Jean-Baptiste Santerre

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Jean-Baptiste Santerre
Autoportrait Santerre.jpg
Self-portrait of Santerre.
Born Santerre
23 March 1651
Magny-en-Vexin
Died 21 November 1717
Paris
Nationality French
Known for painting
Movement classicism

Jean-Baptiste Santerre (23 March 1651 – November 21, 1717), was a French painter often associated with Jean-Honoré Fragonard but notable in his own right.[1]

Biography[edit]

Santerre was born at Magny-en-Vexin, near Pontoise. A pupil of Bon Boullogne, he began his painting career at a portraitist, with a notable work being a portrait of Marie Leszczyńska with the Maison de St Cyr in the background (now at the musée de Versailles). He won a major reputation thanks to his academies. His most notable work[2] is his Susanna Bathing (Louvre), the diploma work executed by him in 1704, when he was received into the Académie (though the version now in the Louvre seems to be a copy by Santerre of the original). Although his religious paintings lacked inspiration, the Susanna contributed to Santerre's fifty-year reputation as a painter of the erotic nude, in which field he was the forerunner to François Boucher (1730–1770) and Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732–1806). The Susanna and his Portrait of a Lady in Venetian Costume (Louvre) give a good impression of Santerre's taste and of his elaborate, refined and careful method. He died at Paris.

Paintings[edit]

  • Woman Pulling a Curtain, Paris, Galerie Eric Coatalem
  • Two Actresses, St Petersburg, Hermitage Museum
  • Susanna Bathing, Louvre
  • Portrait of a lady in Venetian costume, known as the Marquise de Moulins-Rochefort Louvre
  • Young woman writing a letter, Valenciennes, Musée des Beaux-Arts
Philippe d'Orléans and his official mistress Marie Madeleine de la Vieuville, comtesse de Parabère (as Adam and Eve)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Full catalogue of his works - (French) Claude Lesné: Jean-Baptiste Santerre, 1651-1717, in the bulletin of the Société de l'histoire de l'art français, 1988.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "H-France Review Vol. 14 (July 2014), No. 120" (PDF). 
  2. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Santerre, Jean Baptiste". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.