Jean-Marie-Raphaël Le Jeune
Born in Pleyber-Christ, France, Le Jeune entered an Oblate seminary in Nancy, France, in 1873 and took his vows on 12 December 1875. He volunteered for missionary service and in 1879 was sent to New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada. Under the supervision of Bishop Paul Durieu, Le Jeune studied Chinook Jargon, a pidgin of Chinookan, Nootkan, French, and English. He moved on to Fraser Canyon, where he learned more native languages, and then to St. Mary's mission in the Lower Fraser Valley.
Over the next years Le Jeune traveled throughout the Kamloops region proselytizing to the native communities. In 1891 he became rector of St. Joseph's Church on the Kamloops Reserve and in 1893 he became the superior of St. Louis's Mission, a post he held until 1929.
By his own account, Le Jeune spoke more than twenty native languages. In 1890 he adapted Duployan shorthand to Chinook Jargon. The system was widely adopted among the native community and in 1891 Le Jeune launched a newspaper written in English and Chinook Jargon called the Kamloops Wawa. Le Jeune wrote a number of pamphlets about native languages such as Practical Chinook vocabulary (1886), Prayers in the Okanagan language (1893), Polyglott manual of prayers (1896, contributor), and Chinook rudiments (1924).
- Chinook Vocabulary (1892)
- Chinook manual, or, Prayers, hymns and catechism in Chinook (microform) (1896)
- Blake, Lynn (2005). "Le Jeune, Jean-Marie-Raphaël". In Cook, Ramsay; Bélanger, Réal. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XV (1921–1930) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- "How the Shorthand was Introduced among the Indians". Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Lac Le Jeune". BC Geographical Names. Province of British Columbia. Retrieved 10 October 2012.