Jean-Louis Pierrot

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Jean-Louis Pierrot
Jean-Louis Pierrot.jpg
5th President of Haiti
In office
April 16, 1845 – March 1, 1846
Preceded by Philippe Guerrier
Succeeded by Jean-Baptiste Riché
Personal details
Born 1761
Acul-du-Nord, Saint-Domingue
Died February 18, 1857 (aged 95 or 96)
Acul-du-Nord, Haiti
Spouse(s) Cécile Fatiman, Louisa Genevieve Coidavid

Jean-Louis Michel Pierrot (1761 – February 18, 1857) was a career officer general in the Haitian Army who also served as President of Haiti from April 16, 1845 to March 1, 1846.[1]

During the Haitian Revolution Pierrot led a black battalion at the Battle of Vertieres in 1803.[2] During the period of the Haitian Kingdom, Henri Christophe (Henry I) promoted Pierrot to the rank of Lieutenant General in the Army and granted him the hereditary title of Prince.[citation needed]

Pierrot was elected president of Haiti by the Council of State on April 16, 1845, the day after the death of Philippe Guerrier.[1] As President of Haiti, he was intended to be a figurehead for the mulatto ruling class.[citation needed] Pierrot's most pressing duty as the new president was to check the incursions of the Dominicans, who were harassing the Haitian troops along the borders.[1] Dominican boats were also making depredations on Haiti's coasts.[1] President Pierrot decided to open a campaign against the Dominicans, whom he considered merely as insurgents.[1] Haitians, however, were not inclined to go to war with their neighbors, and were unwilling to support the President's views.[1]

Furthermore, Pierrot had displeased the army by conferring military rank on the leaders of the peasants of the Sud Department and on many of their followers.[1] In addition, the inhabitants of the towns of this department felt uneasy regarding the tendencies of Pierrot, who had appointed Jean-Jacques Acaau, the former terrorist of Cayes, as Commandant of the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement.[1] Fearing a peasant revolt, the townsmen decided to divest Pierrot of his office.[1] In consequence, on March 1, 1846, General Jean-Baptiste Riché was proclaimed President of the Republic at Port-au-Prince.[1] On that same day, Pierrot resigned and retired to his plantation called Camp-Louise, where he led a quiet and peaceful life.[1]

Pierrot died on February 18, 1857.[1]

Pierrot's daughter, Marie Louise Amélia Célestine (Princess Pierrot), in 1845 married Lieutenant-General Pierre Nord Alexis, a provincial governor under Emperor Faustin I, who later became Haitian Minister for War from 1867 to 1869 and president of Haiti from 1902 to 1908.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Léger, Jacques Nicolas (1907). Haiti: Her History and Her Detractors. The Neale Publishing Company. pp. 197–98.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "Louis Michel Pierrot - TLP". Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Philippe Guerrier
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
President of Haiti

1845–1846
Succeeded by
Jean-Baptiste Riché