Jean Baker Miller

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Jean Baker Miller
BornSeptember 29, 1927
Bronx, New York City
DiedJuly 29, 2006(2006-07-29) (aged 78)
EducationB.S. Sarah Lawrence College
M.D. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
social activist
Spouse(s)S. M. Miller
ChildrenJonathan F. Miller
Edward D. Miller

Jean Baker Miller (1927–2006) was a psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, social activist, feminist, and author. She wrote Toward a New Psychology of Women, which brings psychological thought together with relational-cultural theory.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Jean Baker Miller was born to a Jewish family[2] on September 29, 1927, in the Bronx in New York City.[3] She was diagnosed with polio at an early age, and was inspired to pursue a career in medicine while in the care of nurses.[3] She attended Hunter College High School in New York City and in '48 graduated Sarah Lawrence College.[3] She got her M.D. at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1952, and was in New York for psychiatric residency programs at Montefiore Medical Center, Bellevue Hospital Center, the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Upstate Medical Center, New York Medical College, where she completed her psychoanalytic training.[1][3]

Work and publications[edit]

Miller opened a private practice in New York, and then moved to Boston in 1973. She edited Psychoanalysis and Women (1973), and then wrote Toward a New Psychology of Women (1976), which has become a classic in its field and has been translated into twenty languages.[1][3] Miller describes the "relational model" of human development ("Relational-Cultural Theory"), proposing that "growth-fostering relationships are a central human necessity and that disconnections are the source of psychological problems."[3] Inspired by Betty Friedan's Feminine Mystique, and other feminist classics from the 1960s, Relational-Cultural Theory proposes that "isolation is one of the most damaging human experiences and is best treated by reconnecting with other people," and that therapists should "foster an atmosphere of empathy and acceptance for the patient, even at the cost of the therapist’s neutrality."[4] The theory is based on clinical observations and sought to prove that "there was nothing wrong with women, but rather with the way modern culture viewed them."[5]

Following the publication of Toward a New Psychology of Women, Miller became the first director of the Stone Center for Developmental Services and Studies at Wellesley College, which incorporated the relational model into all aspects of the Stone Center's treatment.[3] In 1986, she became the Director of Education for the Stone Center, where she established a group discussion program to share ideas about the relational model and published these ideas as "Working Papers" through the center.[3] In 1991, she co-authored her second book, Women's Growth in Connection.[3]

Miller also served as a clinical professor of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine and was a faculty member at Harvard Medical School, and practiced psychiatry at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.[3] She was a member of the American College of Psychiatrists, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Orthopsychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychoanalysis.[1] Her third book, The Healing Connection, co-authored with Irene Stiver, was published in 1998.[1]

Jean Baker Miller Training Institute[edit]

In 1995, Jean Baker Miller established the Jean Baker Miller Training Institute (JBMTI) at the Wellesley Centers for Women at Wellesley College, an organization that seeks to "promote social change by expanding definitions and societal norms of personal strength, human health, and cultural wellbeing.[6] She served as its Founding Director and used the Institute to teach the theory of Relational-Cultural Theory to mental health professionals and nonprofit organizations.[4]

Personal life and death[edit]

She was married to S. M. Miller, an emeritus professor of sociology at Boston University; they had two sons, Dr. Edward D. Miller and Jonathan F. Miller,[4] Chairman and CEO of America Online. Jean Baker Miller died on July 29, 2006, at the age of 78 due to respiratory failure caused by emphysema and post-polio complications.[4][5]


  1. ^ a b c d e
  2. ^ Jewish Women's Archives: "Psychology in the United States" by Rhoda K. Unger retrieved March 26, 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j
  4. ^ a b c d New York Times: "Jean Baker Miller, 78, Psychiatrist, Is Dead" By Jeremy Pearce August 8, 2006
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^