Jean Augustine

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Jean Augustine

Jean Augustine 2010 (crop).jpg
Fairness Commissioner of Ontario
In office
Succeeded byMary Shenstone
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Etobicoke—Lakeshore
In office
October 25, 1993 – January 23, 2006
Preceded byPatrick Boyer
Succeeded byMichael Ignatieff
Personal details
Born (1937-09-09) September 9, 1937 (age 83)
St. George's, Grenada
Other political
ResidenceToronto, Ontario, Canada
ProfessionSchool principal

Jean Augustine PC CM OOnt CBE (born September 9, 1937) is a Grenadian-Canadian educational administrator, advocate for social justice, and politician. She was said to have been one of the 2 first Black Canadian women elected to the House of Commons, but Hedy Fry has since admitted publicly she has no African heritage.

From 1993 to 2006, Augustine was a Liberal member of the House of Commons of Canada, representing the riding of Etobicoke—Lakeshore in Ontario. She served as a member of Cabinet (2002 to 2004). Before her election, she had been a school principal. Augustine served as the Parliamentary Secretary to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien from 1994 to 1996; she was Minister of State for multiculturalism (and the status of women) from 2002 to 2004.


Augustine was born in 1937 in Grenada, but immigrated to Canada in 1960 under the West Indian Domestic Scheme.[1] She studied at the University of Toronto where she obtained a Bachelor of Arts and a Master of Education. After university she worked as an elementary school principal with the Metropolitan Separate School Board in Toronto. She was also actively involved in Toronto's Caribbean community, sitting on the first committee to organize the Caribana Festival in 1967.[1]

She has become engaged in numerous organizations for education and social justice, serving with the National Black Coalition of Canada, the Urban Alliance on Race Relations (UARR), the Board of Governors of York University, the Board of Trustees for The Hospital for Sick Children, the Board of Directors of the Donwood Institute, the Board of Harbourfront, and Chair of the Metro Toronto Housing Authority. She was also named National President of the Congress of Black Women of Canada in 1987.[2]

Federal politics[edit]

In the 1993 federal election, Augustine became the first Black Canadian woman elected to the Parliament of Canada; she served three terms as Chair of the National Liberal Women's Caucus. In February 2002, Augustine was elected Chair of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade.[3] While in office, Jean Augustine was solely responsible for championing legislation to recognize February as Black History Month in Canada with a unanimous vote of 305–0. This statement allowed Canadians to honour their Black history during the same time that their Americans had for generations.

Augustine also was the first Black Canadian woman appointed to the federal cabinet.[1] On May 26, 2002, Augustine was appointed Secretary of State (Multiculturalism) (Status of Women). In December 2003, she was re-appointed to the new Cabinet as Minister of State (Multiculturalism and Status of Women). In 2004, she was appointed to the position of Assistant Deputy Chair of Committees of the Whole, making her the first Black Canadian to occupy the Speaker's Chair in the Canadian House of Commons.

Augustine was the founding chair of the Canadian Association of Parliamentarians on Population & Development, chair of the National Sugar Caucus, chair of the Micro-credit Summit Council of Canadian Parliamentarians, chair of the Canada-Slovenia Parliamentary Group, and chair of the Canada–Africa Parliamentary Group.

On November 28, 2005, Augustine announced her intention to retire from the House, saying that she would not be a candidate in the 2006 Canadian election.[4] She endorsed Liberal Michael Ignatieff to succeed her.

Later life[edit]

In 2007, Augustine was nominated by the Government of Ontario to become the first Fairness Commissioner, a position created to advocate for Canadians with foreign professional credentials.[5] Augustine retired from the position of Fairness Commissioner in March 2015.[6]

In 2007, Augustine donated her personal records to the Clara Thomas Archives and Special Collections at York University. "Pushing buttons, pushing stories" is a digital exhibit of Augustine's personal political buttons.[7]

In 2008, the Jean Augustine Chair in Education was established in the Faculty of Education at York University.[8]

Honours and awards[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Susanna McLeod. "Jean Augustine". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  2. ^ "Congress of Black Women of Canada". Pushing Buttons, Pushing Stories:The Jean Augustine Political Button Collection. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile - Augustine, Jean". Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  4. ^ Cobb, Chris (2005-12-11). "Augustine's Swansong: Canada's first black female MP bowing out of politics: [Final Edition]". The Ottawa Citizen; Ottawa, Ont. Ottawa, Ont., Canada, Ottawa, Ont. pp. –7. ISSN 0839-3222. ProQuest 240895368.
  5. ^ Augustine to be Ont. advocate for foreign workers, CTV News from Canadian Press (CP). March 13, 2007.
  6. ^ Keung, Nicholas (March 22, 2015). "Jean Augustine, Ontario's fairness commissioner, retires at 77". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
  7. ^ "York University Libraries | Clara Thomas Archives & Special Collections online exhibits | The Jean Augustine Political Button Collection". Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  8. ^ "The Jean Augustine Chair in Education | Faculty of Education". Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  9. ^ "Paul Martin, Jean Augustine among seven receiving Trent University honorary degrees". 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  10. ^ "Governor General Announces 57 New Appointments to the Order of Canada". Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. December 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  11. ^ "No. 60897". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2014. p. b45.
  12. ^ "Former politician Jean Augustine gets Brampton school named after her", CBC News, January 26, 2016.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-18. Retrieved 2016-01-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

27th Ministry – Cabinet of Paul Martin
Cabinet post (1)
Predecessor Office Successor
  Minister of State (Multiculturalism and Status of Women)
26th Ministry – Cabinet of Jean Chrétien
Sub-Cabinet Post
Predecessor Title Successor
Hedy Fry Secretary of State (Multiculturalism) (Status of Women)