|Known for||dissident reporting|
Jean-Claude Kavumbagu is a Burundian Internet journalist who has been arrested on multiple occasions for issues related to his reporting. In 2011, he was charged with treason in a high-profile trial and named a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International.
Olympics scandal and arrest
Kavumbagu is director of the Burundian Internet news agency Net Press. On 11 September 2008, he was arrested following the publication of an article in which he alleged that the cost of President Pierre Nkurunziza’s trip to see the Beijing Olympics (an estimated 100 million Burundian francs) caused some civil servants’ salaries to be paid late. Following a government statement that the trip had only cost half of the alleged amount, Kavumbagu was charged with "libelous writing and insulting remarks." Amnesty International, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and International PEN protested his arrest and called for his immediate release. Kavumbagu was cleared by a court in March 2009 and released from prison. However, the prosecutor appealed the case, and as of July 2010, it remains open.
Bombing response and second trial
On 11 July 2010, Kampala, Uganda was attacked by suicide bombers from Al-Shabaab, a Somali Islamist militia, killing 74 and injuring 70. The following day, Kavumbagu published a blog post on his site which criticized the ability of Burundian forces to defend the country in the face of a similar attack: “The anxiety has been palpable in Bujumbura and all those who have heard about [the bombings] yesterday in Kampala were convinced that if the al-Shabaab militants wanted to try ‘something' in our country, they would succeed with disconcerting ease, [as] our defense and security forces shine in their capacity to pillage and kill their compatriots rather than defend our country." On 17 July, he was arrested, charged with treason, questioned without the presence of a lawyer, and imprisoned in Mpimba Central Prison, Bujumbura. In Burundi, treason carries a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. His arrest was again denounced by a number of international human rights organizations, including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and Front Line. A number of journalism and press freedom organizations have called for the charges against Kavumbagu to be dropped, including the Committee to Protect Journalists, the International Federation of Journalists, International PEN, the Federation of African Journalists, the Eastern Africa Journalists Association, and Reporters Without Borders.
In November 2010, Kavumbagu was denied a request for bail, and was housed with violent offenders. On 13 April 2011, the trial's prosecutor announced his intention to seek a life sentence. On 3 May, World Press Freedom Day, around 100 Burundian journalists marched into Bujumbura to demonstrate support for Kavumbagu.
On 13 May, Kavumbagu was acquitted of treason, but found guilty on the charge of publishing an article "likely to discredit the state or economy". He sentenced to eight months' imprisonment and released for time served. Human Rights Watch and the Committee to Protect Journalists protested the verdict, the latter reiterating its belief that "Burundi should decriminalize press offenses and allow journalists to speak and write freely without fear of harassment or arrest".
- "Burundi: Demand release of online editor: Jean-Claude Kavumbagu". Amnesty International. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Net Press website
- "Burundi: Arbitrary arrest: Jean-Claude Kavumbagu". Amnesty International. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Jailed Burundian journalist acquitted; two others arrested". Committee to Protect Journalists. 6 October 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Hannah Pakula and Larry Siems (6 October 2008). "PEN Appeal: Jean-Claude Kavumbagu". International PEN. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Burundi frees editor held for defaming president". Reuters. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2011..
- "Burundi: Free Journalist Detained on Treason Charges". Human Rights Watch. 20 July 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2011. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "HRW" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Burundi: Arrest of journalist and human rights defender Mr Jean-Claude Kavumbagu". Front Line. 20 July 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Joel Simon (11 April 2011). "Burundi must free Kavumbagu, halt flawed prosecution". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "IFJ Joins Call for Release of Journalist On Treason Charges". International Federation of Journalists. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- Hannah Pakula and Larry Siems (25 January 2011). "PEN Appeal: Jean-Claude Kavumbagu". International PEN. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- "Prosecutor requests life imprisonment for online newspaper editor". Reporters Without Borders. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- "Burundi seeks life sentence for Kavumbagu". Committee to Protect Journalists. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Burundi demands life sentence against journalist". Reuters. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Burundi journalists demonstrate for freedom". Agence France-Presse. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.