Jean-Nicolas Stofflet

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Jean-Nicolas Stofflet
Jean-Nicolas Stofflet
Born(1753-02-03)3 February 1753
Bathelémont-lès-Bauzemont, Kingdom of France
Died25 February 1796(1796-02-25) (aged 43)
Angers, French First Republic
Allegiance Kingdom of France
Royalist rebels
Service/branchSwiss Guards
RankMajor General
Commands heldCatholic and Royal Army
Battles/warsWar in the Vendée
AwardsOrder of Saint Louis, Grand Cross

Jean-Nicolas Stofflet (3 February 1753 – 25 February 1796) was a French leader of the Revolt in the Vendée against the First French Republic.

Born in Bathelémont-lès-Bauzemont (Meurthe-et-Moselle), the son of a miller, he was for long a private in the Swiss Guard, and afterwards gamekeeper to the comte de Colbert-Maulévrier, he joined the Vendéans when they rose against the Revolution to defend Roman Catholicism and Royalist principles. During the war in Vendée, he served first under Maurice-Louis-Joseph Gigot d'Elbée, and fought at Fontenay-le-Comte, Cholet and Saumur, and distinguished himself at the battles of Beaupréau, Laval and Antrain.

He was appointed major-general of the Royalist army, and in 1794 succeeded Henri de la Rochejaquelein as commander-in-chief of the Catholic and Royal Army. Stofflet established his headquarters in the Forest of Vezins. But his quarrels with another Vendéan leader, François de Charette, and the defeats sustained by the Vendéan troops, led him to give in his submission and to accept the terms of the Treaty of La Jaunaye with the National Convention (2 May 1795).

He, however, soon violated this treaty, and at the instigation of Royalist agents took arms in December of the same year or behalf of the Count of Provence, from whom he had received the rank of maréchal-de-camp. This last action of Stofflet's failed completely. He was taken prisoner by the Republic, sentenced to death by a military commission, and shot at Angers.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Stofflet, Jean Nicolas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 939. In turn, it cites as references:
    • General d'Andigny, Mémoires (1900–1901)
    • C. Loyer, "Cholet sous la domination de Stofflet", in L'Anjoa historique, vol. iii. (1902–1903)