Biver at the World Economic Forum annual meeting in 2012
|Alma mater||Collège de Morges|
University of Lausanne
|Known for||Businesses exploits in the Swiss watchmaking industry|
Jean-Claude Biver (born 20 September 1949) is a Luxembourgish watchmaker, cheesemaker, and businessman previously serving as the chief executive officer (CEO) of TAG Heuer. From 2014 until 2018, he was the president of LVMH's watchmaking division until his retirement after 43 years in the industry.
Since 2014, he served as chief executive, board member, and minority shareholder of Hublot, a Swiss luxury watchmaker. Biver has been successful at Hublot, and was previously successful in rejuvenating the Blancpain and Omega brands, both currently owned by Swatch Group. Biver is also known for his own exclusive cheese. Biver's leadership in the Swiss watch industry has been credited as "single handedly [sic] ... saving [the industry] from the quartz movement." In 1980, even prestigious Swiss watch brands had "a proportion of 70% more or less quartz movements in their collection;" since then, the Swiss watch industry has staged a "remarkable recovery", with 2008 exports valued at CHF17 billion.
Early life and career
Biver was born on September 20, 1949, in Luxembourg, and at the age of 10 moved with his family to Switzerland, attending school in Saint Prex. He later studied at Collège des Morges, and earned a degree in business at HEC Lausanne (also known as the Faculty of Business and Economics of the University of Lausanne). Upon graduation, he spent time in the Vallée de Joux, absorbing the culture of watchmaking, where he met Jacques Piguet, who was running the movement factory Frederic Piguet. Through Jacques' father, he met Georges Golay, chairman and CEO of Audemars Piguet, where he was offered a job as sales manager for Europe. In a year of working for AP, he was able to learn the "art of watchmaking," though he left after a year, thinking he could do better elsewhere. He left Audemars Piguet to become product manager at Omega, a major multinational brand, leaving Omega after a year to return to the manufacture d'horlogerie of the Vallée de Joux. Jean-Claude Biver was awarded a Doctor Honoris Causa from Business School Lausanne in 2012 in recognition of his contribution to the success of the Swiss watchmaking industry.
Upon return to the Valley de Joux in 1981, Biver and Jacques Piguet purchased the rights to Blancpain, a watchmaker that had gone out of business in the 1970s. Blancpain had a long history but had been rendered obsolete by the development of quartz watches. Using this as a strength, Biver and Piguet rebuilt the brand on the concept that "Since 1735 there has never been a quartz Blancpain watch. And there never will be." Blancpain quickly became one of the most respected traditional watch brands, achieving a turnover of CHF50m. In 1992, the brand was sold to SMH Group (now known as Swatch Group) for CHF60m (USD43m), having been initially purchased for CHF22,000. Biver remained CEO of Blancpain until 2003.
Upon the sale of Blancpain, Biver joined the board of directors of Swatch Group, where he was charged with turning around Swatch's Omega brand. Biver's main influence was in the product and marketing fields, employing techniques such as product placement (notably in James Bond films) and celebrity sponsorships (including testimonials from Cindy Crawford, Michael Schumacher, and Pierce Brosnan). Biver left Omega in 2003, having presided over the company's "dazzling" recovery. Over Biver's ten years at Omega, its sales had almost tripled.
Biver briefly exited the watchmaking world in 2004, before joining Hublot as CEO and board member. At Hublot, he has emphasized "the fusion of tradition and future." Hublot was bought by LVMH in 2008, following a fivefold increase in sales from 2004 to 2007. Even in the late-2000s recession, Hublot has been considered to be very successful, with sales down 15% up to November 2009 compared with 30% for the entire Swiss luxury watch business. Biver has retained the brand's exclusivity through methods such as restricting supply in the face of large demand, citing that "people want exclusivity, so you must always keep the customer hungry and frustrated."
TAG Heuer and LVMH
Biver became the CEO of TAG Heuer in December 2014. The company's thirty-year cooperation with the McLaren motorsport team came to an end in late 2015, after Biver had a falling out with McLaren owner Ron Dennis. TAG Heuer subsequently joined Red Bull Racing, becoming namesake to their Renault engines.
Similarly in 2014, Biver was named as the head of the watches and jewelry division of the LVMH conglomerate managing other brands including TAG Heuer, Zenith, and Hublot. In 2018, Biver announced his resignation as head of the watches and jewelry division of the LVMH due to health reasons ending 43 years in the watch industry.
Every year, Biver produces approximately five tonnes of cheese at his farm in the Swiss Alps. Biver produces cheese for only a few weeks every summer during which the alpine meadows flower, rendering "a flowery taste to the milk and subsequently, to the cheese." Because of the cheese's exclusivity, Biver refuses payment, offering cheese only to his friends and family, and to particular restaurants of his choosing. Biver stated that by refusing payment, he can remain in absolute control of the cheese's distribution: "I will be the master of my cheese until the last piece."
- Doerr, Elizabeth (2019-01-12). "Jean-Claude Biver Announces His Retirement: The BIG Interview (Video)". Timezone.com. Retrieved 2020-12-28. Cite error: The named reference "QuillandPad" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "The History of Hublot Geneve" (PDF). Hublot. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- Margolis, Mike (May 2005). "A TimeZone Interview with Jean-Claude Biver". Timezone.com. Archived from the original on 2009-07-24. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- "Salesman of the irrational". The Economist. 2009-11-12. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- "Jean Claude Biver". BSL Lausanne. 2017.
- "TAG Heuer CEO Resigns". nationaljeweler.com. December 12, 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-04-06. Retrieved 2015-04-10.
- Parkes, Ian (4 December 2015). "McLaren's Ron Dennis admits he fell out with TAG Heuer chief". autosport.com. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Timing is Everything". Red Bull Racing. 4 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- Pulvirent, Stephen (2018-09-20). "LVMH Watch Boss Jean-Claude Biver Is Stepping Down From His Operational Responsibilities". Hodinkee. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
- Bhattacharya, Mitrajit. "Cheese & Crackers: Get a taste of Hublot President Jean-Claude Biver's passion for cheese". Watch World Magazine. Archived from the original on 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jean-Claude Biver.|
- (in German) Hublot – Die Fortsetzung der Kindheit Portrait about Jean-Claude Biver
- (in Vietnamese) Cùng tìm hiểu hơn 40 năm lịch sử thương hiệu đồng hồ Hublot Portrait about Jean-Claude Biver