Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du Nouÿ
Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du Nouÿ (10 June 1842 in Paris – 19 February 1923 in Paris) was an Orientalist French painter and sculptor. He was strongly influenced by the works and teachings of Charles Gleyre and Jean-Léon Gérôme. Lecomte du Nouÿ found inspiration for his art through extensive travels to Greece, Turkey, Egypt and Italy. The thematic content of Lecomte du Nouÿ’s work was mainly figural, but also spanned over a vast range of imagery throughout his career, including classical, historical and religious.
Lecomte du Nouÿ is known for remaining faithful to his detailed, realistic style throughout the extent of his career, despite the onset of the Impressionist, Fauvist and Constructivist artistic movements during his lifetime. His work is said to have contributed significantly to the establishment of an iconic repertoire representing the Orient in the nineteenth century. A Parisian street was named after him in 1932.
Early Life and Education
Jean-Jules-Antoine was born on 10 June 1842 in Paris. Originally of a Piedmontese origin, his family had been settled in France since the fourteenth century and by the time of his birth had reached the status of nobility. Lecomte du Nouÿ showed a strong attachment to visual art from a young age and was reported to have painted portraits of his father and uncle by the age of 6. In 1861, at 19 years of age, the artistic talents of young Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du Nouÿ prompted him to become a pupil at the atelier of Swiss artist, Charles Gleyre. Under Gleyre’s guidance Jean-Jules-Antoine learned the significance of individualistic style and gained the foundations of creative visual presentation. Later, Lecomte du Nouy further perfected his knowledge of the artistic form under the mentorship of Jean-Léon Gérôme, who was a renowned painter of the Academicism movement. It was at this time that Jean-Jules-Antoine learned the precision required to depict la belle nature—a style of illustration that aims to create the most beautiful representations of the natural form. This later became one of the main techniques employed in Lecomte du Nouÿ’s signature artwork.
Maturity and Travels
In 1865, Jean-Jules-Antoine accompanied fellow artist, Félix Auguste Clément, on his travels to Cairo, Egypt. It was after this voyage that the young Lecompte du Nouy sought to portray the opulence of the Orient. In later years, Jean continued his travels, visiting countries like Italy and Greece. Lecompte du Nouy found inspiration in all social, historical and literary facets of foreign culture.
The Orientalist style is largely characterized by its content, but also by its subdued realism and precision allotted towards depicting the human form. The latter is a prominent characteristic of the 19th century methods upheld by the Académie des Beaux-Arts. Jean-Jules-Antoine was a prominent figure within the sphere of academic art and thereby would adhere to a rule-based artistic style of well-developed skill and formal composition. The artistic composition of Lecomte du Nouy’s paintings was often complemented by the use of half-light, which added certain dramatic and melancholic qualities to his work. To this day some, like Professor Alan Braddock, consider Jean-Jules-Antoine to have been decidedly modern for his time, because his work directly and indirectly broached some of the key issues of his day, albeit from a decidedly conservative perspective: colonialism, international trade, gender, religion, and history.
Later life and death
Jean-Jules-Antoine spent most of the later years of his life in Romania. There he painted primarily the royal family and their subjects. However, he returned to Paris right before the onset of his death, which occurred on 19 February 1923.
- 1864 : Le Guet-à-pens
- 1866 : Invocation de Neptune
- 1869 : Le souper de Beaucaire
- 1870 : Démosthène s'exerçant à la parole
- 1871 : Chrétiennes au tombeau de la Vierge
- 1872 : Les porteurs de mauvaises nouvelles
- 1875 : Judith
- 1878 : Adolphe Crémieux
- 1884 : Le Marabout prophète
- 1888 : L'esclave blanche (The White Slave)
- 1889 : Le samedi au quartier juif
- 1890 : Le dimanche à Venise
- 1899 : Portrait du Roi et de la Reine de Roumanie
- 1902 : Mademoiselle de Maupin
- 1904 : La Sorcière
- 1904 : Rêve d'Orient
- 1905 : La Péri et le Poète
- 1913 : La dernière ronde
- 1919 : Etude pour la Victoire
The rue Lecomte du Nouÿ runs west from the boulevard Murat in arrondissement 16.
The Supper of Beaucaire, 28th July 1793, 1869–1894, Château de Malmaison.
The White Slave, 1888, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes.
Saint Vincent de Paul bringing gallery slaves to the faith, 1876, Sainte-Trinité, Paris.
- Roger Diederen, "From Homer to the harem: The art of Jean Lecomte du Nouÿ" (New York: Dahesh Museum of Art, 2004) incl. catalogue raisonné.
- "Encyclopédie Larousse en ligne - Jules-Jean Antoine Lecomte du Nouy". Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Fox, Diane Michelle. "The Artistic Vision of Jean Lecomte Du Nouÿ." Archaeology Magazine Archive. Archaeological Institute of America, 8 July 2004. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
- Marino, Alessandra. "The Tomb of Orientalism? Europe after the Lure of the East." Third Text 27.6 (2013): 762-773.
- "Art Renewal Center - From Homer to the Harem: The Art of Jean Lecomte du Nouÿ, by the Dahesh Gallery". Art Renewal Center. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Jules-Jean-Antoine Lecomte du Nouy. Expert art authentication, certificates of authenticity and expert art appraisals - Art Experts". Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Alan C. Braddock reviews From Homer to the Harem: The Art of Jean Lecomte du Nouÿ". Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Zahariade, Ana. "French Influences on Romanian Architecture." French Cultural Studies 11.33 (2000): 347-65. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.
- Badea-Paun, Gabriel. "Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du Nouy (1842-1923) à la cour royale de Roumanie." Bulletin de la Société de l'histoire de l'art français (2005): 257-281.
- Denaès, Raymond Guide Générale de Paris. Paris: Éditions l'Indispensable, [c. 1960]
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