Between 1674 and 1708, Franquelin drew around 50 detailed illustrated manuscript maps of New France. Franquelin came to Canada as a trader in 1671. New France Governor Louis de Buade de Frontenac recognized his talents and recruited him to draw maps. He recorded the explorations of Louis Jolliet and René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle between 1674 and 1684. The King appointed him royal hydrographer in 1688. He went to France in 1692 to complete a series of maps on the New England coast. He had 13 children, but unfortunately, his wife and ten of his children drowned in a shipwreck in 1693, near of Sept-Iles, Quebec. He held his Canadian appointment from 1686 to 1697 and again from 1701 to 1703. However, from 1694 to 1707, he worked for Louis XIVth military engineer Vauban, and he never returned to Canada.