Jean-Michel Bismut in 2004
(photo from MFO)
26 February 1948|
|Alma mater||Ecole Polytechnique|
|Known for||Backward stochastic differential equations, Probabilistic proof of Atiyah-Singer index theorem, Bismut connection, Bismut superconnection, Geometric hypoelliptic Laplacian, Explicit formulas for orbital integrals|
|Awards||Prix Ampère (French Academy of Sciences), 1990|
Jean-Michel Bismut (born 26 February 1948) is a French mathematician who has been a Professor at the Université Paris-Sud since 1981. His mathematical career covers two apparently different branches of mathematics: probability theory and differential geometry. Ideas from probability play an important role in his works on geometry.
Bismut received in 1973 his Docteur d'État in Mathematics, from the Université Paris-VI, a thesis entitled Analyse convexe et probabilités. In his thesis, Bismut established a stochastic version of Pontryagin's maximum principle in control theory by introducing and studying the backward stochastic differential equations which have been the starting point of an intensive research in stochastic analysis and it stands now as a major tool of Mathematical Finance.  [better source needed]
Using the quasi-invariance of the Brownian measure, Bismut gave a new approach to the Malliavin calculus and a probabilistic proof of Hörmander's theorem. He established his celebrated integration by parts for the Brownian motion on manifolds.
Since 1984, Bismut works on differential geometry. He found a heat equation proof for the Atiyah–Singer index theorem. And he established a local version of the Atiyah-Singer families index theorem for Dirac operators, by introducing the Bismut superconnection which plays a central role in modern aspects of index theory.
Bismut-Freed developed the theory of Quillen metrics on the smooth determinant line bundle associated with a family of Dirac operators. Bismut-Gillet-Soulé gave a curvature theorem for the Quillen metric on the holomorphic determinant of a direct image by a holomorphic proper submersion. This and Bismut—Lebeau's embedding formula for analytic torsions play a crucial role in the proof of the arithmetic Riemann-Roch theorem in Arakelov theory, in which analytic torsion is an essential analytic ingredient in the definition of the direct image.
Bismut gave a natural construction of a Hodge theory whose corresponding Laplacian is a hypoelliptic operator acting on the total space of the cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold. This operator interpolates formally between the classical elliptic Laplacian on the base and the generator of the geodesic flow. One striking application is Bismut's explicit formulas for all orbital integrals at semi-simple elements of any reductive Lie group.
In 1990, he was awarded the Prix Ampere of the Academy of Sciences. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in the summer of 1984. He was elected as a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1991.
He was a member of the Fields Medal Committee for ICM 1990.  From 1999 until 2006, a member of the Executive Committee (from 2003 until 2006 as Vice-President), International Mathematical Union (IMU).  From 1989 until 2008, he is an editor of Inventiones Mathematicae, and from 1996 until 2008, as a managing editor. 
- ——— (1973). "Conjugate convex functions in optimal stochastic control". Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. 44 (2): 384–404. doi:10.1016/0022-247X(73)90066-8.
- ——— (1981). "Martingales, the Malliavin calculus and hypoellipticity under general Hörmander's conditions". Zeitschrift für Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und verwandte Gebiete. 56 (4): 469–505. doi:10.1007/BF00531428.
- ——— (1984). "Large deviations and the Malliavin calculus". Progress in Mathematics. 45, Birkhäuser Boston Inc.: 216 pp.
- ——— (1986). "The Atiyah-Singer index theorem for families of Dirac operators: two heat equation proofs". Inventiones Mathematicae. 83: 91–151. doi:10.1007/bf01388755.
- ———; Lebeau, G. (1992). "Complex immersions and Quillen metrics". Publications Mathématiques de l'IHÉS. 74 (1991): 298 pp.
- ——— (2005). "The hypoelliptic Laplacian on the cotangent bundle". Journal of the American Mathematical Society. 18 (2): 379–476. doi:10.1090/S0894-0347-05-00479-0.
- ——— (2011). "Hypoelliptic Laplacian and orbital integrals". Annals of Mathematics Studies. 177, Princeton University Press, Princeton: 330 pp. doi:10.1515/9781400840571.
- Jean-Michel Bismut, Département de Mathématique, Université Paris-Sud Archived 2013-01-06 at Archive.is
- [Preface by Paul Malliavin, From probability to geometry (I). Volume in honor of the 60th birthday of Jean-Michel Bismut, Astérisque 327, (2009), xv--xvi]
- [The mathematical work of Jean-Michel Bismut: a brief summary, Astérisque 327, (2009), xxv--xxxvii]
- Peng Shige
- Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of Scholars
- List of all ICM plenary and invited speakers since 1897
- "IMU Awards and Prizes: Selection Committees". Archived from the original on 2016-07-06. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
- "IMU Executive Committees 1952-2014". Archived from the original on 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
- Inventiones mathematicae: EDITORIAL BOARD