  13. ^ Oral History (part 6 of 10)
  14. ^ Oral History (part 7 of 10)
  15. ^ UK Companies House Records, Company No. 06864067
  16. ^ "Inky Fingers: Maggoty Lamb on the state of the nation's jazz mags", The Guardian, 23 September 2009
  17. ^ "Jazz Journal Swings Back into Action", All About Jazz (Philadelphia), 30 April 2009
  18. ^ Jazz Journal International, National Jazz Archives Newsletter, October 2009, Issue 19, pg. 2, col. 1, Loughton (October 2009)

External links[edit]