Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux

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Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux.png
Illustration of Carpeaux by Étienne Bocourt in the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, after his death. His Flore is below him, and other work above
Born (1827-05-11)11 May 1827
Died 12 October 1875(1875-10-12) (aged 48)
Nationality French
Known for Sculpture, painting

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (11 May 1827 – 12 October 1875) was a French sculptor and painter during the Second Empire under Napoleon III


Born in Valenciennes, Nord, son of a mason, his early studies were under François Rude. Carpeaux entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1844 and won the Prix de Rome in 1854, and moving to Rome to find inspiration, he there studied the works of Michelangelo, Donatello and Verrocchio. Staying in Rome from 1854 to 1861, he obtained a taste for movement and spontaneity, which he joined with the great principles of baroque art. Carpeaux sought real life subjects in the streets and broke with the classical tradition.

While a student in Rome, Carpeaux submitted a plaster version of Pêcheur napolitain à la coquille, the Neapolitan Fisherboy, to the French Academy. He carved the marble version several years later, showing it in the Salon exhibition of 1863. It was purchased for Napoleon III's empress, Eugénie. The statue of the young smiling boy was very popular, and Carpeaux created a number of reproductions and variations in marble and bronze. There is a copy, for instance, in the Samuel H. Kress Collection in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.. Some years later, he carved the Girl with a Shell, a very similar study.

In 1861, he made a bust of Princess Mathilde, and this later brought him several commissions from Napoleon III. Then in 1866, he established his own atelier in order to reproduce and make work on a grander scale. In 1866, he was awarded the chevalier of the Legion of Honour.[1]

He employed his brother as the sales manager and made a calculated effort to produce work that would appeal to a larger audience.[2] On 12 October 1875, he died at the Chateau de Bécon.[1]

Among his students were Jules Dalou, Jean-Louis Forain and the American sculptor Olin Levi Warner. Carpeaux died at age 48 in Courbevoie.




External video
The Dance by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, 1873 -detail.JPG
Carpeaux's Dance,[6] Smarthistory[7]
  1. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carpeaux, Jean Baptiste". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ Frusco, Peter, Janson, H.W., The Romantics to Rodin, George Braziller, Inc., 1980
  3. ^ "Ugolin et ses fils". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Pêcheur à la coquille". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  5. ^ See the article by Elizabeth McGrath in The Slave in European Art: From Renaissance Trophy to Abolitionist Emblem, ed Elizabeth Mcgrath and Jean Michel Massing, London (The Warburg Institute) 2012
  6. ^ "Carpeaux's Dance". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Carpeaux's Dance". Smarthistory at Khan Academy. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 

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